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Federal Act on Copyright and Related Rights

English is not an official language of the Swiss Confederation. This translation is provided for information purposes only and has no legal force.

The Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation,

on the basis of Articles 95 and 122 of the Federal Constitution1,2 and having considered the Dispatch of the Federal Council dated 19 June 19893,

decrees:

Titel 1 Subject-Matter

Art. 1

1This Act reg­u­lates:

a.
the pro­tec­tion of au­thors of lit­er­ary and artist­ic works;
b.
the pro­tec­tion of per­formers, pro­du­cers of phono­grams and au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tions and broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tions;
c.
the fed­er­al su­per­vi­sion of the col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions.

2In­ter­na­tion­al treat­ies re­main re­served.

Titel 2 Copyright

Chapter 1 Works

Art. 2 Definition of works

1Works are lit­er­ary and artist­ic in­tel­lec­tu­al cre­ations with an in­di­vidu­al char­ac­ter, ir­re­spect­ive of their value or pur­pose.

2They in­clude, in par­tic­u­lar:

a.
lit­er­ary, sci­entif­ic and oth­er lin­guist­ic works;
b.
mu­sic­al works and oth­er acous­tic works;
c.
works of art, in par­tic­u­lar paint­ings, sculp­tures and graph­ic works;
d.
works with sci­entif­ic or tech­nic­al con­tent such as draw­ings, plans, maps or three-di­men­sion­al rep­res­ent­a­tions;
e.
works of ar­chi­tec­ture;
f.
works of ap­plied art;
g.
pho­to­graph­ic, cine­ma­to­graph­ic and oth­er visu­al or au­dio-visu­al works;
h.
cho­reo­graph­ic works and works of mime.

3Com­puter pro­grams are also works.

4Drafts, titles and parts of works, in­so­far as they are in­tel­lec­tu­al cre­ations with an in­di­vidu­al char­ac­ter, are also pro­tec­ted.

Art. 3 Derivative works

1De­riv­at­ive works are in­tel­lec­tu­al cre­ations with an in­di­vidu­al char­ac­ter that are based upon pre-ex­ist­ing works, whereby the in­di­vidu­al char­ac­ter of the lat­ter re­mains iden­ti­fi­able.

2Such works in­clude, in par­tic­u­lar, trans­la­tions as well as au­dio-visu­al and oth­er ad­apt­a­tions.

3De­riv­at­ive works are pro­tec­ted as works in their own right.

4The pro­tec­tion of the works used in the de­riv­at­ive work re­mains re­served.

Art. 4 Collected works

1Col­lec­tions are pro­tec­ted as works in their own right in­so­far as they are in­tel­lec­tu­al cre­ations with in­di­vidu­al char­ac­ter with re­gard to their se­lec­tion and ar­range­ment.

2Works in­cluded in a col­lec­ted work may be pro­tec­ted in­di­vidu­ally.

Art. 5 Works excluded from protection

1Copy­right does not pro­tect:

a.
acts, or­din­ances, in­ter­na­tion­al treat­ies and oth­er of­fi­cial en­act­ments;
b.
means of pay­ment;
c.
de­cisions, minutes and re­ports is­sued by au­thor­it­ies and pub­lic ad­min­is­tra­tions;
d.
pat­ent spe­cific­a­tions and pub­lished pat­ent ap­plic­a­tions.

2Copy­right also does not pro­tect of­fi­cial or leg­ally re­quired col­lec­tions and trans­la­tions of the works re­ferred to in para­graph 1.

Chapter 2 Author

Art. 6 Definition

The au­thor is the nat­ur­al per­son who has cre­ated the work.

Art. 7 Joint authorship

1Where two or more per­sons have con­trib­uted as au­thors to the cre­ation of a work, copy­right be­longs to all such per­sons jointly.

2Un­less they have agreed oth­er­wise, they may only use the work with the con­sent of all au­thors; con­sent may not be with­held for reas­ons con­trary to the prin­ciples of good faith.

3Each joint au­thor may in­de­pend­ently bring an ac­tion for in­fringe­ment, but may only ask for re­lief for the be­ne­fit of all.

4Where the in­di­vidu­al con­tri­bu­tions may be sep­ar­ated and there is no agree­ment to the con­trary, each joint au­thor may use his own con­tri­bu­tion in­de­pend­ently provided such use does not im­pair the ex­ploit­a­tion of the joint work.

Art. 8 Presumption of authorship

1Un­less proven oth­er­wise, the au­thor is the per­son whose name, pseud­onym or dis­tinct­ive sign ap­pears on the cop­ies or the pub­lic­a­tion of the work.

2As long as the au­thor is not named or re­mains un­known in the case of a pseud­onym or a dis­tinct­ive sign, the per­son who is the ed­it­or of the work may ex­er­cise the copy­right. Where such per­son is also not named, the per­son who has pub­lished the work may ex­er­cise the copy­right.

Chapter 3 Scope of Copyright

Section 1 Relationship of the Author to his Work

Art. 9 Recognition of authorship

1The au­thor has the ex­clus­ive right to his own work and the right to re­cog­ni­tion of his au­thor­ship.

2The au­thor has the ex­clus­ive right to de­cide wheth­er, when, how and un­der what au­thor's des­ig­na­tion his own work is pub­lished for the first time.

3A work is con­sidered to be pub­lished when it has been made avail­able for the first time by the au­thor, or with his con­sent, to a large num­ber of per­sons not con­sti­tut­ing a private circle as defined in Art­icle 19 para­graph 1 let­ter a.

Art. 10 Use of the work

1The au­thor has the ex­clus­ive right to de­cide wheth­er, when and how his work is used.

2The au­thor has the right, in par­tic­u­lar:

a.
to pro­duce cop­ies of the work, such as prin­ted mat­ter, phono­grams, au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tions or data car­ri­ers;
b.
to of­fer, trans­fer or oth­er­wise dis­trib­ute cop­ies of the work;
c.1
to re­cite, per­form or present a work, or make it per­cept­ible some­where else or make it avail­able dir­ectly or through any kind of me­di­um in such a way that per­sons may ac­cess it from a place and at a time in­di­vidu­ally chosen by them;
d.
to broad­cast the work by ra­dio, tele­vi­sion or sim­il­ar means, in­clud­ing by wire;
e.
to re­trans­mit works by means of tech­nic­al equip­ment, the pro­vider of which is not the ori­gin­al broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tion, in par­tic­u­lar in­clud­ing by wire;
f.2
to make works made avail­able, broad­cast and re­trans­mit­ted per­cept­ible.

3The au­thor of a com­puter pro­gram also has the ex­clus­ive rent­al right.


1 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).
2 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 11 Integrity of the work

1The au­thor has the ex­clus­ive right to de­cide:

a.
wheth­er, when and how the work may be altered;
b.
wheth­er, when and how the work may be used to cre­ate a de­riv­at­ive work or may be in­cluded in a col­lec­ted work.

2Even where a third party is au­thor­ised by con­tract or law to al­ter the work or to use it to cre­ate a de­riv­at­ive work, the au­thor may op­pose any dis­tor­tion of the work that is a vi­ol­a­tion of his per­son­al rights.

3It is per­miss­ible to use ex­ist­ing works for the cre­ation of par­od­ies or oth­er com­par­able vari­ations on the work.

Section 2: Relationship between Authorship and Ownership of Copies of the Work

Art. 12 Principle of exhaustion

1Where the au­thor has trans­ferred the rights to a copy of a work or has con­sen­ted to such a trans­fer, these rights may sub­sequently be fur­ther trans­ferred or the copy oth­er­wise dis­trib­uted.

1bisCop­ies of au­dio-visu­al works may not be fur­ther trans­ferred or ren­ted as long as the au­thor is thereby im­paired in ex­er­cising his right of per­form­ance (Art. 10 para. 2 let. c).1

2Where the au­thor has trans­ferred the rights to a com­puter pro­gram or has con­sen­ted to such trans­fer, such a pro­gram may sub­sequently be used or fur­ther trans­ferred.

3Works of ar­chi­tec­ture that have been con­struc­ted may be altered by the own­er; Art­icle 11 para­graph 2 re­mains re­served.


1 In­ser­ted by Art. 36 No 3 of the Film Act of 14 Dec. 2001 (AS 2002 1904; BBl 2000 5429). Amended by No II of the Fed­er­al Act of 20 June 2003, in force since 1 April 2004 (AS 2004 1385; BBl 2002 2022 5506).

Art. 13 Rental of copies of works

1Any per­son who rents or oth­er­wise makes avail­able for a fee cop­ies of lit­er­ary or artist­ic works owes re­mu­ner­a­tion to the au­thor.

2No ob­lig­a­tion to pay re­mu­ner­a­tion ex­ists for:

a.
works of ar­chi­tec­ture;
b.
cop­ies of works of ap­plied art;
c.
cop­ies of works ren­ted or lent for a con­trac­tu­ally agreed use of copy­right.

3Claims for re­mu­ner­a­tion may only be as­ser­ted by the ap­proved col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions (Art. 40 and seq.).

4This Art­icle does not ap­ply to com­puter pro­grams. The ex­clus­ive right un­der Art­icle 10 para­graph 3 re­mains re­served.

Art. 14 Author's right of access and exhibition

1Any per­son who owns or is in pos­ses­sion of a copy of a work must provide ac­cess thereto to the au­thor to the ex­tent ne­ces­sary for the lat­ter to ex­er­cise the copy­right and in­so­far as no le­git­im­ate in­terest of the own­er pre­cludes such ac­cess.

2The au­thor may re­quire that a copy of the work be lent to him for an ex­hib­i­tion in Switzer­land if an over­rid­ing in­terest can be proven.

3The loan may be sub­ject to the pro­vi­sion of se­cur­ity for the in­tact re­turn of the copy of the work. Where the copy of the work can­not be re­turned in­tact, the au­thor is li­able re­gard­less of fault.

Art. 15 Protection against destruction

1Where the own­er of an ori­gin­al work of which no fur­ther cop­ies ex­ist has reas­on to as­sume that the au­thor of the work has a le­git­im­ate in­terest in its pre­ser­va­tion, he may not des­troy the work without first of­fer­ing to re­turn it to the au­thor. The own­er may not re­quest more than the ma­ter­i­al value of the work.

2Where it is not pos­sible to re­turn the work, the own­er must make it pos­sible for the au­thor to re­pro­duce the ori­gin­al in an ap­pro­pri­ate man­ner.

3For works of ar­chi­tec­ture, the au­thor only has the right to pho­to­graph the work and to re­quire that cop­ies of the plans be handed to him at his own ex­pense.

Chapter 4 Assignment of Rights; Debt Enforcement

Art. 16 Assignment of rights

1Copy­right is as­signable or may be in­her­ited.

2 The as­sign­ment of a right sub­sist­ing in the copy­right does not in­clude the as­sign­ment of oth­er par­tial rights, un­less such was agreed.

3 The as­sign­ment of the own­er­ship of a copy of a work does not in­clude the right to ex­ploit the copy­right, even in the case of an ori­gin­al work.

Art. 17 Rights to computer programs

Where a com­puter pro­gram has been cre­ated un­der an em­ploy­ment con­tract in the course of dis­char­ging pro­fes­sion­al du­ties or ful­filling con­trac­tu­al ob­lig­a­tions, the em­ploy­er alone shall be en­titled to ex­er­cise the ex­clus­ive rights of use.

Art. 18 Debt enforcement

The rights re­ferred to in Art­icle 10 para­graphs 2 and 3 and in Art­icle 11 are sub­ject to debt en­force­ment in­so­far as the au­thor has already ex­er­cised them and the work has already been pub­lished with the con­sent of the au­thor.

Chapter 5 Exceptions to Copyright

Art. 19 Private use

1Pub­lished works may be used for private use. Private use means:

a.
any per­son­al use of a work or use with­in a circle of per­sons closely con­nec­ted to each oth­er, such as re­l­at­ives or friends;
b.
any use of a work by a teach­er and his class for edu­ca­tion­al pur­poses;
c.
the copy­ing of a work in en­ter­prises, pub­lic ad­min­is­tra­tions, in­sti­tu­tions, com­mis­sions and sim­il­ar bod­ies for in­tern­al in­form­a­tion or doc­u­ment­a­tion.

2Per­sons en­titled to make cop­ies of a work for private use may also have them made by third parties sub­ject to para­graph 3; lib­rar­ies, oth­er pub­lic in­sti­tu­tions and busi­nesses that make copy­ing ap­par­at­us avail­able to their users are also deemed third parties with­in the mean­ing of this para­graph.1

3The fol­low­ing are not per­mit­ted out­side the private sphere defined in para­graph 1 let­ter a:2

a.
the com­plete or sub­stan­tial copy­ing of a work ob­tain­able com­mer­cially;
b.
the copy­ing of works of art;
c.
the copy­ing of mu­sic­al scores;
d.
the fix­a­tion of re­cit­a­tions, per­form­ances or present­a­tions of a work on blank me­dia.

3bisCop­ies which are made by ac­cess­ing works that are law­fully made avail­able are neither sub­ject to the re­stric­tion of private use un­der this Art­icle nor are they in­cluded in the claims for re­mu­ner­a­tion un­der Art­icle 20.3

4This Art­icle does not ap­ply to com­puter pro­grams.


1 Amended by No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).
2 Amended by No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).
3 In­ser­ted by No 1 of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 20 Remuneration for private use

1The use of the work with­in a circle of per­sons un­der Art­icle 19 para­graph 1 let­ter a does not give rise to a right of re­mu­ner­a­tion sub­ject to para­graph 3.

2Any per­son who re­pro­duces works in any man­ner for private use un­der Art­icle 19 para­graph 1 let­ter b or let­ter c, or any per­son who does so as a third party un­der Art­icle 19 para­graph 2 owes re­mu­ner­a­tion to the au­thor.

3Any per­son who pro­duces or im­ports blank me­dia suit­able for the fix­a­tion of works owes re­mu­ner­a­tion to the au­thor for the use of the works un­der Art­icle 19.

4Claims for re­mu­ner­a­tion may only be as­ser­ted by the au­thor­ised col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions.

Art. 21 Decoding of computer programs

1Any per­son who has the right to use a com­puter pro­gram may ob­tain, either per­son­ally or through a third party, ne­ces­sary in­form­a­tion on the in­ter­faces by de­cod­ing the pro­gram code us­ing in­de­pend­ently de­veloped pro­grams.

2The in­ter­face in­form­a­tion ob­tained by de­cod­ing the pro­gram code may only be used for the de­vel­op­ment, main­ten­ance and use of in­ter­op­er­able com­puter pro­grams in­so­far as neither the nor­mal ex­ploit­a­tion of the pro­gram nor the le­git­im­ate in­terests of the own­er of the rights are un­reas­on­ably pre­ju­diced.

Art. 22 Dissemination of broadcast works

1The right to make broad­cast works per­cept­ible sim­ul­tan­eously and without al­ter­a­tion or to rebroad­cast such works with­in the frame­work of the re­trans­mis­sion of a broad­cast pro­gramme may only be as­ser­ted by the au­thor­ised col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions.

2The re­trans­mis­sion of works by means of tech­nic­al equip­ment that is in­ten­ded to serve a small num­ber of re­ceiv­ers, such as in­stall­a­tions in a mul­tiple-fam­ily dwell­ing or in a res­id­en­tial com­plex, is per­mit­ted.

3This Art­icle does not ap­ply to the rebroad­cast­ing of sub­scrip­tion tele­vi­sion pro­grammes or of pro­grammes that can­not be re­ceived in Switzer­land.

Art. 22a Use of broadcasting organisations' archived works

1The fol­low­ing rights to archived works of broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tions' un­der the Fed­er­al Act of 24 March 20062 on Ra­dio and Tele­vi­sion may only be as­ser­ted by the au­thor­ised col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions, sub­ject to para­graph 3:

a.
the right to broad­cast the un­mod­i­fied com­plete archived work or an ex­cerpt there­of;
b.
the right to make avail­able the un­mod­i­fied com­plete work, or an ex­cerpt there­of, in such a way that per­sons may ac­cess it from a place or at a time in­di­vidu­ally chosen by them;
c.
the re­pro­duc­tion rights ne­ces­sary to ex­er­cise the uses un­der let­ters a and b.

2A broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tions' archived work means a work fixed on a phono­gram or au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tion which was cre­ated by a broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tion un­der its own ed­it­or­i­al re­spons­ib­il­ity and at its own ex­pense or by a third party at the sole re­quest and ex­pense of the broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tion and which was first broad­cast at least ten years pre­vi­ously. In the event that oth­er works or parts of works are in­teg­rated in­to an archived work, para­graph 1 also ap­plies to the as­ser­tion of rights to this work or par­tial work in­so­far as these do not sig­ni­fic­antly de­term­ine the unique char­ac­ter of the archived works.

3To the ex­tent that the rights un­der para­graph 1 and their re­mu­ner­a­tion are reg­u­lated in a con­tract pri­or to the first broad­cast or with­in ten years there­after, the con­trac­tu­al pro­vi­sions ap­ply ex­clus­ively. Para­graph 1 does not ap­ply to the broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tions' rights un­der Art­icle 37. The broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tions and the third parties in­volved must provide in­form­a­tion re­gard­ing the con­trac­tu­al agree­ment to the col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tion upon re­quest.


1 In­ser­ted by No 1 of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).
2 SR 784.40

Art. 22b Use of orphan works

1The rights re­quired to ex­ploit phono­grams or au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tions may only be as­ser­ted by the au­thor­ised col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions if:

a.
ex­ploit­a­tion relates to pub­licly ac­cess­ible archive col­lec­tions or archived works of broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tions;
b.
the rights hold­ers are un­known or can­not be found; and
c.
the phono­grams or au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tions to be ex­ploited were pro­duced or re­pro­duced in Switzer­land at least ten years pre­vi­ously.

2The users are re­quired to re­port the phono­grams or au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tions con­tain­ing orphan works to the col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions.


1 In­ser­ted by No 1 of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 22c Making available broadcast musical works

1The right to make non-the­at­ric­al works of mu­sic con­tained in a broad­cast avail­able through a ra­dio or tele­vi­sion pro­gramme may only be as­ser­ted by the au­thor­ised col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions if:

a.
the broad­cast was primar­ily pro­duced by the broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tion or at its re­quest;
b.
the broad­cast was ded­ic­ated to a non-mu­sic­al top­ic which took pre­ced­ence over the mu­sic and was an­nounced pri­or to the broad­cast in the usu­al man­ner;
c.
mak­ing it avail­able does not im­pair the sale of mu­sic on phono­grams or through on­line of­fers by third parties.

2Sub­ject to the re­quire­ments of para­graph 1, the right of re­pro­duc­tion for the pur­pose of mak­ing avail­able may only be as­ser­ted by the au­thor­ised col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions.


