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Swiss Civil Procedure Code

English is not an official language of the Swiss Confederation. This translation is provided for information purposes only and has no legal force.

The Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation,

based on Article 122 paragraph 1 of the Federal Constitution1, and having considered the Federal Council Dispatch of 28 June 20062,

decrees:

Part 1 General Provisions

Title 1 Subject Matter and Scope of Application

Art. 1 Subject matter

This Code gov­erns the pro­ceed­ings be­fore the can­ton­al au­thor­it­ies for:

a.
con­ten­tious civil mat­ters;
b.
court or­ders in non-con­ten­tious mat­ters;
c.
court or­ders in mat­ters of debt en­force­ment and bank­ruptcy law;
d.
ar­bit­ra­tion.

Art. 2 International matters

The pro­vi­sions of in­ter­na­tion­al treat­ies and of the Fed­er­al Act of 18 Decem­ber 19871 on In­ter­na­tion­al Private Law (IPLA) are re­served.


1 SR 291

Art. 3 Organisation of the courts and the conciliation authorities

The or­gan­isa­tion of the courts and the con­cili­ation au­thor­it­ies is in the com­pet­ence of the can­tons, un­less the law provides oth­er­wise.

Title 2 Jurisdiction of the Courts and Recusal

Chapter 1 Material Jurisdiction and Functional Jurisdiction

Art. 4 Principles

1Can­ton­al law gov­erns the ma­ter­i­al jur­is­dic­tion and func­tion­al jur­is­dic­tion of the courts, un­less the law provides oth­er­wise.

2If the ma­ter­i­al jur­is­dic­tion de­pends on the value in dis­pute, such value is cal­cu­lated ac­cord­ing to this Code.

Art. 5 Court of sole cantonal instance

1The can­ton­al law des­ig­nates the court that has jur­is­dic­tion as sole can­ton­al in­stance for:

a.
dis­putes in con­nec­tion with in­tel­lec­tu­al prop­erty rights, in­clud­ing dis­putes con­cern­ing the nullity, own­er­ship, li­cens­ing, trans­fer and vi­ol­a­tion of such rights;
b.
car­tel law dis­putes;
c.
dis­putes on the use of a busi­ness name;
d.
dis­putes un­der the Un­fair Com­pet­i­tion Act of 19 Decem­ber 19861 if the amount in dis­pute ex­ceeds 30,000 francs or if the Con­fed­er­a­tion ex­er­cises its right to file an ac­tion;
e.
dis­putes un­der the Nuc­le­ar En­ergy Pub­lic Li­ab­il­ity Act of 18 March 19832;
f.
claims against the Con­fed­er­a­tion;
g.
the des­ig­na­tion of a spe­cial comp­troller by vir­tue of Art­icle 697b of the Code of Ob­lig­a­tions (CO)3;
h.4
dis­putes un­der the Col­lect­ive In­vest­ment Schemes Act of 23 June 20065, the Fin­an­cial Mar­ket In­fra­struc­ture Act of 19 June 20156 and the Fin­an­cial In­situ­tions Act of 15 June 20187;
i.8
dis­putes un­der the Coat of Arms Pro­tec­tion Act of 21 June 20139, the Fed­er­al Act of 25 March 195410 on the Pro­tec­tion of the Em­blem and Name of the Red Cross and the Fed­er­al Act of 15 Decem­ber 196111 on the Pro­tec­tion of the Names and Em­blems of the United Na­tions Or­gan­iz­a­tion and oth­er In­ter­gov­ern­ment­al Or­gan­isa­tions.

2This court is also com­pet­ent to or­der in­ter­im meas­ures be­fore an ac­tion is pending.


1 SR 241
2 SR 732.44
3 SR 220
4 Amended by An­nex No II 4 of the Fin­an­cial In­sti­tutes Act of 15 June 2018, in force since 1 Jan. 2020 (AS 2018 5247, 2019 4631; BBl 2015 8901).
5 SR 951.31
6 SR 958.1
7 SR 954.1
8 In­ser­ted by An­nex 3 No II 3 of the Coat of Arms Pro­tec­tion Act of 21 June 2013, in force since 1 Jan. 2017 (AS 2015 3679; BBl 2009 8533).
9 SR 232.21
10 SR 232.22
11 SR 232.23

Art. 6 Commercial Court

1The can­tons may des­ig­nate a spe­cial court that has jur­is­dic­tion as sole can­ton­al in­stance for com­mer­cial dis­putes (Com­mer­cial Court).