1 In­ser­ted by No 1 of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 23 Compulsory licence for the manufacture of phonograms

1If a mu­sic­al work, with or without lyr­ics, has been fixed on a phono­gram in Switzer­land or abroad and has been offered, trans­ferred or oth­er­wise dis­trib­uted in this form with the per­mis­sion of the au­thor, all man­u­fac­tur­ers of phono­grams with a com­mer­cial es­tab­lish­ment in Switzer­land may also re­quest per­mis­sion from the copy­right own­er to do the same in Switzer­land against re­mu­ner­a­tion.

2The Fed­er­al Coun­cil may waive the re­quire­ment of a com­mer­cial es­tab­lish­ment in Switzer­land in the case of na­tion­als of coun­tries grant­ing re­cipro­city.

Art. 24 Archive and backup copies

1One copy of a work may be made in or­der to en­sure its pre­ser­va­tion. The ori­gin­al or the copy must be stored in an archive not ac­cess­ible to the gen­er­al pub­lic and be marked as the archive copy.

1bisPub­lic lib­rar­ies, edu­ca­tion­al in­sti­tu­tions, mu­seums and archives ac­cess­ible to the pub­lic may make those cop­ies of the works re­quired to se­cure and pre­serve their col­lec­tions in­so­far as these cop­ies are not made for fin­an­cial or com­mer­cial gain.1

2Any per­son en­titled to use a com­puter pro­gram may make one backup copy there­of; this right may not be waived by con­tract.


1 In­ser­ted by No 1 of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 24a Temporary copies

The mak­ing of tem­por­ary cop­ies of a work is per­mit­ted if:

a.
they are tran­si­ent or in­cid­ent­al;
b.
they rep­res­ent an in­teg­ral and es­sen­tial part of a tech­no­lo­gic­al pro­cess;
c.
their sole pur­pose is to en­able a trans­mis­sion of the work in a net­work between third parties by an in­ter­me­di­ary or a law­ful use of the work;
d.
they have no in­de­pend­ent eco­nom­ic sig­ni­fic­ance.

1 In­ser­ted by No 1 of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 24b Copies for broadcasting purposes

1If com­mer­cially avail­able phono­grams or au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tions are used for broad­cast­ing pur­poses by broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tions sub­ject to the Fed­er­al Act of 24 March 20062 on Ra­dio and Tele­vi­sion, the rights of re­pro­duc­tion of non-the­at­ric­al mu­sic­al works may only be as­ser­ted by an au­thor­ised col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tion.

2Cop­ies pro­duced in ac­cord­ance with para­graph 1 may neither be trans­ferred nor oth­er­wise dis­trib­uted; they must be pro­duced by the broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tion by means of their own fa­cil­it­ies. They must be des­troyed after they have ful­filled their pur­pose. Art­icle 11 re­mains re­served.


1 In­ser­ted by No 1 of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).
2 SR 784.40

Art. 24c Use of works by people with disabilities

1A work may be re­pro­duced in a form which is ac­cess­ible to people with dis­ab­il­it­ies in­so­far as the work can­not be per­ceived by the senses, or can only be per­ceived by the senses with dif­fi­culty, in its already pub­lished form.

2Such cop­ies of the work may only be pro­duced and placed on the mar­ket for non-com­mer­cial pur­poses, and only for the use of people with dis­ab­il­it­ies.

3The au­thor has the right to re­mu­ner­a­tion for the re­pro­duc­tion and dis­tri­bu­tion of his work in a form ac­cess­ible to people with dis­ab­il­it­ies oth­er than in the case of the pro­duc­tion of in­di­vidu­al cop­ies of the work.

4Claims for re­mu­ner­a­tion may only be as­ser­ted by the au­thor­ised col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions.


1 In­ser­ted by No 1 of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 25 Quotations

1 Pub­lished works may be quoted if the quo­ta­tion serves as an ex­plan­a­tion, a ref­er­ence or an il­lus­tra­tion, and the ex­tent of the quo­ta­tion is jus­ti­fied for such pur­pose.

2The quo­ta­tion must be des­ig­nated as such and the source giv­en. Where the source in­dic­ates the name of the au­thor, the name must also be cited.

Art. 26 Museum, exhibition and auction catalogues

A work form­ing part of a col­lec­tion ac­cess­ible to the pub­lic may be re­pro­duced in a cata­logue is­sued by the ad­min­is­trat­ors of the col­lec­tion; the same rule ap­plies to the pub­lic­a­tion of ex­hib­i­tion and auc­tion cata­logues.

Art. 27 Works on premises open to the public

1A work per­man­ently situ­ated in a place ac­cess­ible to the pub­lic may be de­pic­ted; the de­pic­tion may be offered, trans­ferred, broad­cast or oth­er­wise dis­trib­uted.

2The de­pic­tion may not be three-di­men­sion­al and it may not serve the same pur­pose as the ori­gin­al.

Art. 28 Reporting current events

1Where it is ne­ces­sary for re­port­ing cur­rent events, the works per­ceived in do­ing so may be fixed, re­pro­duced, presen­ted, broad­cast, dis­trib­uted or oth­er­wise made per­cept­ible.

2For the pur­poses of in­form­a­tion about cur­rent af­fairs, short ex­cerpts from press art­icles or from ra­dio and tele­vi­sion re­ports may be re­pro­duced, dis­trib­uted, broad­cast or re­trans­mit­ted; full ref­er­ence must be made to the rel­ev­ant ex­cerpt as well as the source. Where the source refers to the name of the au­thor, the name must also be cited.

Chapter 6 Term of Protection

Art. 29 In general

1A work is pro­tec­ted by copy­right as soon as it is cre­ated, ir­re­spect­ive of wheth­er it has been fixed on a phys­ic­al me­di­um.

2Pro­tec­tion ex­pires:

a.
in the case of com­puter pro­grams, 50 years after the death of the au­thor;
b.
in the case of all oth­er works, 70 years after the death of the au­thor.

3Where it is has to be as­sumed that the au­thor has been dead for more than 50 or 70 years1 re­spect­ively, pro­tec­tion no longer ap­plies.


1 Re­vised by the Fed­er­al As­sembly Draft­ing Com­mit­tee (Art. 58 para. 1 ParlA; SR 171.10).

Art. 30 Joint authorship

1Where two or more per­sons have par­ti­cip­ated in the cre­ation of a work (Art. 7), pro­tec­tion ex­pires:

a.
in the case of com­puter pro­grams, 50 years after the death of the last sur­viv­ing joint au­thor1;
b.
in the case of all oth­er works, 70 years after the death of the last sur­viv­ing joint au­thor2.

2Where the in­di­vidu­al con­tri­bu­tions may be sep­ar­ated, pro­tec­tion for each con­tri­bu­tion ex­pires 50 or 70 years3 re­spect­ively after the death of the re­spect­ive au­thor.

3In the case of films and oth­er au­dio-visu­al works, the cal­cu­la­tion of the term of pro­tec­tion is based solely on the date of the death of the dir­ect­or.


1 Re­vised by the Fed­er­al As­sembly Draft­ing Com­mit­tee (Art. 58 para. 1 ParlA; SR 171.10).
2 Re­vised by the Fed­er­al As­sembly Draft­ing Com­mit­tee (Art. 58 para. 1 ParlA; SR 171.10).
3 Re­vised by the Fed­er­al As­sembly Draft­ing Com­mit­tee (Art. 58 para. 1 ParlA; SR 171.10).

Art. 31 Unknown authorship

1Where the au­thor of a work is un­known, pro­tec­tion for that work ex­pires 70 years after it has been pub­lished or, if it has been pub­lished in in­stal­ments, 70 years after the fi­nal in­stal­ment.

2If the iden­tity of the per­son1 who has cre­ated the work be­comes pub­licly known be­fore the ex­piry of the afore­men­tioned term, pro­tec­tion for the work ex­pires:

a.
in the case of com­puter pro­grams, 50 years after the death of the au­thor2;
b.
in the case of all oth­er works, 70 years after the death of the au­thor3.

1 Re­vised by the Fed­er­al As­sembly Draft­ing Com­mit­tee (Art. 58 para. 1 ParlA; SR 171.10).
2 Re­vised by the Fed­er­al As­sembly Draft­ing Com­mit­tee (Art. 58 para. 1 ParlA; SR 171.10).
3 Re­vised by the Fed­er­al As­sembly Draft­ing Com­mit­tee (Art. 58 para. 1 ParlA; SR 171.10).

Art. 32 Calculation

The term of pro­tec­tion is cal­cu­lated from 31 Decem­ber of the year in which the event de­term­in­ing the cal­cu­la­tion oc­curred.

Title 3 Related Rights

Art. 33 Rights of performers

1A per­former is any nat­ur­al per­son who per­forms a work or an ex­pres­sion of folk­lore or who par­ti­cip­ates artist­ic­ally in the per­form­ance of such a work.1

2Per­formers have the fol­low­ing ex­clus­ive right in re­spect of their per­form­ance or its fix­a­tion:2

a. 3
to make their per­form­ance per­cept­ible in some place oth­er than that in which it was per­formed, either dir­ectly or through any kind of me­di­um, in such a way that per­sons may ac­cess it from a place and at a time in­di­vidu­ally chosen by them.
b.
to broad­cast their per­form­ance by ra­dio, tele­vi­sion or sim­il­ar meth­od, in­clud­ing by wire, as well as to re­trans­mit the broad­cast per­form­ance by means of tech­nic­al equip­ment, the pro­vider of which is not the ori­gin­al broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tion;
c.
to fix their per­form­ance on blank me­dia and to re­pro­duce such fix­a­tions;
d.
to of­fer, trans­fer or oth­er­wise dis­trib­ute cop­ies of their per­form­ance;
e. 4
to make their per­form­ance per­cept­ible when they are broad­cast, re­trans­mit­ted or made avail­able to the pub­lic.

1 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).
2 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).
3 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).
4 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 33a Moral rights of performers

1Per­formers have the right to be re­cog­nised as such when they per­form a work.

2The pro­tec­tion of per­formers from derog­at­ory treat­ment of their per­form­ances is sub­ject to Art­icles 28-28l of the Swiss Civil Code2.


1 In­ser­ted by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).
2 SR 210

Art. 34 Collective performance

1Where two or more per­sons have par­ti­cip­ated artist­ic­ally in a per­form­ance, they are jointly en­titled to the re­lated rights un­der Art­icle 7.

2Where per­formers ap­pear as a group un­der a com­mon name, the rep­res­ent­at­ive named by the per­form­ing group shall have the au­thor­ity to as­sert the rights of the mem­bers. In­so­far as the group does not name a rep­res­ent­at­ive, the per­son who pro­duces the per­form­ance or fixes it on blank me­dia, or who broad­casts it has the au­thor­ity to as­sert the rights.

3In the case of a chor­al, or­ches­tral or stage per­form­ance, use of the per­form­ance un­der Art­icle 33 re­quires the con­sent of the fol­low­ing per­sons:

a.
the so­loists;
b.
the con­duct­or;
c.
the dir­ect­or;
d.
the rep­res­ent­at­ive of the per­form­ing group un­der para­graph 2.

4Any per­son who has the right to ex­ploit a per­form­ance on an au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tion is con­sidered to be au­thor­ised to per­mit third parties to make the fixed per­form­ance avail­able in such a way that per­sons may have ac­cess to it from a place and at a time in­di­vidu­ally chosen by them.

5In the ab­sence of the cor­res­pond­ing stat­utory or con­trac­tu­al pro­vi­sions, the re­la­tion­ship between the au­thor­ised per­sons un­der para­graphs 2 and 4 and the per­formers whom they rep­res­ent is gov­erned by the pro­vi­sions on agency without au­thor­ity.


132 Amended by No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 35 Right to remuneration for the use of phonograms and audio-visual fixations

1If com­mer­cially avail­able phono­grams or au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tions are used for the pur­pose of broad­cast­ing, re­trans­mis­sion, pub­lic re­cep­tion (Art­icle 33 para. 2 let. e) or per­form­ance, the per­formers have a right to re­mu­ner­a­tion.

2The pro­du­cer of the me­di­um thus used is en­titled to an equit­able share of the re­mu­ner­a­tion of the per­formers.

3Claims for re­mu­ner­a­tion may only be as­ser­ted by the au­thor­ised col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions.

4For­eign per­formers who are not ha­bitu­ally res­id­ent in Switzer­land only have a right to re­mu­ner­a­tion if the state of which they are a na­tion­al af­fords a cor­res­pond­ing right to Swiss na­tion­als.

Art. 36 Rights of phonogram and audio-visual fixation producers

A pro­du­cer of phono­grams and au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tions has the ex­clus­ive right:

a.
to re­pro­duce the fix­a­tions and to of­fer, trans­fer or oth­er­wise dis­trib­ute the re­pro­duc­tions;
b.
to make the fix­a­tions avail­able through any kind of me­di­um in such a way that per­sons may ac­cess them from a place and at a time in­di­vidu­ally chosen by them.

1 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 37 Rights of broadcasting organisations

A broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tion has the ex­clus­ive right:

a.
to re­trans­mit its broad­casts;
b.
to make its broad­casts per­cept­ible;
c.
to fix its broad­casts on blank me­dia and to re­pro­duce such fix­a­tions;
d.
to of­fer, trans­fer or oth­er­wise dis­trib­ute cop­ies of the fix­a­tions of its broad­cast;
e.1
to make its broad­casts avail­able through any kind of me­di­um in such a way that per­sons may ac­cess them from a place and at a time in­di­vidu­ally chosen by them.

1 In­ser­ted by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 38 Assignment of rights, enforcement, and exceptions and limitations to protection

The pro­vi­sions un­der Art­icle 12 para­graph 1 and Art­icle 13 as well as Chapters 4 and 5 of the Second Title of this Act ap­ply mu­tatis mutandis to the rights to which the per­formers, phono­gram and au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tion pro­du­cers and broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tions are en­titled.

Art. 39 Term of protection

1Pro­tec­tion be­gins with the per­form­ance of the work or of the ex­pres­sion of folk­lore by the per­formers, with the pub­lic­a­tion of the phono­gram or au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tion, or with its pro­duc­tion if it is not pub­lished, or with the trans­mis­sion of the broad­cast; it ends after 50 years.1

1bisThe right to re­cog­ni­tion as a per­former un­der Art­icle 33a para­graph 1 ex­pires on the death of the per­former, but not be­fore the term of pro­tec­tion un­der para­graph 1 ex­pires.2

2The term of pro­tec­tion is cal­cu­lated from 31 Decem­ber of the year in which the event de­term­in­ing the cal­cu­la­tion oc­curred.


1 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).
2 In­ser­ted by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).

Title 3a Protection of Technological Measures and Rights Management Information

Art. 39a Protection of technological measures

1Ef­fect­ive tech­no­lo­gic­al meas­ures for the pro­tec­tion of works and oth­er pro­tec­ted sub­ject-mat­ter may not be cir­cum­ven­ted.

2Ef­fect­ive tech­no­lo­gic­al meas­ures in ac­cord­ance with para­graph 1 means tech­no­lo­gies and devices such as ac­cess con­trol, copy con­trol, en­cryp­tion, scram­bling and oth­er modi­fic­a­tion mech­an­isms that are in­ten­ded and suit­able for pre­vent­ing or lim­it­ing the un­au­thor­ised use of works and oth­er sub­ject-mat­ter.

3It is un­law­ful to man­u­fac­ture, im­port, of­fer, trans­fer or oth­er­wise dis­trib­ute, rent, give for use, and ad­vert­ise or pos­sess for com­mer­cial pur­poses devices, products or com­pon­ents, or provide ser­vices which:

a.
are the sub­ject-mat­ter of sales pro­mo­tion, ad­vert­ising or mar­ket­ing with the goal of cir­cum­vent­ing ef­fect­ive tech­no­lo­gic­al meas­ures;
b.
have only a lim­ited com­mer­cially sig­ni­fic­ant pur­pose or use oth­er than the cir­cum­ven­tion of ef­fect­ive tech­no­lo­gic­al meas­ures;
c.
are primar­ily de­signed, man­u­fac­tured, ad­ap­ted or per­formed for the pur­pose of en­abling or fa­cil­it­at­ing the cir­cum­ven­tion of ef­fect­ive tech­no­lo­gic­al meas­ures.

4The ban on cir­cum­ven­tion may not be en­forced against those per­sons who un­der­take the cir­cum­ven­tion ex­clus­ively for leg­ally per­mit­ted uses.

Art. 39b Monitoring office for technological measures

1The Fed­er­al Coun­cil shall es­tab­lish a mon­it­or­ing of­fice for tech­no­lo­gic­al meas­ures which:

a.
mon­it­ors and re­ports on the ef­fects of tech­no­lo­gic­al meas­ures in ac­cord­ance with Art­icle 39a para­graph 2 on the ex­cep­tions and lim­it­a­tions reg­u­lated by Art­icles 19-28;
b.
acts as a li­ais­on between user and con­sumer groups and the users of tech­no­lo­gic­al meas­ures, and en­cour­ages co­oper­at­ive solu­tions.

2The Fed­er­al Coun­cil reg­u­lates the tasks and or­gan­isa­tion of the mon­it­or­ing of­fice. It may provide that meas­ures by the mon­it­or­ing of­fice be taken if pub­lic in­terests pro­tec­ted by the ex­cep­tions and lim­it­a­tions of copy­right so re­quire.

Art. 39c Protection of rights management information

1Rights man­age­ment in­form­a­tion on copy­right and re­lated rights may not be re­moved or altered.

2Elec­tron­ic in­form­a­tion that iden­ti­fies works and oth­er sub­ject-mat­ter or in­form­a­tion about the terms and con­di­tions of use as well as any num­bers or codes that rep­res­ent such in­form­a­tion are pro­tec­ted when such in­form­a­tion:

a.
is af­fixed to a phono­gram, au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tion or data car­ri­er; or
b.
ap­pears in con­junc­tion with the com­mu­nic­a­tion of a work or oth­er sub­ject-mat­ter without tan­gible me­di­um.

3Works or oth­er sub­ject-mat­ter from which the rights man­age­ment in­form­a­tion con­cern­ing copy­right and re­lated rights has been re­moved or altered may not be copied, im­por­ted, offered, trans­ferred or oth­er­wise dis­trib­uted or broad­cast, made per­cept­ible or made avail­able in this form.

Title 4 Collective Rights Management Organisations

Chapter 1 Areas Subject to Federal Supervision

Art. 40

1The fol­low­ing are sub­ject to fed­er­al su­per­vi­sion:

a.
the man­age­ment of ex­clus­ive rights for the per­form­ance and broad­cast­ing of non-the­at­ric­al works of mu­sic and the pro­duc­tion of phono­grams and au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tions of such works.
abis1 the as­ser­tion of ex­clus­ive rights un­der Art­icles 22, 22a-22c and 24b;
b.2
the as­ser­tion of rights to re­mu­ner­a­tion provided for in this Act un­der Art­icles 13, 20, 24c and 35.

2The Fed­er­al Coun­cil may sub­ject oth­er areas of col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment to fed­er­al su­per­vi­sion if pub­lic in­terest so re­quires.

3The per­son­al ex­ploit­a­tion of ex­clus­ive rights un­der para­graph 1 let­ter a by the au­thor or his heirs is not sub­ject to fed­er­al su­per­vi­sion.


1 In­ser­ted by No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).
2 Amended by No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).

Chapter 2 Authorisation

Art. 41 Principle

Any per­son who ex­ploits rights which are sub­ject to fed­er­al su­per­vi­sion re­quires au­thor­isa­tion from the Swiss Fed­er­al In­sti­tute of In­tel­lec­tu­al Prop­erty (IPI)1.


1 Name in ac­cord­ance with An­nex No 3 of the Fed­er­al Act of 21 June 2013, in force since 1 Jan. 2017 (AS 2015 3631; BBl 2009 8533). This modi­fic­a­tion has been made throughout the text.

Art. 42 Requirements

1Au­thor­isa­tion is only giv­en to col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions which:

a.
have been foun­ded un­der Swiss law, are dom­i­ciled in Switzer­land and con­duct their busi­ness from Switzer­land;
b.
have the man­age­ment of copy­right or re­lated rights as their primary pur­pose;
c.
are open to all hold­ers of rights;
d.
grant an ap­pro­pri­ate right of par­ti­cip­a­tion in the de­cisions of the so­ci­ety to au­thors and per­formers;
e.
guar­an­tee com­pli­ance with the stat­utory pro­vi­sions, in par­tic­u­lar in terms of their art­icles of as­so­ci­ation;
f.
give rise to the ex­pect­a­tion of the ef­fect­ive and eco­nom­ic ex­ploit­a­tion of rights.

2 In gen­er­al, au­thor­isa­tion is only gran­ted to a single col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tion per cat­egory of work and to a single col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tion for re­lated rights.

Art. 43 Term; publication

1Au­thor­isa­tion is gran­ted for five years; on ex­piry, it may be re­newed for the same term.

2No­tice of the grant­ing, re­new­al, modi­fic­a­tion, with­draw­al and non-re­new­al of such au­thor­isa­tion shall be pub­lished.

Chapter 3 Obligations of the Collective Rights Management Organisations

Art. 44 Obligation to administer rights

The col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions have an ob­lig­a­tion to the hold­ers of rights to as­sert those rights that fall with­in their field of activ­ity.

Art. 45 Principles of the conduct of business

1The col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions are re­quired to con­duct their busi­ness in ac­cord­ance with prop­er busi­ness man­age­ment prin­ciples.

2They ad­min­is­ter the rights in ac­cord­ance with set rules and with the prin­ciple of equal treat­ment.

3They may not aim to make a profit.

4They shall con­clude, wherever pos­sible, re­cip­roc­al agree­ments with for­eign col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions.

Art. 46 Tariffs

1The col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions shall draw up tar­iffs for the re­mu­ner­a­tion that they col­lect.

2They ne­go­ti­ate the terms of each tar­iff with the rel­ev­ant as­so­ci­ations of users.

3They shall sub­mit the tar­iffs to the Fed­er­al Ar­bit­ra­tion Com­mis­sion (Art. 55) for ap­prov­al and shall pub­lish the ap­proved tar­iffs.

Art. 47 Joint tariff

1Where more than one col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tion op­er­ates in the same field of use, they shall draw up a joint tar­iff ap­ply­ing uni­form prin­ciples for use of the same works or per­form­ances and shall des­ig­nate one of their num­ber as the joint of­fice for pay­ment.

2The Fed­er­al Coun­cil may en­act fur­ther pro­vi­sions con­cern­ing their col­lab­or­a­tion.

Art. 48 Principles of distribution

1The col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions are re­quired to draw up dis­tribution reg­u­la­tions and to sub­mit them to the su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity (Art. 52 para. 1) for ap­prov­al.

2With the ap­prov­al of the su­preme or­gan of the rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tion, a por­tion of the pro­ceeds may be used for so­cial wel­fare pur­poses and for the ap­pro­pri­ate pro­mo­tion of cul­ture.

Art. 49 Distribution of the proceeds

1The col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions must dis­trib­ute the ex­ploit­a­tion pro­ceeds in pro­por­tion to the rev­en­ue de­rived from the in­di­vidu­al works and per­form­ances. They must make all reas­on­able ef­forts to identi­fy those who are en­titled to a share of the pro­ceeds.

2If a dis­tri­bu­tion en­tails un­reas­on­able ex­pense, the col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions may es­tim­ate the ex­tent of rev­en­ue; the es­tim­ates are based on factors that are cap­able of veri­fic­a­tion and are ap­pro­pri­ate.

3The pro­ceeds are di­vided between the ori­gin­al hold­ers of rights and oth­er en­titled per­sons in such a way that an equit­able share goes to the au­thor and the per­former. A dif­fer­ent dis­tri­bu­tion is per­miss­ible where the ex­pense would be un­reas­on­able.

4Con­trac­tu­al agree­ments made by the ori­gin­al hold­ers of rights with third parties take pre­ced­ence over the rules of dis­tri­bu­tion.

Art. 50 Obligation to provide information and render account

The col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions must provide the su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity with all the in­form­a­tion and doc­u­ments ne­ces­sary for car­ry­ing out its su­per­vis­ory du­ties, and also provide ac­count of its activ­it­ies in an an­nu­al re­port.

Chapter 4 Obligation to Provide Information to Collective Rights Management Organisations

Art. 51

1Where it may reas­on­ably be ex­pec­ted, the users of works must provide the col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions with all the ne­ces­sary in­form­a­tion for the de­term­in­a­tion and ap­plic­a­tion of the tar­iffs and for dis­trib­ut­ing the pro­ceeds.

2The col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions are ob­liged to pre­serve trade secrets.

Chapter 5 Supervision of the Collective Rights Management Organisations

Section 1 Supervision of the Conduct of Business

Art. 52 Supervisory authority

1The IPI (su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity) su­per­vises the col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions.

21


1 Re­pealed by No 1 of the Fed­er­al Act of 5 Oct. 2007, with ef­fect from 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2421; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 53 Extent of supervision

1The su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity su­per­vises the con­duct of busi­ness of the col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions and en­sures that they com­ply with their ob­lig­a­tions. It ex­am­ines and ap­proves their an­nu­al re­ports.

2It may is­sue dir­ect­ives con­cern­ing the ob­lig­a­tion to provide in­form­a­tion (Art. 50).

3It may also call on agents not be­long­ing to the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­tra­tion to ex­er­cise its powers; such agents are bound by a duty of con­fid­en­ti­al­ity.

Art. 54 Measures in cases of failure to comply with obligations

1If a col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tion fails to com­ply with its ob­lig­a­tions, the su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity shall set an ap­pro­pri­ate time lim­it in which the situ­ation must be remedied; if the time lim­it is not com­plied with, the su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity shall take ne­ces­sary meas­ures.

2In the event of re­fus­al to com­ply with its de­cisions, the su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity may, after is­su­ing a warn­ing, re­strict or with­draw au­thor­isa­tion.

3The su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity may pub­lish fi­nal de­cisions at the ex­pense of the col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tion.

Section 2 Supervision of Tariffs

Art. 55 Federal Arbitration Commission for the Exploitation of Copyrights and Related Rights

1The Fed­er­al Ar­bit­ra­tion Com­mis­sion for the Ex­ploit­a­tion of Copy­rights and Re­lated Rights (Ar­bit­ra­tion Com­mis­sion) is re­spons­ible for ap­prov­ing the tar­iffs of the col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions (Art. 46).

2Its mem­bers are ap­poin­ted by the Fed­er­al Coun­cil. It reg­u­lates the or­gan­isa­tion and pro­ced­ures of the Ar­bit­ra­tion Com­mis­sion in ac­cord­ance with the Ad­min­is­trat­ive Pro­ced­ure Act of 20 Decem­ber 19681.

3The Ar­bit­ra­tion Com­mis­sion ac­cepts no dir­ect­ives in tak­ing its de­cisions; the staff of the Sec­ret­ari­at of the Com­mis­sion are an­swer­able for such activ­ity to the Chair­man of the Com­mis­sion.


Art. 56 Composition of the Arbitration Commission

1The Ar­bit­ra­tion Com­mis­sion con­sists of a chair­man, two co-ar­bit­rat­ors, two depu­ties as well as ad­di­tion­al ar­bit­rat­ors.

2The ad­di­tion­al ar­bit­rat­ors are nom­in­ated by the col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions and the rel­ev­ant as­so­ci­ations of users of works and per­form­ances.

Art. 57 Quorum for taking decisions

1 The Ar­bit­ra­tion Com­mis­sion takes its de­cisions with a quor­um of five mem­bers: the chair­man, two co-ar­bit­rat­ors and two ad­di­tion­al ar­bit­rat­ors.

2 The chair­man des­ig­nates the two ad­di­tion­al ar­bit­rat­ors for each item of busi­ness, who must be com­pet­ent in the mat­ter at hand. One of the ad­di­tion­al ar­bit­rat­ors is des­ig­nated on a nom­in­a­tion by the col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions and one on a nom­in­a­tion by the users' as­so­ci­ations.

3 The fact that a tech­nic­ally com­pet­ent mem­ber be­longs to a col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tion or to a users' as­so­ci­ation does not in it­self con­sti­tute grounds for his re­cus­al.

Art. 58 Administrative supervision

1The Fed­er­al De­part­ment of Justice and Po­lice is the ad­min­is­trat­ive su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity for the Ar­bit­ra­tion Com­mis­sion.

2The Ar­bit­ra­tion Com­mis­sion shall sub­mit an an­nu­al re­port to the De­part­ment on its activ­it­ies.

Art. 59 Approval of the tariffs

1The Ar­bit­ra­tion Com­mis­sion shall ap­prove the tar­iff sub­mit­ted to it if its struc­ture and in­di­vidu­al pro­vi­sions are fair and reas­on­able.

2It may make modi­fic­a­tions after hear­ing the col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tion and the users' as­so­ci­ations (Art. 46 para. 2) in­volved in the pro­ced­ure.

3Fi­nally ap­proved tar­iffs are bind­ing on the courts.

Art. 60 Principle of equitableness

1When de­term­in­ing re­mu­ner­a­tion, ac­count is taken of:

a.
the pro­ceeds ob­tained from the use of the work, per­form­ance, phono­gram or au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tion or broad­cast, or al­tern­at­ively the costs in­curred in such use;
b.
the nature and quant­ity of the works, per­form­ances, phono­grams or au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tions or broad­casts used;
c.
the ra­tio of pro­tec­ted to un­pro­tec­ted works, per­form­ances, phono­grams or au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tions or broad­casts as well as to oth­er ser­vices.

2Re­mu­ner­a­tion nor­mally amounts to a max­im­um of ten per cent of the pro­ceeds or costs in­curred from the use of the copy­right and a max­im­um of three per cent for re­lated rights; however, it is de­term­ined in such a way that en­titled per­sons re­ceive equit­able re­mu­ner­a­tion con­di­tioned upon sound fin­an­cial man­age­ment for the ad­min­is­tra­tion of rights.

3The use of the work un­der Art­icle 19 para­graph 1 let­ter b is sub­ject to pref­er­en­tial tar­iffs.

Title 5 Legal Protection

Chapter 1 Protection under Civil Law

Art. 61 Action for declaratory judgment

Any per­son who can demon­strate a leg­al in­terest may bring an ac­tion for a de­clar­at­ory judg­ment on wheth­er or not a right or leg­al re­la­tion­ship ex­ists un­der this Act.

Art. 62 Actions for performance

1Any per­son whose copy­right or re­lated right is in­fringed or threatened may re­quest the court:

a.
to pro­hib­it an im­min­ent in­fringe­ment;
b.
to rem­edy an ex­ist­ing in­fringe­ment;
c.1
to re­quire the de­fend­ant to provide in­form­a­tion on the ori­gin and quant­ity of items in his pos­ses­sion that have been un­law­fully man­u­fac­tured or placed on the mar­ket and to name the re­cip­i­ents and dis­close the ex­tent of any dis­tri­bu­tion to com­mer­cial and in­dus­tri­al cus­tom­ers.

1bisA threat to copy­right or re­lated rights is in par­tic­u­lar present in acts men­tioned in Art­icle 39a para­graphs 1 and 3 and Art­icle 39c para­graphs 1 and 3.2

2 Ac­tions brought un­der the Code of Ob­lig­a­tions3 for dam­ages, sat­is­fac­tion and hand­ing over of profits in ac­cord­ance with the pro­vi­sions con­cern­ing agency without au­thor­ity re­main re­served.

3Any per­son who holds an ex­clus­ive li­cence is en­titled to bring a sep­ar­ate ac­tion un­less this is ex­pressly ex­cluded in the li­cence agree­ment. Any li­censees may join an in­fringe­ment ac­tion in or­der to claim for their own losses.4


1 Amended by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).
2 In­ser­ted by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).
3 SR 220
4 In­ser­ted by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).

Art. 63 Forfeiture in civil proceedings

1The court may or­der the for­feit­ure and sale or de­struc­tion of the un­law­fully man­u­fac­tured items or equip­ment, devices and oth­er means that primar­ily serve their man­u­fac­ture.1

2 The above does not ap­ply to works of ar­chi­tec­ture that have been con­struc­ted.


1 Amended by An­nex No 1 of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).

Art. 64


1 Re­pealed by An­nex I No II 9 of the Civil Pro­ced­ure Code of 19 Dec. 2008, in force since 1 Jan. 2011 (AS 2010 1739; BB1 2006 7221).

Art. 65 Preliminary measures

1 Any per­son re­quest­ing pre­lim­in­ary meas­ures may, in par­tic­u­lar, re­quest that the court or­ders meas­ures to:

a. se­cure evid­ence;

b. es­tab­lish the ori­gin of items un­law­fully man­u­fac­tured or placed on the mar­ket;

c. pre­serve the ex­ist­ing state of af­fairs;

d. pro­vi­sion­ally en­force claims for in­junct­ive re­lief and rem­edy in­fringe­ment.


1 Amended by An­nex I No II 9 of the Civil Pro­ced­ure Code of 19 Dec. 2008, in force since 1 Jan. 2011 (AS 2010 1739; BB1 2006 7221).

Art. 66 Publication of the judgment

The court may or­der, at the re­quest of the suc­cess­ful party, that the judg­ment be pub­lished at the ex­pense of the oth­er party. The court de­term­ines the form and ex­tent of the pub­lic­a­tion.

Art. 66a Notification of judgments

The courts shall provide the IPI with full of­fi­cial cop­ies of the fi­nal judg­ments free of charge.


1 In­ser­ted by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).

Chapter 2 Criminal Provisions

Art. 67 Copyright infringement

1On the com­plaint of the per­son whose rights have been in­fringed, any per­son who wil­fully and un­law­fully com­mits any of the fol­low­ing acts is li­able to a cus­todi­al sen­tence not ex­ceed­ing one year or a mon­et­ary pen­alty: 1

a.
uses a work un­der a false des­ig­na­tion or a des­ig­na­tion that dif­fers from that de­cided by the au­thor;
b.
pub­lishes a work;
c.
mod­i­fies a work;
d.
uses a work to cre­ate a de­riv­at­ive work;
e.
pro­duces cop­ies of a work in any man­ner;
f.
of­fers, trans­fers or oth­er­wise dis­trib­utes cop­ies of a work;
g.
re­cites, per­forms or presents a work or makes a work per­cept­ible some­where else either dir­ectly or with the help of any kind of me­di­um;
gbis2 makes a work avail­able through any kind of me­di­um in such a way that per­sons may ac­cess it from a place and at a time in­di­vidu­ally chosen by them;
h.
broad­casts a work by ra­dio, tele­vi­sion or sim­il­ar means, in­clud­ing by wire, or re­trans­mits a broad­cast work by means of tech­nic­al equip­ment, the op­er­at­or of which is not the ori­gin­al broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tion;
i.3
makes a work made avail­able, a broad­cast work or a re­trans­mit­ted work per­cept­ible;
k.4
re­fuses to no­ti­fy the au­thor­ity con­cerned of the ori­gin and quant­ity of items in his pos­ses­sion that have been un­law­fully man­u­fac­tured or placed on the mar­ket, and to name the re­cip­i­ents and dis­close the ex­tent of any dis­tri­bu­tion to com­mer­cial and in­dus­tri­al con­sumers;
l.
rents out a com­puter pro­gram.

2Any per­son who has com­mit­ted any act men­tioned in para­graph 1 for com­mer­cial gain shall be pro­sec­uted ex of­fi­cio. The pen­alty is a cus­todi­al sen­tence not ex­ceed­ing five years or a mon­et­ary pen­alty. The cus­todi­al sen­tence must be com­bined with a mon­et­ary pen­alty.5


1 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).
2 In­ser­ted by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).
3 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).
4 Amended by An­nex No 2 of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2251; BBl 2006 1).
5 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oc­to­ber 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 68 Omission of source

Any per­son who in­ten­tion­ally omits to in­dic­ate the source used where re­quired by stat­ute (Art­icles 25 and 28) and where the au­thor is named therein, to provide the name of the au­thor, is li­able to a fine on the com­plaint of the per­son whose rights have been in­fringed.

Art. 69 Infringement of related rights

1On the com­plaint of the per­son whose rights have been in­fringed, any per­son who wil­fully and un­law­fully com­mits any of the fol­low­ing acts is li­able to a cus­todi­al sen­tence not ex­ceed­ing one year or a mon­et­ary pen­alty: 1

a.
broad­casts the per­form­ance of a work by ra­dio, tele­vi­sion or sim­il­ar means, in­clud­ing by wire;
b.
fixes a per­form­ance of a work on blank me­dia;
c.
of­fers, trans­fers or oth­er­wise dis­trib­utes cop­ies of a per­form­ance of a work;
d.
re­trans­mits a broad­cast per­form­ance of a work by means of tech­nic­al equip­ment, the op­er­at­or of which is not the ori­gin­al broad­cast­ing or­gan­isa­tion;
e.2
makes a per­form­ance of a work made avail­able, a broad­cast per­form­ance of a work or a re­trans­mit­ted per­form­ance of a work per­cept­ible;
ebis.3
uses a per­form­ance of a work un­der a false name or un­der a name oth­er than the artist name des­ig­nated by the per­former;
eter.4
makes a per­form­ance of a work, a phono­gram or au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tion or a broad­cast avail­able through any kind of me­di­um in such a way that per­sons may ac­cess them from a place and at a time in­di­vidu­ally chosen by them;
f.
re­pro­duces a phono­gram or au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tion and of­fers, trans­fers or oth­er­wise dis­trib­utes the re­pro­duc­tions;
g.
re­trans­mits a broad­cast;
h.
fixes a broad­cast on blank me­dia;
i.
re­pro­duces a broad­cast fixed on blank me­dia or dis­trib­utes cop­ies of such re­pro­duc­tions;
k.5
re­fuses to no­ti­fy the re­spons­ible au­thor­ity con­cerned of the ori­gin and quant­ity of the car­ri­ers of a per­form­ance pro­tec­ted un­der Art­icles 33, 36 or 37 in his pos­ses­sion that have been un­law­fully man­u­fac­tured or placed on the mar­ket, or to name the re­cip­i­ents and dis­close the ex­tent of any dis­tri­bu­tion to com­mer­cial and in­dus­tri­al cus­tom­ers.