2A dis­pute is con­sidered com­mer­cial, if:

a.
it con­cerns the com­mer­cial activ­ity of at least one party;
b.
the de­cision is sub­ject to an ob­jec­tion in civil mat­ters to the Fed­er­al Su­preme Court; and
c.
the parties are re­gistered in the Swiss Com­mer­cial Re­gistry or in an equi­val­ent for­eign re­gistry.

3If only the de­fend­ant is re­gistered in the Swiss Com­mer­cial Re­gister or in an equi­val­ent for­eign re­gister, but all the oth­er con­di­tions are met, the plaintiff may choose between the Com­mer­cial Court and the or­din­ary court.

4The can­tons may also as­sign to the Com­mer­cial Court:

a.
the dis­putes men­tioned in Art­icle 5 para­graph 1;
b.
the dis­putes re­lat­ing to the law of com­mer­cial com­pan­ies and co­oper­at­ives.

5The Com­mer­cial Court is also com­pet­ent to or­der in­ter­im meas­ures be­fore an ac­tion is pending.

Art. 7 Disputes concerning insurance supplementary to social health insurance

The can­tons may des­ig­nate a court that has jur­is­dic­tion as sole can­ton­al in­stance for dis­putes re­lat­ing to in­sur­ance sup­ple­ment­ary to so­cial health in­sur­ance un­der the Fed­er­al Act of 18 March 19941 on Health In­sur­ance.


Art. 8 Direct action before the higher court

1If in a fin­an­cial dis­pute the value in dis­pute is at least CHF 100,000, the plaintiff may, with the con­sent of the de­fend­ant, file its ac­tion dir­ectly be­fore the high­er court.

2This court de­cides as the sole can­ton­al in­stance.

Chapter 2 Territorial Jurisdiction

Section 1 General Provisions

Art. 9 Mandatory jurisdiction

1A place of jur­is­dic­tion is man­dat­ory only if the law ex­pressly so provides.

2Parties may not derog­ate from a man­dat­ory place of jur­is­dic­tion.

Art. 10 Domicile and registered office

1Un­less this Code provides oth­er­wise, the fol­low­ing court has jur­is­dic­tion:

a.
for ac­tions against a nat­ur­al per­son: the court at the per­son's dom­i­cile;
b.
for ac­tions against leg­al en­tit­ies, pub­lic cor­por­a­tions and in­sti­tu­tions as well as gen­er­al part­ner­ships and lim­ited part­ner­ships: the court at the loc­a­tion of their re­gistered of­fice;
c.
for ac­tions against the Con­fed­er­a­tion: the Su­preme Court of the Can­ton of Bern or the su­preme court of the can­ton where the plaintiff's dom­i­cile, re­gistered of­fice or ha­bitu­al res­id­ence is loc­ated;
d.
for ac­tions against a can­ton: a court in the can­ton's cap­it­al.

2Dom­i­cile is de­term­ined in ac­cord­ance with the Civil Code (CC)1. Art­icle 24 CC does not ap­ply.


1 SR 210

Art. 11 Residence

1If the de­fend­ant has no dom­i­cile, the court at his or her ha­bitu­al res­id­ence has jur­is­dic­tion.

2A ha­bitu­al res­id­ence is the place where a per­son lives for a cer­tain peri­od of time, even if that peri­od is lim­ited from the out­set.

3If the de­fend­ant has no ha­bitu­al res­id­ence, the court at his or her last known place of res­id­ence has jur­is­dic­tion.

Art. 12 Establishment

For ac­tions arising out of the com­mer­cial or pro­fes­sion­al activ­ity of an es­tab­lish­ment or branch, the court at the de­fend­ant's dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice or at the loc­a­tion of the es­tab­lish­ment has jur­is­dic­tion.

Art. 13 Interim measures

Un­less the law provides oth­er­wise, the fol­low­ing court has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion to or­der in­ter­im meas­ures:

a.
the court that has jur­is­dic­tion to de­cide the main ac­tion; or
b.
the court at the place where the meas­ure is to be en­forced.

Art. 14 Counterclaim

1A coun­ter­claim may be filed in the court that has jur­is­dic­tion over the main ac­tion, provided the coun­ter­claim has a fac­tu­al con­nec­tion with the main ac­tion.