2Any per­son who has com­mit­ted any act men­tioned in para­graph 1 for com­mer­cial gain shall be pro­sec­uted ex of­fi­cio. The pen­alty is a cus­todi­al sen­tence not ex­ceed­ing five years or a mon­et­ary pen­alty. The cus­todi­al sen­tence must be com­bined with a mon­et­ary pen­alty.6


1 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BB1 2006 3389).
2 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).
3 In­ser­ted by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).
4 In­ser­ted by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).
5 Amended by An­nex No 1 of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).
6 Amended by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 69a Offences relating to technical protection measures and to rights- management information

1On the com­plaint of the per­son whose pro­tec­tion has been vi­ol­ated, any per­son who wil­fully and un­law­fully com­mits any of the fol­low­ing acts is li­able to a mon­et­ary pen­alty:

a.
cir­cum­vents ef­fect­ive tech­no­lo­gic­al meas­ures un­der Art­icle 39 para­graph 2 with the in­ten­tion of il­leg­ally us­ing works or oth­er pro­tec­ted sub­ject-mat­ter;
b.
man­u­fac­tures, im­ports, of­fers, trans­fers or oth­er­wise dis­trib­utes, rents, gives or ad­vert­ises for use, or pos­sesses for com­mer­cial pur­poses devices, products or com­pon­ents, or provides ser­vices which:
1.
are the sub­ject-mat­ter of sales pro­mo­tion, ad­vert­ising or mar­ket­ing with the goal of cir­cum­vent­ing ef­fect­ive tech­no­lo­gic­al meas­ures,
2.
have only a lim­ited com­mer­cially sig­ni­fic­ant pur­pose or use oth­er than the cir­cum­ven­tion of ef­fect­ive tech­no­lo­gic­al meas­ures, or
3.
are primar­ily de­signed, man­u­fac­tured, ad­ap­ted or per­formed for the pur­pose of en­abling or fa­cil­it­at­ing the cir­cum­ven­tion of ef­fect­ive tech­no­lo­gic­al meas­ures;
c.
re­moves or al­ters elec­tron­ic rights man­age­ment in­form­a­tion on copy­right and re­lated rights un­der Art­icle 39c para­graph 2;
d.
re­pro­duces, im­ports, of­fers, trans­fers or oth­er­wise dis­trib­utes, broad­casts or makes per­cept­ible or avail­able works or oth­er pro­tec­ted sub­ject-mat­ter on which elec­tron­ic rights man­age­ment in­form­a­tion un­der Art­icles 39c para­graph 2 have been re­moved or altered.

2Any per­son who has com­mit­ted any act men­tioned in para­graph 1 for com­mer­cial gain shall be pro­sec­uted ex of­fi­cio. The pen­alty is a cus­todi­al sen­tence not ex­ceed­ing one year or a mon­et­ary pen­alty.

3Acts un­der para­graph 1 let­ter c and d are only li­able to pro­sec­u­tion where they are car­ried out by a per­son who is known or, un­der the cir­cum­stances, should be known, for in­stig­at­ing, en­abling, fa­cil­it­at­ing or con­ceal­ing in­fringe­ments of copy­right or re­lated rights.


1 In­ser­ted by Art. 2 of the Fed­er­al De­cree of 5 Oct. 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2497; BBl 2006 3389).

Art. 70 Unauthorised assertion of rights

Any per­son who, without the re­quired au­thor­isa­tion (Art. 41), as­serts copy­right or re­lated rights, the ex­ploit­a­tion of which is sub­ject to fed­er­al su­per­vi­sion (Art. 40), is li­able to a fine.


1 Amended by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).

Art. 71 Offences in business activities

Art­icles 6 and 7 of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 March 19741 on Ad­min­is­trat­ive Crim­in­al Law ap­ply to of­fences com­mit­ted in busi­ness activ­it­ies by agents or sim­il­ar per­sons.


1 SR 313.0

Art. 72 Forfeiture in criminal proceedings

Works of ar­chi­tec­ture that have been con­struc­ted may not be for­feited un­der Art­icle 69 of the Swiss Crim­in­al Code2.


1 Amended by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).
2 SR 311.0

Art. 73 Prosecution

1Pro­sec­u­tion is the re­spons­ib­il­ity of the can­tons.

2Of­fences un­der Art­icle 70 are pro­sec­uted and judged by the IPI in ac­cord­ance with the Fed­er­al Act of 22 March 19741 on Ad­min­is­trat­ive Crim­in­al Law.


1 SR 313.0

Chapter 3 Appeals to the Federal Administrative Court

Art. 74

1Ap­peals against de­cisions of the su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity and the Ar­bit­ra­tion Com­mis­sion may be brought be­fore the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court.

2Ap­peals against de­cisions by the Ar­bit­ra­tion Com­mis­sion only have sus­pens­ive ef­fect if the in­struct­ing judge of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court so or­ders ex of­fi­cio or in re­sponse to an ap­plic­a­tion by a party.

Chapter 4 Assistance Provided by the Customs Administration

Art. 75 Notification of suspicious goods

1The Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion is au­thor­ised to no­ti­fy the own­ers of copy­right or re­lated rights as well as the au­thor­ised col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions if there is any sus­pi­cion that goods the dis­tri­bu­tion of which would vi­ol­ate le­gis­la­tion ap­plic­able in Switzer­land on copy­right or re­lated rights may im­min­ently be brought in­to or taken out of Swiss cus­toms ter­rit­ory.2

2In such cases, the Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion is au­thor­ised to with­hold the goods for three work­ing days in or­der that the per­sons en­titled may file an ap­plic­a­tion in ac­cord­ance with Art­icle 76 para­graph 1.


1 Amended by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).
2 Amended by An­nex No 3 of the Fed­er­al Act of 21 June 2013, in force since 1 Jan. 2017 (AS 2015 3631; BBl 2009 8533).

Art. 76 Application for assistance

1If own­ers or li­censees of copy­right or re­lated rights en­titled to in­sti­tute pro­ceed­ings or an au­thor­ised col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tion have clear in­dic­a­tions that goods the dis­tri­bu­tion of which would vi­ol­ate le­gis­la­tion ap­plic­able in Switzer­land on copy­right or re­lated rights may im­min­ently be brought in­to or taken out of Swiss cus­toms ter­rit­ory, they may re­quest the Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion in writ­ing to re­fuse the re­lease of the goods.1

2The ap­plic­ants must provide all the rel­ev­ant in­form­a­tion avail­able to them that is re­quired by the Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion in or­der to de­cide on the ap­plic­a­tion. In par­tic­u­lar, they shall provide a pre­cise de­scrip­tion of the goods.

3The Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion makes the fi­nal de­cision on the ap­plic­a­tion. It may charge a fee to cov­er the ad­min­is­trat­ive costs.2


1 Amended by An­nex No 3 of the Fed­er­al Act of 21 June 2013, in force since 1 Jan. 2017 (AS 2015 3631; BBl 2009 8533).
2 Amended by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).

Art. 77 Withholding of goods

1If the Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion, as a res­ult of an ap­plic­a­tion un­der Art­icle 76 para­graph 1, has grounds to sus­pect that cer­tain goods that vi­ol­ate le­gis­la­tion ap­plic­able in Switzer­land on copy­right or re­lated rights may be brought in­to or taken out of Swiss cus­toms ter­rit­ory, then it shall no­ti­fy the ap­plic­ant and the de­clar­ant, hold­er or own­er of the goods ac­cord­ingly.2

2The Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion shall with­hold the goods for a max­im­um of ten work­ing days from the time of no­ti­fic­a­tion pur­su­ant to para­graph 1 so that the ap­plic­ant may ob­tain pre­lim­in­ary meas­ures.

3Where jus­ti­fied by the cir­cum­stances, it may with­hold the goods for a max­im­um of ten ad­di­tion­al work­ing days.


1 Amended by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).
2 Amended by An­nex No 3 of the Fed­er­al Act of 21 June 2013, in force since 1 Jan. 2017 (AS 2015 3631; BBl 2009 8533).

Art. 77a Samples

1At the same time as no­ti­fic­a­tion is made in ac­cord­ance with Art­icle 77 para­graph 1, the Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion shall in­form the de­clar­ant, hold­er or own­er of the goods of the pos­sible han­dover of samples or the op­por­tun­ity to in­spect them in ac­cord­ance with Art­icle 77a para­graph 1.

2The de­clar­ant, hold­er or own­er may re­quest to be present at the in­spec­tion in or­der to safe­guard his man­u­fac­tur­ing or trade secrets.

3The Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion may re­fuse to hand over samples on a reasoned re­quest from the de­clar­ant, hold­er or own­er.


1 In­ser­ted by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).

Art. 77c Application for destruction of the goods

1When mak­ing an ap­plic­a­tion un­der Art­icle 76 para­graph 1, the ap­plic­ant may sub­mit a writ­ten re­quest for the Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion to des­troy the goods.

2If an ap­plic­a­tion for de­struc­tion is made, the Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion shall no­ti­fy the de­clar­ant, hold­er or own­er of the goods ac­cord­ingly as part of the no­ti­fic­a­tion made un­der Art­icle 77 para­graph 1.

3The ap­plic­a­tion for de­struc­tion does not res­ult in the time lim­its for ob­tain­ing pre­lim­in­ary meas­ures un­der Art­icle 77 para­graphs 2 and 3 be­ing ex­ten­ded.


1 In­ser­ted by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).

Art. 77d Consent

1The de­struc­tion of the goods re­quires the con­sent of the de­clar­ant, hold­er or own­er.

2Con­sent is deemed to be giv­en if the de­clar­ant, hold­er or own­er does not ex­pressly ob­ject to the de­struc­tion with­in the time lim­its giv­en un­der Art­icle 77 para­graphs 2 and 3.


1 In­ser­ted by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).

Art. 77e Evidence

Be­fore the de­struc­tion of the goods, the Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion shall re­move samples and hold them in safe­keep­ing as evid­ence in any ac­tions for dam­ages.


1 In­ser­ted by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).

Art. 77f Damages

1If the de­struc­tion of the goods proves to be un­jus­ti­fied, the ap­plic­ant is ex­clus­ively li­able for the res­ult­ant loss.

2If the de­clar­ant, hold­er or own­er has giv­en ex­press writ­ten con­sent for the de­struc­tion, no claims for dam­ages may be made against the ap­plic­ant if the de­struc­tion later proves to be un­jus­ti­fied.


1 In­ser­ted by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).

Art. 77g Costs

1The de­struc­tion of the goods is car­ried out at the ex­pense of the ap­plic­ant.

2The costs for col­lect­ing and safe­keep­ing samples un­der Art­icle 77e are de­cided by the court in con­nec­tion with the as­sess­ment of claims for dam­ages in ac­cord­ance with Art­icle 77f para­graph 1.


1 In­ser­ted by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).

Art. 77h Accountability statement and damages

1If it is an­ti­cip­ated that with­hold­ing the goods may lead to a loss be­ing in­curred, the Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion may make the with­hold­ing of the goods de­pend­ent on the ap­plic­ant provid­ing them with an ac­count­ab­il­ity state­ment. As an al­tern­at­ive to this state­ment and where jus­ti­fied by the cir­cum­stances, the Cus­toms Ad­min­is­tra­tion may re­quest the ap­plic­ant to provide ap­pro­pri­ate se­cur­ity.

2The ap­plic­ant is li­able for any losses in­curred from with­hold­ing the goods and from col­lect­ing the samples if pre­lim­in­ary meas­ures are not ordered or prove to be un­jus­ti­fied.


1 In­ser­ted by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).

Title 6 Final Provisions

Chapter 1 Implementation and Repeal of Current Legislation

Art. 78 Implementing provisions

The Fed­er­al Coun­cil en­acts the im­ple­ment­ing pro­vi­sions.

Art. 79 Repeal of federal legislation

The fol­low­ing are re­pealed:

a.
the Fed­er­al Act of 7 Decem­ber 19221 on Copy­right in Lit­er­ary and Artist­ic Works.
b.
the Fed­er­al Act of 25 Septem­ber 19402 on the Col­lec­tion of Copy­right Roy­al­ties.

1 [BS 2 817; AS 1955 855]
2 [BS 2 834]

Chapter 2 Transitional Provisions

Art. 80 Subject-matter already protected

1This Act also ap­plies to works, per­form­ances, phono­grams and au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tions and broad­casts cre­ated pri­or to its com­mence­ment.

2Where the use of a work, per­form­ance, phono­gram, au­dio-visu­al fix­a­tion or broad­cast that is un­law­ful un­der this Act was pre­vi­ously per­mit­ted, it may be com­pleted if be­gun pri­or to the com­mence­ment of this Act.

Art. 81 Existing contracts

1Con­tracts con­cern­ing copy­right or re­lated rights con­cluded pri­or to the com­mence­ment of this Act and de­cisions is­sued on the basis of such con­tracts re­main in ef­fect in ac­cord­ance with the pre­vi­ous law.

2Un­less oth­er­wise agreed, such con­tracts do not ap­ply to rights first cre­ated by this Act.

Art. 81a Licensees' right of action

Art­icle 62 para­graph 3 and Art­icle 65 para­graph 5 ap­ply only to li­cence agree­ments that have been con­cluded or con­firmed after the Amend­ment to this Act dated 22 June 2007 comes in­to force.


1 In­ser­ted by An­nex No I of the Fed­er­al Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2008 (AS 2008 2551; BBl 2006 1).

Art. 82 Authorisation for the exploitation of copyright

The col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions au­thor­ised un­der the Fed­er­al Act of 25 Septem­ber 19401 on the Col­lec­tion of Copy­right Roy­al­ties must re­quest reau­thor­isa­tion (Art. 41) with­in six months of the com­mence­ment of this Act.


1 [BS 2 834]

Art. 83 Tariffs

1Tar­iffs of the au­thor­ised col­lect­ive rights man­age­ment or­gan­isa­tions that were ap­proved un­der the pre­vi­ous law re­main in force un­til their term of valid­ity ex­pires.

2Re­mu­ner­a­tion un­der Art­icles 13, 20 and 35 be­comes due on the com­mence­ment of this Act; it may be claimed from the time the cor­res­pond­ing tar­iff is ap­proved.

Chapter 3 Referendum and Commencement

Art. 84

1This Act is sub­ject to an op­tion­al ref­er­en­dum.

2The Fed­er­al Coun­cil shall de­term­ine the com­mence­ment date.

A:
AHVG Bundesgesetz über die Alters- und Hinterlassenenversicherung
AHVV Verordnung über die Alters- und Hinterlassenenversicherung
AIG Bundesgesetz über die Ausländerinnen und Ausländer und über die Integration
AVIG Bundesgesetz über die obligatorische Arbeitslosenversicherung und die Insolvenzentschädigung
AVO Verordnung über die Beaufsichtigung von privaten Versicherungsunternehmen
AVO-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Beaufsichtigung von privaten Versicherungsunternehmen
AdoV Verordnung über die Adoption
ArG Bundesgesetz über die Arbeit in Industrie, Gewerbe und Handel
ArGV 1 Verordnung 1 zum Arbeitsgesetz
AsylG Asylgesetz
B:
BBG Bundesgesetzüber die Berufsbildung
BEG Bundesgesetz über Bucheffekten
BEHG Bundesgesetz über die Börsen und den Effektenhandel
BEHV Verordnung über die Börsen und den Effektenhandel
BG-HAÜ Bundesgesetz zum Haager Adoptionsübereinkommen und über Massnahmen zum Schutz des Kindes bei internationalen Adoptionen
BG-KKE Bundesgesetz über internationale Kindesentführung und die Haager Übereinkommen zum Schutz von Kindern und Erwachsenen
BGBB Bundesgesetz über das bäuerliche Bodenrecht
BGFA Bundesgesetz über die Freizügigkeit der Anwältinnen und Anwälte
BGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundesgericht
BIV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Insolvenz von Banken und Effektenhändlern
BPG Bundespersonalgesetz
BPR Bundesgesetz über die politischen Rechte
BV Bundesverfassung der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft
BVG Bundesgesetz über die berufliche Alters-, Hinterlassenen- und Invalidenvorsorge
BZG Bundesgesetz über den Bevölkerungsschutz und den Zivilschutz
BankG Bundesgesetz über die Banken und Sparkassen
BankV Verordnung über die Banken und Sparkassen
BetmG Bundesgesetz über die Betäubungsmittel und die psychotropen Stoffe
BewG Bundesgesetz über den Erwerb von Grundstücken durch Personen im Ausland
BewV Verordnung über den Erwerb von Grundstücken durch Personen im Ausland
BöB Bundesgesetz über das öffentliche Beschaffungswesen
BüG Bundesgesetz über Erwerb und Verlust des Schweizer Bürgerrechts
D:
DBG Bundesgesetz über die direkte Bundessteuer
DSG Bundesgesetz über den Datenschutz
E:
EBG Eisenbahngesetz
EMRK Konvention zum Schutze der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten
EOG Bundesgesetz über den Erwerbsersatz für Dienstleistende und bei Mutterschaft
EOV Verordnung zum Erwerbsersatzgesetz
EÖBV Verordnung über die elektronische öffentliche Beurkundung
F:
FHG Bundesgesetz über den eidgenössischen Finanzhaushalt
FINMAG Bundesgesetz über die Eidgenössische Finanzmarktaufsicht
FKG Bundesgesetz über die Eidgenössische Finanzkontrolle
FMedG Bundesgesetz über die medizinisch unterstützte Fortpflanzung
FZG Bundesgesetz über die Freizügigkeit in der beruflichen Alters-, Hinterlassenen- und Invalidenvorsorge
FinfraG Bundesgesetz über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FinfraV Verordnung über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FinfraV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FusG Bundesgesetz über Fusion, Spaltung, Umwandlung und Vermögensübertragung
G:
GBV Grundbuchverordnung
GSG Bundesgesetz über die von der Schweiz als Gaststaat gewährten Vorrechte, Immunitäten und Erleichterungen sowie finanziellen Beiträge
GUMG Bundesgesetz über genetische Untersuchungen beim Menschen
GeBüV Verordnung über die Führung und Aufbewahrung der Geschäftsbücher
GebV SchKG Gebührenverordnung zum Bundesgesetz über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
GlG Bundesgesetz über die Gleichstellung von Frau und Mann
H:
HEsÜ Übereinkommen über den internationalen Schutz von Erwachsenen
HKsÜ Übereinkommen
HRegV Handelsregisterverordnung
I:
IPRG Bundesgesetz über das Internationale Privatrecht
J:
JStG Bundesgesetz über das Jugendstrafrecht
JStPO Schweizerische Jugendstrafprozessordnung
K:
KAG Bundesgesetz über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KAKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über den Konkurs von kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KG Bundesgesetz über Kartelle und andere Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen
KKV Verordnung über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KOV Verordnung über die Geschäftsführung der Konkursämter (KOV)
KVG Bundesgesetz über die Krankenversicherung
L:
LVG Bundesgesetz über die wirtschaftliche Landesversorgung
LugÜ Übereinkommen über die gerichtliche Zuständigkeit und die Anerkennung und Vollstreckung von Entscheidungen in Zivil- und Handelssachen
M:
MSchG Bundesgesetz über den Schutz von Marken und Herkunftsangaben
MStG Militärstrafgesetz
MWSTG Bundesgesetz über die Mehrwertsteuer
MWSTV Mehrwertsteuerverordnung
O:
OAV-SchKG Verordnung betreffend die Oberaufsicht über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
OHG Bundesgesetz über die Hilfe an Opfer von Straftaten
OR Bundesgesetz betreffend die Ergänzung des Schweizerischen Zivilgesetzbuches (Fünfter Teil: Obligationenrecht)
P:
PAVO Verordnung über die Aufnahme von Pflegekindern
PBV Verordnung über die Bekanntgabe von Preisen
ParlG Bundesgesetz über die Bundesversammlung
PartG Bundesgesetz über die eingetragene Partnerschaft gleichgeschlechtlicher Paare
PatGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundespatentgericht
PfG Pfandbriefgesetz
PrHG Bundesgesetz über die Produktehaftpflicht
PüG Preisüberwachungsgesetz
R:
RAG Bundesgesetz über die Zulassung und Beaufsichtigung der Revisorinnen und Revisoren
S:
SVG Strassenverkehrsgesetz
SVKG Verordnung über die Sanktionen bei unzulässigen Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen
SchKG Bundesgesetz über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
StBOG Bundesgesetz über die Organisation der Strafbehörden des Bundes
StG Bundesgesetz über die Stempelabgaben
StGB Schweizerisches Strafgesetzbuch
StHG Bundesgesetz über die Harmonisierung der direkten Steuern der Kantone und Gemeinden
StPO Schweizerische Strafprozessordnung
StV Verordnung über die Stempelabgaben
SuG Bundesgesetz über Finanzhilfen und Abgeltungen
U:
URG Bundesgesetz über das Urheberrecht und verwandte Schutzrechte
URV Verordnung über das Urheberrecht und verwandte Schutzrechte
UVG Bundesgesetz über die Unfallversicherung
UVV Verordnung über die Unfallversicherung
UWG Bundesgesetz gegen den unlauteren Wettbewerb
V:
VAG Bundesgesetz betreffend die Aufsicht über Versicherungsunternehmen
VASR Verordnung über die anerkannten Standards zur Rechnungslegung
VBB Verordnung über das bäuerliche Bodenrecht
VBVV Verordnung über die Vermögensverwaltung im Rahmen einer Beistandschaft oder Vormundschaft
VDSG Verordnung zum Bundesgesetz über den Datenschutz
VG Bundesgesetz über die Verantwortlichkeit des Bundes sowie seiner Behördemitglieder und Beamten
VGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundesverwaltungsgericht
VKA Verordnung über die Katastrophenhilfe im Ausland
VKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über den Konkurs von Versicherungsunternehmen
VPAV Verordnung betreffend die Pfändung, Arrestierung und Verwertung von Versicherungsansprüchen nach dem Bundesgesetz vom 2. April 1908 über den Versicherungsvertrag
VStG Bundesgesetz über die Verrechnungssteuer
VStV Verordnung über die Verrechnungssteuer
VStrR Bundesgesetz über das Verwaltungsstrafrecht
VVAG Verordnung über die Pfändung und Verwertung von Anteilen an Gemeinschaftsvermögen
VVG Bundesgesetz über den Versicherungsvertrag
VZG Verordnung des Bundesgerichts über die Zwangsverwertung von Grundstücken
VegüV Verordnung gegen übermässige Vergütungen bei börsenkotierten Aktiengesellschaften
VeÜ-ZSSV Verordnung über die elektronische Übermittlung im Rahmen von Zivil- und Strafprozessen sowie von Schuldbetreibungs- und Konkursverfahren
VwVG Bundesgesetz über das Verwaltungsverfahren
VüKU Verordnung über die Kontrolle von Unternehmenszusammenschlüssen
VüS Verordnung über das Strafregister
W:
WG Bundesgesetz über Waffen, Waffenzubehör und Munition
Z:
ZG Zollgesetz
ZGB Schweizerisches Zivilgesetzbuch
ZPO Schweizerische Zivilprozessordnung
ZStV Zivilstandsverordnung
ZTG Zolltarifgesetz
Ü:
ÜbZ Übereinkunft betreffend Zivilprozessrecht
ÜüAVaS Übereinkommen über die Anerkennung und Vollstreckung ausländischer Schiedssprüche
ÜüRK Übereinkommen über die Rechte des Kindes
ÜüSKZGIA Übereinkommen über den Schutz von Kindern und die Zusammenarbeit auf dem Gebiet der Internationalen Adoption
ÜüiZR Übereinkommen über den internationalen Zugang zur Rechtspflege
ÜüzAiK Übereinkommen über die zivilrechtlichen Aspekte internationaler Kindesentführung
C:
CC Code civil suisse
CEDH Convention de sauvegarde des droits de l'homme et des libertés fondamentales
CL Convention concernant la compétence judiciaire, la reconnaissance et l'exécution des décisions en matière civile et commerciale
CLaH 2000 Convention sur la protection internationale des adultes
CLaH 96 Convention
CO Loi fédérale complétant le Code civil suisse
CP Code pénal suisse
CPC Code de procédure civile
CPM Code pénal militaire
CPP Code de procédure pénale suisse
Caclid Convention sur les aspects civils de l'enlèvement international d'enfants
Cpecmdi Convention sur la protection des enfants et la coopération en matière d'adoption internationale
Cprlsaé Convention pour la reconnaissance et l'exécution des sentences arbitrales étrangères
Crdl Convention relative aux droits de l'enfant
Crpc Convention relative à la procédure civile
Cst. Constitution fédérale de la Confédération suisse
Ctflij Convention tendant à faciliter l'accès international à la justice
D:
DPA Loi fédérale sur le droit pénal administratif
DPMin Loi fédérale régissant la condition pénale des mineurs
L:
LAA Loi fédérale sur l'assurance-accidents
LACI Loi fédérale sur l'assurance-chômage obligatoire et l'indemnité en cas d'insolvabilité
LAGH Loi fédérale sur l'analyse génétique humaine
LAMal Loi fédérale sur l'assurance-maladie
LAP Loi fédérale sur l'approvisionnement économique du pays
LAPG Loi fédérale sur les allocations pour perte de gain en cas de service et de maternité
LAVI Loi fédérale sur l'aide aux victimes d'infractions
LAVS Loi fédérale sur l'assurance-vieillesse et survivants
LArm Loi fédérale sur les armes, les accessoires d'armes et les munitions
LAsi Loi sur l'asile
LB Loi fédérale sur les banques et les caisses d'épargne
LBVM Loi fédérale sur les bourses et le commerce des valeurs mobilières
LCA Loi fédérale sur le contrat d'assurance
LCD Loi fédérale contre la concurrence déloyale
LCF Loi fédérale sur le Contrôle fédéral des finances
LCR Loi fédérale sur la circulation routière
LCart Loi fédérale sur les cartels et autres restrictions à la concurrence
LCdF Loi fédérale sur les chemins de fer
LD Loi sur les douanes
LDA Loi fédérale sur le droit d'auteur et les droits voisins
LDFR Loi fédérale sur le droit foncier rural
LDIP Loi fédérale sur le droit international privé
LDP Loi fédérale sur les droits politiques
LEH Loi fédérale sur les privilèges, les immunités et les facilités, ainsi que sur les aides financières accordés par la Suisse en tant qu'Etat hôte
LEI Loi fédérale sur les étrangers et l'intégration
LEg Loi fédérale sur l'égalité entre femmes et hommes
LF-CLaH Loi fédérale relative à la Convention de La Haye sur l'adoption et aux mesures de protection de l'enfant en cas d'adoption internationale
LF-EEA Loi fédérale sur l'enlèvement international d'enfants et les Conventions de La Haye sur la protection des enfants et des adultes
LFAIE Loi fédérale sur l'acquisition d'immeubles par des personnes à l'étranger
LFC Loi sur les finances de la Confédération
LFINMA Loi sur l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers
LFLP Loi fédérale sur le libre passage dans la prévoyance professionnelle vieillesse, survivants et invalidité
LFPr Loi fédérale sur la formation professionnelle
LFus Loi fédérale sur la fusion, la scission, la transformation et le transfert de patrimoine
LHID Loi fédérale sur l'harmonisation des impôts directs des cantons et des communes
LIA Loi fédérale sur l'impôt anticipé (LIA)
LIFD Loi fédérale sur l'impôt fédéral direct
LIMF Loi fédérale sur les infrastructures des marchés financiers et le comportement sur le marché en matière de négociation de valeurs mobilières et de dérivés*
LLCA Loi fédérale sur la libre circulation des avocats
LLG Loi sur l'émission de lettres de gage
LMP Loi fédérale sur les marchés publics
LN Loi fédérale sur l'acquisition et la perte de la nationalité suisse
LOAP Loi fédérale sur l'organisation des autorités pénales de la Confédération
LP Loi fédérale sur la poursuite pour dettes et la faillite
LPCC Loi fédérale sur les placements collectifs de capitaux*
LPD Loi fédérale sur la protection des données
LPM Loi fédérale sur la protection des marques et des indications de provenance
LPMA Loi fédérale sur la procréation médicalement assistée*
LPP Loi fédérale sur la prévoyance professionnelle vieillesse, survivants et invalidité
LPPCi Loi fédérale sur la protection de la population et sur la protection civile
LParl Loisur l'Assemblée fédérale
LPart Loi fédérale sur le partenariat enregistré entre personnes du même sexe
LPers Loi sur le personnel de la Confédération
LRCF Loi fédérale sur la responsabilité de la Confédération, des membres de ses autorités et de ses fonctionnaires
LRFP Loi fédérale sur la responsabilité du fait des produits
LSA Loi fédérale sur la surveillance des entreprises d'assurance
LSPr Loi fédérale concernant la surveillance des prix
LSR Loi fédérale sur l'agrément et la surveillance des réviseurs
LStup Loi fédérale sur les stupéfiants et les substances psychotropes
LSu Loi fédérale sur les aides financières et les indemnités
LT Loi fédérale sur les droits de timbre
LTAF Loi sur le Tribunal administratif fédéral
LTF Loi sur le Tribunal fédéral
LTFB Loi<em></em>sur le Tribunal fédéral des brevets
LTI Loi fédérale sur les titres intermédiés
LTVA Loi fédérale régissant la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée
LTaD Loi sur le tarif des douanes
LTr Loi fédérale sur le travail dans l'industrie, l'artisanat et le commerce
O:
OAAE Ordonnance sur l'acte authentique électronique
OACata Ordonnance sur l'aide en cas de catastrophe à l'étranger
OAIE Ordonnance sur l'acquisition d'immeubles par des personnes à l'étranger
OAOF Ordonnance sur l'administration des offices de faillite
OAdo Ordonnance sur l'adoption
OB Ordonnance sur les banques et les caisses d'épargne
OBVM Ordonnance sur les bourses et le commerce des valeurs mobilières
OCEl-PCPP Ordonnance sur la communication électronique dans le cadre de procédures civiles et pénales et de procédures en matière de poursuite pour dettes et de faillite
ODAu Ordonnance sur le droit d'auteur et les droits voisins
ODFR Ordonnance sur le droit foncier rural
OEC Ordonnance sur l'état civil
OELP Ordonnance sur les émoluments perçus en application de la loi fédérale sur la poursuite pour dettes et la faillite
OFA-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur la faillite des entreprises d'assurance
OFPC-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur la faillite de placements collectifs de capitaux
OGPCT Ordonnance sur la gestion du patrimoine dans le cadre d'une curatelle ou d'une tutelle
OHS-LP Ordonnance relative à la haute surveillance en matière de poursuite et de faillite
OIA Ordonnance sur l'impôt anticipé
OIB-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur l'insolvabilité des banques et des négociants en valeurs mobilières
OIMF Ordonnance sur les infrastructures des marchés financiers et le comportement sur le marché en matière de négociation de valeurs mobilières et de dérivés
OIMF-FINMA Ordonnance
OIP Ordonnance sur l'indication des prix
OLAA Ordonnance sur l'assurance-accidents
OLPD Ordonnance relative à la loi fédérale sur la protection des données
OLT 1 Ordonnance 1 relative à la loi sur le travail
ONCR Ordonnance sur les normes comptables reconnues
OPC Ordonnance concernant la saisie et la réalisation de parts de communautés
OPC-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur les placements collectifs de capitaux
OPCC Ordonnance sur les placements collectifs de capitaux
OPE Ordonnance sur le placement d'enfants
ORAb Ordonnance contre les rémunérations abusives dans les sociétés anonymes cotées en bourse
ORC Ordonnance sur le registre du commerce
ORF Ordonnance sur le registre foncier
ORFI Ordonnance du Tribunal fédéral sur la réalisation forcée des immeubles
OS Ordonnance sur la surveillance des entreprises d'assurance privées
OS LCart Ordonnance sur les sanctions en cas de restrictions illicites à la concurrence
OS-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur la surveillance des entreprises d'assurance privées
OSAss Ordonnance concernant la saisie, le séquestre et la réalisation des droits découlant d'assurances d'après la loi fédérale du 2 avril 1908 sur le contrat d'assurance
OT Ordonnance sur les droits de timbre
OTVA Ordonnance régissant la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée
Occd Ordonnance sur le contrôle des concentrations d'entreprises
Ocj Ordonnance sur le casier judiciaire
Olico Ordonnance concernant la tenue et la conservation des livres de comptes
P:
PA Loi fédérale sur la procédure administrative
PPMin Loi fédérale sur la procédure pénale applicable aux mineurs
R:
RAPG Règlement sur les allocations pour perte de gain
RAVS Règlement sur l'assurance-vieillesse et survivants
C:
C Convenzione
CC Codice civile svizzero
CEDU Convenzione per la salvaguardia dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali
CLug Convenzione concernente la competenza giurisdizionale, il riconoscimento e l'esecuzione delle decisioni in materia civile e commerciale
CO Legge federale di complemento del Codice civile svizzero
CP Codice penale svizzero
CPC Codice di diritto processuale civile svizzero
CPM Codice penale militare
CPP Codice di diritto processuale penale svizzero
Ccrldsae Convenzione concernente il riconoscimento e l'esecuzione delle sentenze arbitrali estere
Cdf Convenzione sui diritti del fanciullo
Cost. Costituzione federale della Confederazione Svizzera
Crapc Convenzione relativa alla procedura civile
Csacrim Convenzione sugli aspetti civili del rapimento internazionale di minori
Cspida Convenzione sulla protezione internazionale degli adulti
Cspmscmai Convenzione sulla protezione dei minori e sulla cooperazione in materia di adozione internazionale
Cvfliag Convenzione volta a facilitare l'accesso internazionale alla giustizia
D:
DPA Legge federale sul diritto penale amministrativo
DPMin Legge federale sul diritto penale minorile
L:
LADI Legge federale sull'assicurazione obbligatoria contro la disoccupazione e l'indennità per insolvenza
LAFE Legge federale sull'acquisto di fondi da parte di persone all'estero
LAID Legge federale sull'armonizzazione delle imposte dirette dei Cantoni e dei Comuni
LAINF Legge federale sull'assicurazione contro gli infortuni
LAMal Legge federale sull'assicurazione malattie
LAP Legge federale sull'approvvigionamento economico del Paese
LAPub Legge federale sugli acquisti pubblici
LAV Legge federale concernente l'aiuto alle vittime di reati
LAVS Legge federale su l'assicurazione per la vecchiaia e per i superstiti
LArm Legge federale sulle armi, gli accessori di armi e le munizioni
LAsi Legge sull'asilo
LBCR Legge federale sulle banche e le casse di risparmio
LBVM Legge federale sulle borse e il commercio di valori mobiliari
LCA Legge federale sul contratto d'assicurazione
LCF Legge federale sul controllo federale delle finanze
LCSl Legge federale contro la concorrenza sleale
LCStr Legge federale sulla circolazione stradale
LCart Legge federale sui cartelli e altre limitazioni della concorrenza
LCit Legge federale su l'acquisto e la perdita della cittadinanza svizzera
LD Legge sulle dogane
LDA Legge federale sul diritto d'autore e sui diritti di protezione affini
LDFR Legge federale sul diritto fondiario rurale
LDIP Legge federale sul diritto internazionale privato
LDP Legge federale sui diritti politici
LEF Legge federale sulla esecuzione e sul fallimento
LEGU Legge federale sugli esami genetici sull'essere umano
LF-CAA Legge federale relativa alla Convenzione dell'Aia sull'adozione e a provvedimenti per la protezione del minore nelle adozioni internazionali
LF-RMA Legge federale sul rapimento internazionale dei minori e sulle Convenzioni dell'Aia sulla protezione dei minori e degli adulti
LFC Legge federale sulle finanze della Confederazione
LFINMA Legge federale concernente l'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari
LFLP Legge federale sul libero passaggio nella previdenza professionale per la vecchiaia, i superstiti e l'invalidità
LFPr Legge federale sulla formazione professionale
LFus Legge federale sulla fusione, la scissione, la trasformazione e il trasferimento di patrimonio
LICol Legge federale sugli investimenti collettivi di capitale
LIFD Legge federale sull'imposta federale diretta
LIP Legge federale sull'imposta preventiva
LIPG Legge federale sulle indennità di perdita di guadagno per chi presta servizio e in caso di maternità
LIVA Legge federale concernente l'imposta sul valore aggiunto
LInFi Legge federale sulle infrastrutture del mercato finanziario e il comportamento sul mercato nel commercio di valori mobiliari e derivati
LL Legge federale sul lavoro nell'industria, nell'artigianato e nel commercio
LLCA Legge federale sulla libera circolazione degli avvocati
LOAP Legge federale sull'organizzazione delle autorità penali della Confederazione
LOF Legge sulle obbligazioni fondiarie
LPAM Legge federale concernente la procreazione con assistenza medica
LPD Legge federale sulla protezione dei dati
LPM Legge federale sulla protezione dei marchi e delle indicazioni di provenienza
LPP Legge federale sulla previdenza professionale per la vecchiaia, i superstiti e l'invalidità
LPPC Legge federale sulla protezione della popolazione e sulla protezione civile
LPar Legge federale sulla parità dei sessi
LParl Legge federale sull'Assemblea federale
LPers Legge sul personale federale
LRDP Legge federale sulla responsabilità per danno da prodotti
LResp Legge federale su la responsabilità della Confederazione, dei membri delle autorità federali e dei funzionari federali
LSA Legge federale sulla sorveglianza delle imprese di assicurazione
LSO Legge federale sui privilegi, le immunità e le facilitazioni, nonché sugli aiuti finanziari accordati dalla Svizzera quale Stato ospite
LSPr Legge federale sulla sorveglianza dei prezzi
LSR Legge federalesull'abilitazione e la sorveglianza dei revisori
LStrI Legge federale sugli stranieri e la loro integrazione
LStup Legge federale sugli stupefacenti e sulle sostanze psicotrope
LSu Legge federale sugli aiuti finanziari e le indennità
LTAF Legge sul Tribunale amministrativo federale
LTB Legge federale sulle tasse di bollo
LTCo Legge federale sui titoli contabili
LTD Legge sulla tariffa delle dogane
LTF Legge sul Tribunale federale
LTFB Legge sul Tribunale federale dei brevetti
LUD Legge federale sull'unione domestica registrata di coppie omosessuali
Lferr Legge federale sulle ferrovie
O:
OABCT Ordinanza sull'amministrazione di beni nell'ambito di una curatela o di una tutela
OACata Ordinanza sull'aiuto in caso di catastrofe all'estero
OAFE Ordinanza sull'acquisto di fondi da parte di persone all'estero
OAINF Ordinanza sull'assicurazione contro gli infortuni
OAMin Ordinanza sull'accoglimento di minori a scopo di affiliazione
OAPuE Ordinanza sugli atti pubblici in forma elettronica
OAV-LEF Ordinanza concernente l'alta vigilanza sulla esecuzione e sul fallimento
OAVS Ordinanza sull'assicurazione per la vecchiaia e per i superstiti
OAdoz Ordinanza sull'adozione
OBCR Ordinanza sulle banche e le casse di risparmio
OBVM Ordinanza sulle borse e il commercio di valori mobiliari
OCE-PCPE Ordinanza sulla comunicazione per via elettronica nell'ambito di procedimenti civili e penali nonché di procedure d'esecuzione e fallimento
ODAu Ordinanza sul diritto d'autore e sui diritti di protezione affini
ODFR Ordinanza sul diritto fondiario rurale
ODiC Ordinanza concernente il pignoramento e la realizzazione di diritti in comunione
OFA-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sul fallimento delle imprese di assicurazione
OFICol-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sul fallimento degli investimenti collettivi di capitale
OIB-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sull'insolvenza di banche e commercianti di valori mobiliari
OICol Ordinanza sugli investimenti collettivi di capitale
OICol-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sugli investimenti collettivi di capitale
OIP Ordinanza sull'indicazione dei prezzi
OIPG Ordinanza sulle indennità di perdita di guadagno
OIPrev Ordinanza sull'imposta preventiva
OIVA Ordinanza concernente l'imposta sul valore aggiunto
OInFi Ordinanza sulle infrastrutture del mercato finanziario e il comportamento sul mercato nel commercio di valori mobiliari e derivati
OInFi-FINMA Ordinanza
OLL 1 Ordinanza 1 concernente la legge sul lavoro
OLPD Ordinanza relativa alla legge federale sulla protezione dei dati
ONCR Ordinanza sulle norme contabili riconosciute
ORC Ordinanza sul registro di commercio
ORF Ordinanza sul registro fondiario
OReSA Ordinanza contro le retribuzioni abusive nelle società anonime quotate in borsa
OS Ordinanza sulla sorveglianza delle imprese di assicurazione private
OS LCart Ordinanza sulle sanzioni in caso di limitazioni illecite della concorrenza
OS-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sulla sorveglianza delle imprese di assicurazione private
OSC Ordinanza sullo stato civile
OTB Ordinanza concernente le tasse di bollo
OTLEF Ordinanza sulle tasse riscosse in applicazione della legge federale sulla esecuzione e sul fallimento
Occdci Ordinanza concernente il controllo delle concentrazioni di imprese
Ocg Ordinanza sul casellario giudiziale
Olc Ordinanza sulla tenuta e la conservazione dei libri di commercio
P:
PA Legge federale sulla procedura amministrativa
PPMin Legge federale di diritto processuale penale minorile
R:
RFF Regolamento del Tribunale federale concernente la realizzazione forzata di fondi
RPAss Regolamento
RUF Regolamento concernente l'amministrazione degli uffici dei fallimenti
A:
AIG Federal Act on Foreign Nationals and Integration
AdoV Ordinance on Adoption
AsylG Asylum Act
B:
BBG Federal Acton Vocational and Professional Education and Training
BEG Federal Act on Intermediated Securities
BG-KKE Federal Act on International Child Abduction and the Hague Conventions on the Protection of Children and Adults
BIV-FINMA Ordinance of the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority on the Insolvency of Banks and Securities Dealers
BPR Federal Act on Political Rights
BV Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation
BetmG Federal Act on Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances
D:
DSG Federal Act on Data Protection
F:
FINMAG Federal Act on the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority
FMedG Federal Act on Medically Assisted Reproduction
FinfraG Federal Act on Financial Market Infrastructures and Market Conduct in Securities and Derivatives Trading
FinfraV Ordinance on Financial Market Infrastructures and Market Conduct in Securities and Derivatives Trading
FinfraV-FINMA Ordinance of the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority on Financial Market Infrastructures and Market Conduct in Securities and Derivatives Trading
G:
GSG Federal Act on the Privileges, Immunities and Facilities and the Financial Subsidies granted by Switzerland as a Host State
GUMG Federal Act on Human Genetic Testing
GlG Federal Act on Gender Equality
K:
KAG Federal Act on Collective Investment Schemes
KG Federal Act on Cartels and other Restraints of Competition
KKV Ordinance on Collective Investment Schemes
KKV-FINMA Ordinance of the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority on Collective Investment Schemes
M:
MSchG Federal Act on the Protection of Trade Marks and Indications of Source
MWSTG Federal Act on Value Added Tax
MWSTV Ordinance on Value Added Tax
O:
OR Federal Act on the Amendment of the Swiss Civil Code
P:
ParlG Federal Act on the Federal Assembly
PatGG Federal Act on the Federal Patent Court
S:
SVKG Ordinance on Sanctions imposed for Unlawful Restraints of Competition
StGB Swiss Criminal Code
StPO Swiss Criminal Procedure Code
U:
URG Federal Act on Copyright and Related Rights
V:
VDSG 235.11
VwVG Federal Act on Administrative Procedure
VüKU Ordinance on the Control of Concentrations of Undertakings
Z:
ZGB Swiss Civil Code
ZPO Swiss Civil Procedure Code
ZTG Customs Tariff Act
A:
AHVG Bundesgesetz über die Alters- und Hinterlassenenversicherung
AHVV Verordnung über die Alters- und Hinterlassenenversicherung
AIG Bundesgesetz über die Ausländerinnen und Ausländer und über die Integration
AVIG Bundesgesetz über die obligatorische Arbeitslosenversicherung und die Insolvenzentschädigung
AVO Verordnung über die Beaufsichtigung von privaten Versicherungsunternehmen
AVO-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Beaufsichtigung von privaten Versicherungsunternehmen
AdoV Verordnung über die Adoption
ArG Bundesgesetz über die Arbeit in Industrie, Gewerbe und Handel
ArGV 1 Verordnung 1 zum Arbeitsgesetz
AsylG Asylgesetz
B:
BBG Bundesgesetzüber die Berufsbildung
BEG Bundesgesetz über Bucheffekten
BEHG Bundesgesetz über die Börsen und den Effektenhandel
BEHV Verordnung über die Börsen und den Effektenhandel
BG-HAÜ Bundesgesetz zum Haager Adoptionsübereinkommen und über Massnahmen zum Schutz des Kindes bei internationalen Adoptionen
BG-KKE Bundesgesetz über internationale Kindesentführung und die Haager Übereinkommen zum Schutz von Kindern und Erwachsenen
BGBB Bundesgesetz über das bäuerliche Bodenrecht
BGFA Bundesgesetz über die Freizügigkeit der Anwältinnen und Anwälte
BGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundesgericht
BIV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Insolvenz von Banken und Effektenhändlern
BPG Bundespersonalgesetz
BPR Bundesgesetz über die politischen Rechte
BV Bundesverfassung der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft
BVG Bundesgesetz über die berufliche Alters-, Hinterlassenen- und Invalidenvorsorge
BZG Bundesgesetz über den Bevölkerungsschutz und den Zivilschutz
BankG Bundesgesetz über die Banken und Sparkassen
BankV Verordnung über die Banken und Sparkassen
BetmG Bundesgesetz über die Betäubungsmittel und die psychotropen Stoffe
BewG Bundesgesetz über den Erwerb von Grundstücken durch Personen im Ausland
BewV Verordnung über den Erwerb von Grundstücken durch Personen im Ausland
BöB Bundesgesetz über das öffentliche Beschaffungswesen
BüG Bundesgesetz über Erwerb und Verlust des Schweizer Bürgerrechts
D:
DBG Bundesgesetz über die direkte Bundessteuer
DSG Bundesgesetz über den Datenschutz
E:
EBG Eisenbahngesetz
EMRK Konvention zum Schutze der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten
EOG Bundesgesetz über den Erwerbsersatz für Dienstleistende und bei Mutterschaft
EOV Verordnung zum Erwerbsersatzgesetz
EÖBV Verordnung über die elektronische öffentliche Beurkundung
F:
FHG Bundesgesetz über den eidgenössischen Finanzhaushalt
FINMAG Bundesgesetz über die Eidgenössische Finanzmarktaufsicht
FKG Bundesgesetz über die Eidgenössische Finanzkontrolle
FMedG Bundesgesetz über die medizinisch unterstützte Fortpflanzung
FZG Bundesgesetz über die Freizügigkeit in der beruflichen Alters-, Hinterlassenen- und Invalidenvorsorge
FinfraG Bundesgesetz über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FinfraV Verordnung über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FinfraV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FusG Bundesgesetz über Fusion, Spaltung, Umwandlung und Vermögensübertragung
G:
GBV Grundbuchverordnung
GSG Bundesgesetz über die von der Schweiz als Gaststaat gewährten Vorrechte, Immunitäten und Erleichterungen sowie finanziellen Beiträge
GUMG Bundesgesetz über genetische Untersuchungen beim Menschen
GeBüV Verordnung über die Führung und Aufbewahrung der Geschäftsbücher
GebV SchKG Gebührenverordnung zum Bundesgesetz über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
GlG Bundesgesetz über die Gleichstellung von Frau und Mann
H:
HEsÜ Übereinkommen über den internationalen Schutz von Erwachsenen
HKsÜ Übereinkommen
HRegV Handelsregisterverordnung
I:
IPRG Bundesgesetz über das Internationale Privatrecht
J:
JStG Bundesgesetz über das Jugendstrafrecht
JStPO Schweizerische Jugendstrafprozessordnung
K:
KAG Bundesgesetz über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KAKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über den Konkurs von kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KG Bundesgesetz über Kartelle und andere Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen
KKV Verordnung über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KOV Verordnung über die Geschäftsführung der Konkursämter (KOV)
KVG Bundesgesetz über die Krankenversicherung
L:
LVG Bundesgesetz über die wirtschaftliche Landesversorgung
LugÜ Übereinkommen über die gerichtliche Zuständigkeit und die Anerkennung und Vollstreckung von Entscheidungen in Zivil- und Handelssachen
M:
MSchG Bundesgesetz über den Schutz von Marken und Herkunftsangaben
MStG Militärstrafgesetz
MWSTG Bundesgesetz über die Mehrwertsteuer
MWSTV Mehrwertsteuerverordnung
O:
OAV-SchKG Verordnung betreffend die Oberaufsicht über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
OHG Bundesgesetz über die Hilfe an Opfer von Straftaten
OR Bundesgesetz betreffend die Ergänzung des Schweizerischen Zivilgesetzbuches (Fünfter Teil: Obligationenrecht)
P:
PAVO Verordnung über die Aufnahme von Pflegekindern
PBV Verordnung über die Bekanntgabe von Preisen
ParlG Bundesgesetz über die Bundesversammlung
PartG Bundesgesetz über die eingetragene Partnerschaft gleichgeschlechtlicher Paare
PatGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundespatentgericht
PfG Pfandbriefgesetz
PrHG Bundesgesetz über die Produktehaftpflicht
PüG Preisüberwachungsgesetz
R:
RAG Bundesgesetz über die Zulassung und Beaufsichtigung der Revisorinnen und Revisoren
S:
SVG Strassenverkehrsgesetz
SVKG Verordnung über die Sanktionen bei unzulässigen Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen
SchKG Bundesgesetz über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
StBOG Bundesgesetz über die Organisation der Strafbehörden des Bundes
StG Bundesgesetz über die Stempelabgaben
StGB Schweizerisches Strafgesetzbuch
StHG Bundesgesetz über die Harmonisierung der direkten Steuern der Kantone und Gemeinden
StPO Schweizerische Strafprozessordnung
StV Verordnung über die Stempelabgaben
SuG Bundesgesetz über Finanzhilfen und Abgeltungen
U:
URG Bundesgesetz über das Urheberrecht und verwandte Schutzrechte
URV Verordnung über das Urheberrecht und verwandte Schutzrechte
UVG Bundesgesetz über die Unfallversicherung
UVV Verordnung über die Unfallversicherung
UWG Bundesgesetz gegen den unlauteren Wettbewerb
V:
VAG Bundesgesetz betreffend die Aufsicht über Versicherungsunternehmen
VASR Verordnung über die anerkannten Standards zur Rechnungslegung
VBB Verordnung über das bäuerliche Bodenrecht
VBVV Verordnung über die Vermögensverwaltung im Rahmen einer Beistandschaft oder Vormundschaft
VDSG Verordnung zum Bundesgesetz über den Datenschutz
VG Bundesgesetz über die Verantwortlichkeit des Bundes sowie seiner Behördemitglieder und Beamten
VGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundesverwaltungsgericht
VKA Verordnung über die Katastrophenhilfe im Ausland
VKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über den Konkurs von Versicherungsunternehmen
VPAV Verordnung betreffend die Pfändung, Arrestierung und Verwertung von Versicherungsansprüchen nach dem Bundesgesetz vom 2. April 1908 über den Versicherungsvertrag
VStG Bundesgesetz über die Verrechnungssteuer
VStV Verordnung über die Verrechnungssteuer
VStrR Bundesgesetz über das Verwaltungsstrafrecht
VVAG Verordnung über die Pfändung und Verwertung von Anteilen an Gemeinschaftsvermögen
VVG Bundesgesetz über den Versicherungsvertrag
VZG Verordnung des Bundesgerichts über die Zwangsverwertung von Grundstücken
VegüV Verordnung gegen übermässige Vergütungen bei börsenkotierten Aktiengesellschaften
VeÜ-ZSSV Verordnung über die elektronische Übermittlung im Rahmen von Zivil- und Strafprozessen sowie von Schuldbetreibungs- und Konkursverfahren
VwVG Bundesgesetz über das Verwaltungsverfahren
VüKU Verordnung über die Kontrolle von Unternehmenszusammenschlüssen
VüS Verordnung über das Strafregister
W:
WG Bundesgesetz über Waffen, Waffenzubehör und Munition
Z:
ZG Zollgesetz
ZGB Schweizerisches Zivilgesetzbuch
ZPO Schweizerische Zivilprozessordnung
ZStV Zivilstandsverordnung
ZTG Zolltarifgesetz
Ü:
ÜbZ Übereinkunft betreffend Zivilprozessrecht
ÜüAVaS Übereinkommen über die Anerkennung und Vollstreckung ausländischer Schiedssprüche
ÜüRK Übereinkommen über die Rechte des Kindes
ÜüSKZGIA Übereinkommen über den Schutz von Kindern und die Zusammenarbeit auf dem Gebiet der Internationalen Adoption
ÜüiZR Übereinkommen über den internationalen Zugang zur Rechtspflege
ÜüzAiK Übereinkommen über die zivilrechtlichen Aspekte internationaler Kindesentführung
C:
CC Code civil suisse
CEDH Convention de sauvegarde des droits de l'homme et des libertés fondamentales
CL Convention concernant la compétence judiciaire, la reconnaissance et l'exécution des décisions en matière civile et commerciale
CLaH 2000 Convention sur la protection internationale des adultes
CLaH 96 Convention
CO Loi fédérale complétant le Code civil suisse
CP Code pénal suisse
CPC Code de procédure civile
CPM Code pénal militaire
CPP Code de procédure pénale suisse
Caclid Convention sur les aspects civils de l'enlèvement international d'enfants
Cpecmdi Convention sur la protection des enfants et la coopération en matière d'adoption internationale
Cprlsaé Convention pour la reconnaissance et l'exécution des sentences arbitrales étrangères
Crdl Convention relative aux droits de l'enfant
Crpc Convention relative à la procédure civile
Cst. Constitution fédérale de la Confédération suisse
Ctflij Convention tendant à faciliter l'accès international à la justice
D:
DPA Loi fédérale sur le droit pénal administratif
DPMin Loi fédérale régissant la condition pénale des mineurs
L:
LAA Loi fédérale sur l'assurance-accidents
LACI Loi fédérale sur l'assurance-chômage obligatoire et l'indemnité en cas d'insolvabilité
LAGH Loi fédérale sur l'analyse génétique humaine
LAMal Loi fédérale sur l'assurance-maladie
LAP Loi fédérale sur l'approvisionnement économique du pays
LAPG Loi fédérale sur les allocations pour perte de gain en cas de service et de maternité
LAVI Loi fédérale sur l'aide aux victimes d'infractions
LAVS Loi fédérale sur l'assurance-vieillesse et survivants
LArm Loi fédérale sur les armes, les accessoires d'armes et les munitions
LAsi Loi sur l'asile
LB Loi fédérale sur les banques et les caisses d'épargne
LBVM Loi fédérale sur les bourses et le commerce des valeurs mobilières
LCA Loi fédérale sur le contrat d'assurance
LCD Loi fédérale contre la concurrence déloyale
LCF Loi fédérale sur le Contrôle fédéral des finances
LCR Loi fédérale sur la circulation routière
LCart Loi fédérale sur les cartels et autres restrictions à la concurrence
LCdF Loi fédérale sur les chemins de fer
LD Loi sur les douanes
LDA Loi fédérale sur le droit d'auteur et les droits voisins
LDFR Loi fédérale sur le droit foncier rural
LDIP Loi fédérale sur le droit international privé
LDP Loi fédérale sur les droits politiques
LEH Loi fédérale sur les privilèges, les immunités et les facilités, ainsi que sur les aides financières accordés par la Suisse en tant qu'Etat hôte
LEI Loi fédérale sur les étrangers et l'intégration
LEg Loi fédérale sur l'égalité entre femmes et hommes
LF-CLaH Loi fédérale relative à la Convention de La Haye sur l'adoption et aux mesures de protection de l'enfant en cas d'adoption internationale
LF-EEA Loi fédérale sur l'enlèvement international d'enfants et les Conventions de La Haye sur la protection des enfants et des adultes
LFAIE Loi fédérale sur l'acquisition d'immeubles par des personnes à l'étranger
LFC Loi sur les finances de la Confédération
LFINMA Loi sur l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers
LFLP Loi fédérale sur le libre passage dans la prévoyance professionnelle vieillesse, survivants et invalidité
LFPr Loi fédérale sur la formation professionnelle
LFus Loi fédérale sur la fusion, la scission, la transformation et le transfert de patrimoine
LHID Loi fédérale sur l'harmonisation des impôts directs des cantons et des communes
LIA Loi fédérale sur l'impôt anticipé (LIA)
LIFD Loi fédérale sur l'impôt fédéral direct
LIMF Loi fédérale sur les infrastructures des marchés financiers et le comportement sur le marché en matière de négociation de valeurs mobilières et de dérivés*
LLCA Loi fédérale sur la libre circulation des avocats
LLG Loi sur l'émission de lettres de gage
LMP Loi fédérale sur les marchés publics
LN Loi fédérale sur l'acquisition et la perte de la nationalité suisse
LOAP Loi fédérale sur l'organisation des autorités pénales de la Confédération
LP Loi fédérale sur la poursuite pour dettes et la faillite
LPCC Loi fédérale sur les placements collectifs de capitaux*
LPD Loi fédérale sur la protection des données
LPM Loi fédérale sur la protection des marques et des indications de provenance
LPMA Loi fédérale sur la procréation médicalement assistée*
LPP Loi fédérale sur la prévoyance professionnelle vieillesse, survivants et invalidité
LPPCi Loi fédérale sur la protection de la population et sur la protection civile
LParl Loisur l'Assemblée fédérale
LPart Loi fédérale sur le partenariat enregistré entre personnes du même sexe
LPers Loi sur le personnel de la Confédération
LRCF Loi fédérale sur la responsabilité de la Confédération, des membres de ses autorités et de ses fonctionnaires
LRFP Loi fédérale sur la responsabilité du fait des produits
LSA Loi fédérale sur la surveillance des entreprises d'assurance
LSPr Loi fédérale concernant la surveillance des prix
LSR Loi fédérale sur l'agrément et la surveillance des réviseurs
LStup Loi fédérale sur les stupéfiants et les substances psychotropes
LSu Loi fédérale sur les aides financières et les indemnités
LT Loi fédérale sur les droits de timbre
LTAF Loi sur le Tribunal administratif fédéral
LTF Loi sur le Tribunal fédéral
LTFB Loi<em></em>sur le Tribunal fédéral des brevets
LTI Loi fédérale sur les titres intermédiés
LTVA Loi fédérale régissant la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée
LTaD Loi sur le tarif des douanes
LTr Loi fédérale sur le travail dans l'industrie, l'artisanat et le commerce
O:
OAAE Ordonnance sur l'acte authentique électronique
OACata Ordonnance sur l'aide en cas de catastrophe à l'étranger
OAIE Ordonnance sur l'acquisition d'immeubles par des personnes à l'étranger
OAOF Ordonnance sur l'administration des offices de faillite
OAdo Ordonnance sur l'adoption
OB Ordonnance sur les banques et les caisses d'épargne
OBVM Ordonnance sur les bourses et le commerce des valeurs mobilières
OCEl-PCPP Ordonnance sur la communication électronique dans le cadre de procédures civiles et pénales et de procédures en matière de poursuite pour dettes et de faillite
ODAu Ordonnance sur le droit d'auteur et les droits voisins
ODFR Ordonnance sur le droit foncier rural
OEC Ordonnance sur l'état civil
OELP Ordonnance sur les émoluments perçus en application de la loi fédérale sur la poursuite pour dettes et la faillite
OFA-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur la faillite des entreprises d'assurance
OFPC-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur la faillite de placements collectifs de capitaux
OGPCT Ordonnance sur la gestion du patrimoine dans le cadre d'une curatelle ou d'une tutelle
OHS-LP Ordonnance relative à la haute surveillance en matière de poursuite et de faillite
OIA Ordonnance sur l'impôt anticipé
OIB-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur l'insolvabilité des banques et des négociants en valeurs mobilières
OIMF Ordonnance sur les infrastructures des marchés financiers et le comportement sur le marché en matière de négociation de valeurs mobilières et de dérivés
OIMF-FINMA Ordonnance
OIP Ordonnance sur l'indication des prix
OLAA Ordonnance sur l'assurance-accidents
OLPD Ordonnance relative à la loi fédérale sur la protection des données
OLT 1 Ordonnance 1 relative à la loi sur le travail
ONCR Ordonnance sur les normes comptables reconnues
OPC Ordonnance concernant la saisie et la réalisation de parts de communautés
OPC-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur les placements collectifs de capitaux
OPCC Ordonnance sur les placements collectifs de capitaux
OPE Ordonnance sur le placement d'enfants
ORAb Ordonnance contre les rémunérations abusives dans les sociétés anonymes cotées en bourse
ORC Ordonnance sur le registre du commerce
ORF Ordonnance sur le registre foncier
ORFI Ordonnance du Tribunal fédéral sur la réalisation forcée des immeubles
OS Ordonnance sur la surveillance des entreprises d'assurance privées
OS LCart Ordonnance sur les sanctions en cas de restrictions illicites à la concurrence
OS-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur la surveillance des entreprises d'assurance privées
OSAss Ordonnance concernant la saisie, le séquestre et la réalisation des droits découlant d'assurances d'après la loi fédérale du 2 avril 1908 sur le contrat d'assurance
OT Ordonnance sur les droits de timbre
OTVA Ordonnance régissant la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée
Occd Ordonnance sur le contrôle des concentrations d'entreprises
Ocj Ordonnance sur le casier judiciaire
Olico Ordonnance concernant la tenue et la conservation des livres de comptes
P:
PA Loi fédérale sur la procédure administrative
PPMin Loi fédérale sur la procédure pénale applicable aux mineurs
R:
RAPG Règlement sur les allocations pour perte de gain
RAVS Règlement sur l'assurance-vieillesse et survivants
C:
C Convenzione
CC Codice civile svizzero
CEDU Convenzione per la salvaguardia dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali
CLug Convenzione concernente la competenza giurisdizionale, il riconoscimento e l'esecuzione delle decisioni in materia civile e commerciale
CO Legge federale di complemento del Codice civile svizzero
CP Codice penale svizzero
CPC Codice di diritto processuale civile svizzero
CPM Codice penale militare
CPP Codice di diritto processuale penale svizzero
Ccrldsae Convenzione concernente il riconoscimento e l'esecuzione delle sentenze arbitrali estere
Cdf Convenzione sui diritti del fanciullo
Cost. Costituzione federale della Confederazione Svizzera
Crapc Convenzione relativa alla procedura civile
Csacrim Convenzione sugli aspetti civili del rapimento internazionale di minori
Cspida Convenzione sulla protezione internazionale degli adulti
Cspmscmai Convenzione sulla protezione dei minori e sulla cooperazione in materia di adozione internazionale
Cvfliag Convenzione volta a facilitare l'accesso internazionale alla giustizia
D:
DPA Legge federale sul diritto penale amministrativo
DPMin Legge federale sul diritto penale minorile
L:
LADI Legge federale sull'assicurazione obbligatoria contro la disoccupazione e l'indennità per insolvenza
LAFE Legge federale sull'acquisto di fondi da parte di persone all'estero
LAID Legge federale sull'armonizzazione delle imposte dirette dei Cantoni e dei Comuni
LAINF Legge federale sull'assicurazione contro gli infortuni
LAMal Legge federale sull'assicurazione malattie
LAP Legge federale sull'approvvigionamento economico del Paese
LAPub Legge federale sugli acquisti pubblici
LAV Legge federale concernente l'aiuto alle vittime di reati
LAVS Legge federale su l'assicurazione per la vecchiaia e per i superstiti
LArm Legge federale sulle armi, gli accessori di armi e le munizioni
LAsi Legge sull'asilo
LBCR Legge federale sulle banche e le casse di risparmio
LBVM Legge federale sulle borse e il commercio di valori mobiliari
LCA Legge federale sul contratto d'assicurazione
LCF Legge federale sul controllo federale delle finanze
LCSl Legge federale contro la concorrenza sleale
LCStr Legge federale sulla circolazione stradale
LCart Legge federale sui cartelli e altre limitazioni della concorrenza
LCit Legge federale su l'acquisto e la perdita della cittadinanza svizzera
LD Legge sulle dogane
LDA Legge federale sul diritto d'autore e sui diritti di protezione affini
LDFR Legge federale sul diritto fondiario rurale
LDIP Legge federale sul diritto internazionale privato
LDP Legge federale sui diritti politici
LEF Legge federale sulla esecuzione e sul fallimento
LEGU Legge federale sugli esami genetici sull'essere umano
LF-CAA Legge federale relativa alla Convenzione dell'Aia sull'adozione e a provvedimenti per la protezione del minore nelle adozioni internazionali
LF-RMA Legge federale sul rapimento internazionale dei minori e sulle Convenzioni dell'Aia sulla protezione dei minori e degli adulti
LFC Legge federale sulle finanze della Confederazione
LFINMA Legge federale concernente l'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari
LFLP Legge federale sul libero passaggio nella previdenza professionale per la vecchiaia, i superstiti e l'invalidità
LFPr Legge federale sulla formazione professionale
LFus Legge federale sulla fusione, la scissione, la trasformazione e il trasferimento di patrimonio
LICol Legge federale sugli investimenti collettivi di capitale
LIFD Legge federale sull'imposta federale diretta
LIP Legge federale sull'imposta preventiva
LIPG Legge federale sulle indennità di perdita di guadagno per chi presta servizio e in caso di maternità
LIVA Legge federale concernente l'imposta sul valore aggiunto
LInFi Legge federale sulle infrastrutture del mercato finanziario e il comportamento sul mercato nel commercio di valori mobiliari e derivati
LL Legge federale sul lavoro nell'industria, nell'artigianato e nel commercio
LLCA Legge federale sulla libera circolazione degli avvocati
LOAP Legge federale sull'organizzazione delle autorità penali della Confederazione
LOF Legge sulle obbligazioni fondiarie
LPAM Legge federale concernente la procreazione con assistenza medica
LPD Legge federale sulla protezione dei dati
LPM Legge federale sulla protezione dei marchi e delle indicazioni di provenienza
LPP Legge federale sulla previdenza professionale per la vecchiaia, i superstiti e l'invalidità
LPPC Legge federale sulla protezione della popolazione e sulla protezione civile
LPar Legge federale sulla parità dei sessi
LParl Legge federale sull'Assemblea federale
LPers Legge sul personale federale
LRDP Legge federale sulla responsabilità per danno da prodotti
LResp Legge federale su la responsabilità della Confederazione, dei membri delle autorità federali e dei funzionari federali
LSA Legge federale sulla sorveglianza delle imprese di assicurazione
LSO Legge federale sui privilegi, le immunità e le facilitazioni, nonché sugli aiuti finanziari accordati dalla Svizzera quale Stato ospite
LSPr Legge federale sulla sorveglianza dei prezzi
LSR Legge federalesull'abilitazione e la sorveglianza dei revisori
LStrI Legge federale sugli stranieri e la loro integrazione
LStup Legge federale sugli stupefacenti e sulle sostanze psicotrope
LSu Legge federale sugli aiuti finanziari e le indennità
LTAF Legge sul Tribunale amministrativo federale
LTB Legge federale sulle tasse di bollo
LTCo Legge federale sui titoli contabili
LTD Legge sulla tariffa delle dogane
LTF Legge sul Tribunale federale
LTFB Legge sul Tribunale federale dei brevetti
LUD Legge federale sull'unione domestica registrata di coppie omosessuali
Lferr Legge federale sulle ferrovie
O:
OABCT Ordinanza sull'amministrazione di beni nell'ambito di una curatela o di una tutela
OACata Ordinanza sull'aiuto in caso di catastrofe all'estero
OAFE Ordinanza sull'acquisto di fondi da parte di persone all'estero
OAINF Ordinanza sull'assicurazione contro gli infortuni
OAMin Ordinanza sull'accoglimento di minori a scopo di affiliazione
OAPuE Ordinanza sugli atti pubblici in forma elettronica
OAV-LEF Ordinanza concernente l'alta vigilanza sulla esecuzione e sul fallimento
OAVS Ordinanza sull'assicurazione per la vecchiaia e per i superstiti
OAdoz Ordinanza sull'adozione
OBCR Ordinanza sulle banche e le casse di risparmio
OBVM Ordinanza sulle borse e il commercio di valori mobiliari
OCE-PCPE Ordinanza sulla comunicazione per via elettronica nell'ambito di procedimenti civili e penali nonché di procedure d'esecuzione e fallimento
ODAu Ordinanza sul diritto d'autore e sui diritti di protezione affini
ODFR Ordinanza sul diritto fondiario rurale
ODiC Ordinanza concernente il pignoramento e la realizzazione di diritti in comunione
OFA-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sul fallimento delle imprese di assicurazione
OFICol-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sul fallimento degli investimenti collettivi di capitale
OIB-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sull'insolvenza di banche e commercianti di valori mobiliari
OICol Ordinanza sugli investimenti collettivi di capitale
OICol-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sugli investimenti collettivi di capitale
OIP Ordinanza sull'indicazione dei prezzi
OIPG Ordinanza sulle indennità di perdita di guadagno
OIPrev Ordinanza sull'imposta preventiva
OIVA Ordinanza concernente l'imposta sul valore aggiunto
OInFi Ordinanza sulle infrastrutture del mercato finanziario e il comportamento sul mercato nel commercio di valori mobiliari e derivati
OInFi-FINMA Ordinanza
OLL 1 Ordinanza 1 concernente la legge sul lavoro
OLPD Ordinanza relativa alla legge federale sulla protezione dei dati
ONCR Ordinanza sulle norme contabili riconosciute
ORC Ordinanza sul registro di commercio
ORF Ordinanza sul registro fondiario
OReSA Ordinanza contro le retribuzioni abusive nelle società anonime quotate in borsa
OS Ordinanza sulla sorveglianza delle imprese di assicurazione private
OS LCart Ordinanza sulle sanzioni in caso di limitazioni illecite della concorrenza
OS-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sulla sorveglianza delle imprese di assicurazione private
OSC Ordinanza sullo stato civile
OTB Ordinanza concernente le tasse di bollo
OTLEF Ordinanza sulle tasse riscosse in applicazione della legge federale sulla esecuzione e sul fallimento
Occdci Ordinanza concernente il controllo delle concentrazioni di imprese
Ocg Ordinanza sul casellario giudiziale
Olc Ordinanza sulla tenuta e la conservazione dei libri di commercio
P:
PA Legge federale sulla procedura amministrativa
PPMin Legge federale di diritto processuale penale minorile
R:
RFF Regolamento del Tribunale federale concernente la realizzazione forzata di fondi
RPAss Regolamento
RUF Regolamento concernente l'amministrazione degli uffici dei fallimenti
A:
AIG Federal Act on Foreign Nationals and Integration
AdoV Ordinance on Adoption
AsylG Asylum Act
B:
BBG Federal Acton Vocational and Professional Education and Training
BEG Federal Act on Intermediated Securities
BG-KKE Federal Act on International Child Abduction and the Hague Conventions on the Protection of Children and Adults
BIV-FINMA Ordinance of the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority on the Insolvency of Banks and Securities Dealers
BPR Federal Act on Political Rights
BV Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation
BetmG Federal Act on Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances
D:
DSG Federal Act on Data Protection
F:
FINMAG Federal Act on the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority
FMedG Federal Act on Medically Assisted Reproduction
FinfraG Federal Act on Financial Market Infrastructures and Market Conduct in Securities and Derivatives Trading
FinfraV Ordinance on Financial Market Infrastructures and Market Conduct in Securities and Derivatives Trading
FinfraV-FINMA Ordinance of the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority on Financial Market Infrastructures and Market Conduct in Securities and Derivatives Trading
G:
GSG Federal Act on the Privileges, Immunities and Facilities and the Financial Subsidies granted by Switzerland as a Host State
GUMG Federal Act on Human Genetic Testing
GlG Federal Act on Gender Equality
K:
KAG Federal Act on Collective Investment Schemes
KG Federal Act on Cartels and other Restraints of Competition
KKV Ordinance on Collective Investment Schemes
KKV-FINMA Ordinance of the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority on Collective Investment Schemes
M:
MSchG Federal Act on the Protection of Trade Marks and Indications of Source
MWSTG Federal Act on Value Added Tax
MWSTV Ordinance on Value Added Tax
O:
OR Federal Act on the Amendment of the Swiss Civil Code
P:
ParlG Federal Act on the Federal Assembly
PatGG Federal Act on the Federal Patent Court
S:
SVKG Ordinance on Sanctions imposed for Unlawful Restraints of Competition
StGB Swiss Criminal Code
StPO Swiss Criminal Procedure Code
U:
URG Federal Act on Copyright and Related Rights
V:
VDSG 235.11
VwVG Federal Act on Administrative Procedure
VüKU Ordinance on the Control of Concentrations of Undertakings
Z:
ZGB Swiss Civil Code
ZPO Swiss Civil Procedure Code
ZTG Customs Tariff Act
A:
AHVG Bundesgesetz über die Alters- und Hinterlassenenversicherung
AHVV Verordnung über die Alters- und Hinterlassenenversicherung
AIG Bundesgesetz über die Ausländerinnen und Ausländer und über die Integration
AVIG Bundesgesetz über die obligatorische Arbeitslosenversicherung und die Insolvenzentschädigung
AVO Verordnung über die Beaufsichtigung von privaten Versicherungsunternehmen
AVO-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Beaufsichtigung von privaten Versicherungsunternehmen
AdoV Verordnung über die Adoption
ArG Bundesgesetz über die Arbeit in Industrie, Gewerbe und Handel
ArGV 1 Verordnung 1 zum Arbeitsgesetz
AsylG Asylgesetz
B:
BBG Bundesgesetzüber die Berufsbildung
BEG Bundesgesetz über Bucheffekten
BEHG Bundesgesetz über die Börsen und den Effektenhandel
BEHV Verordnung über die Börsen und den Effektenhandel
BG-HAÜ Bundesgesetz zum Haager Adoptionsübereinkommen und über Massnahmen zum Schutz des Kindes bei internationalen Adoptionen
BG-KKE Bundesgesetz über internationale Kindesentführung und die Haager Übereinkommen zum Schutz von Kindern und Erwachsenen
BGBB Bundesgesetz über das bäuerliche Bodenrecht
BGFA Bundesgesetz über die Freizügigkeit der Anwältinnen und Anwälte
BGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundesgericht
BIV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Insolvenz von Banken und Effektenhändlern
BPG Bundespersonalgesetz
BPR Bundesgesetz über die politischen Rechte
BV Bundesverfassung der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft
BVG Bundesgesetz über die berufliche Alters-, Hinterlassenen- und Invalidenvorsorge
BZG Bundesgesetz über den Bevölkerungsschutz und den Zivilschutz
BankG Bundesgesetz über die Banken und Sparkassen
BankV Verordnung über die Banken und Sparkassen
BetmG Bundesgesetz über die Betäubungsmittel und die psychotropen Stoffe
BewG Bundesgesetz über den Erwerb von Grundstücken durch Personen im Ausland
BewV Verordnung über den Erwerb von Grundstücken durch Personen im Ausland
BöB Bundesgesetz über das öffentliche Beschaffungswesen
BüG Bundesgesetz über Erwerb und Verlust des Schweizer Bürgerrechts
D:
DBG Bundesgesetz über die direkte Bundessteuer
DSG Bundesgesetz über den Datenschutz
E:
EBG Eisenbahngesetz
EMRK Konvention zum Schutze der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten
EOG Bundesgesetz über den Erwerbsersatz für Dienstleistende und bei Mutterschaft
EOV Verordnung zum Erwerbsersatzgesetz
EÖBV Verordnung über die elektronische öffentliche Beurkundung
F:
FHG Bundesgesetz über den eidgenössischen Finanzhaushalt
FINMAG Bundesgesetz über die Eidgenössische Finanzmarktaufsicht
FKG Bundesgesetz über die Eidgenössische Finanzkontrolle
FMedG Bundesgesetz über die medizinisch unterstützte Fortpflanzung
FZG Bundesgesetz über die Freizügigkeit in der beruflichen Alters-, Hinterlassenen- und Invalidenvorsorge
FinfraG Bundesgesetz über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FinfraV Verordnung über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FinfraV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FusG Bundesgesetz über Fusion, Spaltung, Umwandlung und Vermögensübertragung
G:
GBV Grundbuchverordnung
GSG Bundesgesetz über die von der Schweiz als Gaststaat gewährten Vorrechte, Immunitäten und Erleichterungen sowie finanziellen Beiträge
GUMG Bundesgesetz über genetische Untersuchungen beim Menschen
GeBüV Verordnung über die Führung und Aufbewahrung der Geschäftsbücher
GebV SchKG Gebührenverordnung zum Bundesgesetz über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
GlG Bundesgesetz über die Gleichstellung von Frau und Mann
H:
HEsÜ Übereinkommen über den internationalen Schutz von Erwachsenen
HKsÜ Übereinkommen
HRegV Handelsregisterverordnung
I:
IPRG Bundesgesetz über das Internationale Privatrecht
J:
JStG Bundesgesetz über das Jugendstrafrecht
JStPO Schweizerische Jugendstrafprozessordnung
K:
KAG Bundesgesetz über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KAKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über den Konkurs von kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KG Bundesgesetz über Kartelle und andere Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen
KKV Verordnung über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KOV Verordnung über die Geschäftsführung der Konkursämter (KOV)
KVG Bundesgesetz über die Krankenversicherung
L:
LVG Bundesgesetz über die wirtschaftliche Landesversorgung
LugÜ Übereinkommen über die gerichtliche Zuständigkeit und die Anerkennung und Vollstreckung von Entscheidungen in Zivil- und Handelssachen
M:
MSchG Bundesgesetz über den Schutz von Marken und Herkunftsangaben
MStG Militärstrafgesetz
MWSTG Bundesgesetz über die Mehrwertsteuer
MWSTV Mehrwertsteuerverordnung
O:
OAV-SchKG Verordnung betreffend die Oberaufsicht über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
OHG Bundesgesetz über die Hilfe an Opfer von Straftaten
OR Bundesgesetz betreffend die Ergänzung des Schweizerischen Zivilgesetzbuches (Fünfter Teil: Obligationenrecht)
P:
PAVO Verordnung über die Aufnahme von Pflegekindern
PBV Verordnung über die Bekanntgabe von Preisen
ParlG Bundesgesetz über die Bundesversammlung
PartG Bundesgesetz über die eingetragene Partnerschaft gleichgeschlechtlicher Paare
PatGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundespatentgericht
PfG Pfandbriefgesetz
PrHG Bundesgesetz über die Produktehaftpflicht
PüG Preisüberwachungsgesetz
R:
RAG Bundesgesetz über die Zulassung und Beaufsichtigung der Revisorinnen und Revisoren
S:
SVG Strassenverkehrsgesetz
SVKG Verordnung über die Sanktionen bei unzulässigen Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen
SchKG Bundesgesetz über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
StBOG Bundesgesetz über die Organisation der Strafbehörden des Bundes
StG Bundesgesetz über die Stempelabgaben
StGB Schweizerisches Strafgesetzbuch
StHG Bundesgesetz über die Harmonisierung der direkten Steuern der Kantone und Gemeinden
StPO Schweizerische Strafprozessordnung
StV Verordnung über die Stempelabgaben
SuG Bundesgesetz über Finanzhilfen und Abgeltungen
U:
URG Bundesgesetz über das Urheberrecht und verwandte Schutzrechte
URV Verordnung über das Urheberrecht und verwandte Schutzrechte
UVG Bundesgesetz über die Unfallversicherung
UVV Verordnung über die Unfallversicherung
UWG Bundesgesetz gegen den unlauteren Wettbewerb
V:
VAG Bundesgesetz betreffend die Aufsicht über Versicherungsunternehmen
VASR Verordnung über die anerkannten Standards zur Rechnungslegung
VBB Verordnung über das bäuerliche Bodenrecht
VBVV Verordnung über die Vermögensverwaltung im Rahmen einer Beistandschaft oder Vormundschaft
VDSG Verordnung zum Bundesgesetz über den Datenschutz
VG Bundesgesetz über die Verantwortlichkeit des Bundes sowie seiner Behördemitglieder und Beamten
VGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundesverwaltungsgericht
VKA Verordnung über die Katastrophenhilfe im Ausland
VKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über den Konkurs von Versicherungsunternehmen
VPAV Verordnung betreffend die Pfändung, Arrestierung und Verwertung von Versicherungsansprüchen nach dem Bundesgesetz vom 2. April 1908 über den Versicherungsvertrag
VStG Bundesgesetz über die Verrechnungssteuer
VStV Verordnung über die Verrechnungssteuer
VStrR Bundesgesetz über das Verwaltungsstrafrecht
VVAG Verordnung über die Pfändung und Verwertung von Anteilen an Gemeinschaftsvermögen
VVG Bundesgesetz über den Versicherungsvertrag
VZG Verordnung des Bundesgerichts über die Zwangsverwertung von Grundstücken
VegüV Verordnung gegen übermässige Vergütungen bei börsenkotierten Aktiengesellschaften
VeÜ-ZSSV Verordnung über die elektronische Übermittlung im Rahmen von Zivil- und Strafprozessen sowie von Schuldbetreibungs- und Konkursverfahren
VwVG Bundesgesetz über das Verwaltungsverfahren
VüKU Verordnung über die Kontrolle von Unternehmenszusammenschlüssen
VüS Verordnung über das Strafregister
W:
WG Bundesgesetz über Waffen, Waffenzubehör und Munition
Z:
ZG Zollgesetz
ZGB Schweizerisches Zivilgesetzbuch
ZPO Schweizerische Zivilprozessordnung
ZStV Zivilstandsverordnung
ZTG Zolltarifgesetz
Ü:
ÜbZ Übereinkunft betreffend Zivilprozessrecht
ÜüAVaS Übereinkommen über die Anerkennung und Vollstreckung ausländischer Schiedssprüche
ÜüRK Übereinkommen über die Rechte des Kindes
ÜüSKZGIA Übereinkommen über den Schutz von Kindern und die Zusammenarbeit auf dem Gebiet der Internationalen Adoption
ÜüiZR Übereinkommen über den internationalen Zugang zur Rechtspflege
ÜüzAiK Übereinkommen über die zivilrechtlichen Aspekte internationaler Kindesentführung
C:
CC Code civil suisse
CEDH Convention de sauvegarde des droits de l'homme et des libertés fondamentales
CL Convention concernant la compétence judiciaire, la reconnaissance et l'exécution des décisions en matière civile et commerciale
CLaH 2000 Convention sur la protection internationale des adultes
CLaH 96 Convention
CO Loi fédérale complétant le Code civil suisse
CP Code pénal suisse
CPC Code de procédure civile
CPM Code pénal militaire
CPP Code de procédure pénale suisse
Caclid Convention sur les aspects civils de l'enlèvement international d'enfants
Cpecmdi Convention sur la protection des enfants et la coopération en matière d'adoption internationale
Cprlsaé Convention pour la reconnaissance et l'exécution des sentences arbitrales étrangères
Crdl Convention relative aux droits de l'enfant
Crpc Convention relative à la procédure civile
Cst. Constitution fédérale de la Confédération suisse
Ctflij Convention tendant à faciliter l'accès international à la justice
D:
DPA Loi fédérale sur le droit pénal administratif
DPMin Loi fédérale régissant la condition pénale des mineurs
L:
LAA Loi fédérale sur l'assurance-accidents
LACI Loi fédérale sur l'assurance-chômage obligatoire et l'indemnité en cas d'insolvabilité
LAGH Loi fédérale sur l'analyse génétique humaine
LAMal Loi fédérale sur l'assurance-maladie
LAP Loi fédérale sur l'approvisionnement économique du pays
LAPG Loi fédérale sur les allocations pour perte de gain en cas de service et de maternité
LAVI Loi fédérale sur l'aide aux victimes d'infractions
LAVS Loi fédérale sur l'assurance-vieillesse et survivants
LArm Loi fédérale sur les armes, les accessoires d'armes et les munitions
LAsi Loi sur l'asile
LB Loi fédérale sur les banques et les caisses d'épargne
LBVM Loi fédérale sur les bourses et le commerce des valeurs mobilières
LCA Loi fédérale sur le contrat d'assurance
LCD Loi fédérale contre la concurrence déloyale
LCF Loi fédérale sur le Contrôle fédéral des finances
LCR Loi fédérale sur la circulation routière
LCart Loi fédérale sur les cartels et autres restrictions à la concurrence
LCdF Loi fédérale sur les chemins de fer
LD Loi sur les douanes
LDA Loi fédérale sur le droit d'auteur et les droits voisins
LDFR Loi fédérale sur le droit foncier rural
LDIP Loi fédérale sur le droit international privé
LDP Loi fédérale sur les droits politiques
LEH Loi fédérale sur les privilèges, les immunités et les facilités, ainsi que sur les aides financières accordés par la Suisse en tant qu'Etat hôte
LEI Loi fédérale sur les étrangers et l'intégration
LEg Loi fédérale sur l'égalité entre femmes et hommes
LF-CLaH Loi fédérale relative à la Convention de La Haye sur l'adoption et aux mesures de protection de l'enfant en cas d'adoption internationale
LF-EEA Loi fédérale sur l'enlèvement international d'enfants et les Conventions de La Haye sur la protection des enfants et des adultes
LFAIE Loi fédérale sur l'acquisition d'immeubles par des personnes à l'étranger
LFC Loi sur les finances de la Confédération
LFINMA Loi sur l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers
LFLP Loi fédérale sur le libre passage dans la prévoyance professionnelle vieillesse, survivants et invalidité
LFPr Loi fédérale sur la formation professionnelle
LFus Loi fédérale sur la fusion, la scission, la transformation et le transfert de patrimoine
LHID Loi fédérale sur l'harmonisation des impôts directs des cantons et des communes
LIA Loi fédérale sur l'impôt anticipé (LIA)
LIFD Loi fédérale sur l'impôt fédéral direct
LIMF Loi fédérale sur les infrastructures des marchés financiers et le comportement sur le marché en matière de négociation de valeurs mobilières et de dérivés*
LLCA Loi fédérale sur la libre circulation des avocats
LLG Loi sur l'émission de lettres de gage
LMP Loi fédérale sur les marchés publics
LN Loi fédérale sur l'acquisition et la perte de la nationalité suisse
LOAP Loi fédérale sur l'organisation des autorités pénales de la Confédération
LP Loi fédérale sur la poursuite pour dettes et la faillite
LPCC Loi fédérale sur les placements collectifs de capitaux*
LPD Loi fédérale sur la protection des données
LPM Loi fédérale sur la protection des marques et des indications de provenance
LPMA Loi fédérale sur la procréation médicalement assistée*
LPP Loi fédérale sur la prévoyance professionnelle vieillesse, survivants et invalidité
LPPCi Loi fédérale sur la protection de la population et sur la protection civile
LParl Loisur l'Assemblée fédérale
LPart Loi fédérale sur le partenariat enregistré entre personnes du même sexe
LPers Loi sur le personnel de la Confédération
LRCF Loi fédérale sur la responsabilité de la Confédération, des membres de ses autorités et de ses fonctionnaires
LRFP Loi fédérale sur la responsabilité du fait des produits
LSA Loi fédérale sur la surveillance des entreprises d'assurance
LSPr Loi fédérale concernant la surveillance des prix
LSR Loi fédérale sur l'agrément et la surveillance des réviseurs
LStup Loi fédérale sur les stupéfiants et les substances psychotropes
LSu Loi fédérale sur les aides financières et les indemnités
LT Loi fédérale sur les droits de timbre
LTAF Loi sur le Tribunal administratif fédéral
LTF Loi sur le Tribunal fédéral
LTFB Loi<em></em>sur le Tribunal fédéral des brevets
LTI Loi fédérale sur les titres intermédiés
LTVA Loi fédérale régissant la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée
LTaD Loi sur le tarif des douanes
LTr Loi fédérale sur le travail dans l'industrie, l'artisanat et le commerce
O:
OAAE Ordonnance sur l'acte authentique électronique
OACata Ordonnance sur l'aide en cas de catastrophe à l'étranger
OAIE Ordonnance sur l'acquisition d'immeubles par des personnes à l'étranger
OAOF Ordonnance sur l'administration des offices de faillite
OAdo Ordonnance sur l'adoption
OB Ordonnance sur les banques et les caisses d'épargne
OBVM Ordonnance sur les bourses et le commerce des valeurs mobilières
OCEl-PCPP Ordonnance sur la communication électronique dans le cadre de procédures civiles et pénales et de procédures en matière de poursuite pour dettes et de faillite
ODAu Ordonnance sur le droit d'auteur et les droits voisins
ODFR Ordonnance sur le droit foncier rural
OEC Ordonnance sur l'état civil
OELP Ordonnance sur les émoluments perçus en application de la loi fédérale sur la poursuite pour dettes et la faillite
OFA-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur la faillite des entreprises d'assurance
OFPC-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur la faillite de placements collectifs de capitaux
OGPCT Ordonnance sur la gestion du patrimoine dans le cadre d'une curatelle ou d'une tutelle
OHS-LP Ordonnance relative à la haute surveillance en matière de poursuite et de faillite
OIA Ordonnance sur l'impôt anticipé
OIB-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur l'insolvabilité des banques et des négociants en valeurs mobilières
OIMF Ordonnance sur les infrastructures des marchés financiers et le comportement sur le marché en matière de négociation de valeurs mobilières et de dérivés
OIMF-FINMA Ordonnance
OIP Ordonnance sur l'indication des prix
OLAA Ordonnance sur l'assurance-accidents
OLPD Ordonnance relative à la loi fédérale sur la protection des données
OLT 1 Ordonnance 1 relative à la loi sur le travail
ONCR Ordonnance sur les normes comptables reconnues
OPC Ordonnance concernant la saisie et la réalisation de parts de communautés
OPC-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur les placements collectifs de capitaux
OPCC Ordonnance sur les placements collectifs de capitaux
OPE Ordonnance sur le placement d'enfants
ORAb Ordonnance contre les rémunérations abusives dans les sociétés anonymes cotées en bourse
ORC Ordonnance sur le registre du commerce
ORF Ordonnance sur le registre foncier
ORFI Ordonnance du Tribunal fédéral sur la réalisation forcée des immeubles
OS Ordonnance sur la surveillance des entreprises d'assurance privées
OS LCart Ordonnance sur les sanctions en cas de restrictions illicites à la concurrence
OS-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur la surveillance des entreprises d'assurance privées
OSAss Ordonnance concernant la saisie, le séquestre et la réalisation des droits découlant d'assurances d'après la loi fédérale du 2 avril 1908 sur le contrat d'assurance
OT Ordonnance sur les droits de timbre
OTVA Ordonnance régissant la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée
Occd Ordonnance sur le contrôle des concentrations d'entreprises
Ocj Ordonnance sur le casier judiciaire
Olico Ordonnance concernant la tenue et la conservation des livres de comptes
P:
PA Loi fédérale sur la procédure administrative
PPMin Loi fédérale sur la procédure pénale applicable aux mineurs
R:
RAPG Règlement sur les allocations pour perte de gain
RAVS Règlement sur l'assurance-vieillesse et survivants
C:
C Convenzione
CC Codice civile svizzero
CEDU Convenzione per la salvaguardia dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali
CLug Convenzione concernente la competenza giurisdizionale, il riconoscimento e l'esecuzione delle decisioni in materia civile e commerciale
CO Legge federale di complemento del Codice civile svizzero
CP Codice penale svizzero
CPC Codice di diritto processuale civile svizzero
CPM Codice penale militare
CPP Codice di diritto processuale penale svizzero
Ccrldsae Convenzione concernente il riconoscimento e l'esecuzione delle sentenze arbitrali estere
Cdf Convenzione sui diritti del fanciullo
Cost. Costituzione federale della Confederazione Svizzera
Crapc Convenzione relativa alla procedura civile
Csacrim Convenzione sugli aspetti civili del rapimento internazionale di minori
Cspida Convenzione sulla protezione internazionale degli adulti
Cspmscmai Convenzione sulla protezione dei minori e sulla cooperazione in materia di adozione internazionale
Cvfliag Convenzione volta a facilitare l'accesso internazionale alla giustizia
D:
DPA Legge federale sul diritto penale amministrativo
DPMin Legge federale sul diritto penale minorile
L:
LADI Legge federale sull'assicurazione obbligatoria contro la disoccupazione e l'indennità per insolvenza
LAFE Legge federale sull'acquisto di fondi da parte di persone all'estero
LAID Legge federale sull'armonizzazione delle imposte dirette dei Cantoni e dei Comuni
LAINF Legge federale sull'assicurazione contro gli infortuni
LAMal Legge federale sull'assicurazione malattie
LAP Legge federale sull'approvvigionamento economico del Paese
LAPub Legge federale sugli acquisti pubblici
LAV Legge federale concernente l'aiuto alle vittime di reati
LAVS Legge federale su l'assicurazione per la vecchiaia e per i superstiti
LArm Legge federale sulle armi, gli accessori di armi e le munizioni
LAsi Legge sull'asilo
LBCR Legge federale sulle banche e le casse di risparmio