2This place of jur­is­dic­tion sub­sists even if the main ac­tion is dis­missed for whatever reas­on.

Art. 15 Joinder of parties and joinder of actions

1If an ac­tion is dir­ec­ted against two or more de­fend­ants, the court that has jur­is­dic­tion with re­gard to one de­fend­ant has jur­is­dic­tion with re­gard to all de­fend­ants un­less jur­is­dic­tion is based solely on an agree­ment on jur­is­dic­tion.

2If two or more ac­tions that are fac­tu­al con­nec­ted are raised against one and the same de­fend­ant, each court that has jur­is­dic­tion over any one of the ac­tions has jur­is­dic­tion over all of them.

Art. 16 Third party action

The court that has jur­is­dic­tion to de­cide the main ac­tion also de­cides on the third party ac­tion.

Art. 17 Agreement on jurisdiction

1Un­less the law provides oth­er­wise, the parties may agree on which court has jur­is­dic­tion over an ex­ist­ing or fu­ture dis­pute arising from a par­tic­u­lar leg­al re­la­tion­ship. Un­less the agree­ment provides oth­er­wise, the ac­tion may only be brought be­fore agreed court.

2The agree­ment must be in writ­ing or in any oth­er form al­low­ing it to be evid­enced by text.

Art. 18 Acceptance by appearance

Un­less the law provides oth­er­wise, the seised court has jur­is­dic­tion if the de­fend­ant enters an ap­pear­ance on the mer­its without ob­ject­ing to the court's jur­is­dic­tion.

Art. 19 Non-contentious matters

Un­less the law provides oth­er­wise, the court or au­thor­ity at the dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice of the ap­plic­ant has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion over non-con­ten­tious mat­ters.

Section 2 Law of Persons

Art. 20 Protection of personal privacy and data protection

The court at the dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice of either of the parties has jur­is­dic­tion to de­cide on:

a.
ac­tions based on an in­va­sion of the per­son­al pri­vacy;
b.
re­quests for a right of reply;
c.
ac­tions for name pro­tec­tion and ac­tions chal­len­ging a name change;
d.
ac­tions and re­quests based on Art­icle 15 of the Fed­er­al Act of 19 June 19921 on Data Pro­tec­tion.

1 SR 235.1

Art. 21 Declaration of death and declaration of presumed death

The court at the last known dom­i­cile of the miss­ing per­son has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion over ap­plic­a­tions re­lat­ing to a de­clar­a­tion of death or de­clar­a­tion of pre­sumed death (Art. 34 to 38 CC1).


1 SR 210

Art. 22 Modification of the civil register

For ac­tions con­cern­ing the modi­fic­a­tion of the civil re­gister, the court of the dis­trict in which the entry to be mod­i­fied was made or should have been made has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion.

Section 3 Family Law

Art. 23 Applications and actions based on marital law

1The court at the dom­i­cile of either of the parties has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion over ap­plic­a­tions and ac­tions based on mar­it­al law as well as ap­plic­a­tions for in­ter­im meas­ures.

2The court at the dom­i­cile of the debt­or has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion over ap­plic­a­tions for sep­ar­a­tion of prop­erty by the su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity in debt en­force­ment and bank­ruptcy mat­ters.

Art. 24 Applications and actions in registered partnership matters

The court at the dom­i­cile of one of the parties has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion over ap­plic­a­tions and ac­tions in mat­ters of re­gistered part­ner­ships as well as re­quests for in­ter­im meas­ures.

Art. 25 Actions relating to parent-child relationships

The court at the dom­i­cile of one of the parties has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion over ac­tions to de­clare or con­test a par­ent-child re­la­tion­ship.

Art. 26 Actions for maintenance and assistance

The court at the dom­i­cile of either of the parties has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion over sep­ar­ate ac­tions claim­ing main­ten­ance brought by chil­dren against their par­ents or for ac­tions against re­l­at­ives with an ob­lig­a­tion to provide as­sist­ance.

Art. 27 Claims of the unmarried mother

The court at the dom­i­cile of either of the parties has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion over the claims of the un­mar­ried moth­er.

Section 4 Law of Succession

Art. 28

1The court at the last dom­i­cile of the de­ceased has jur­is­dic­tion over ac­tions un­der the law of suc­ces­sion as well as ac­tions for the di­vi­sion of the mar­it­al prop­erty on the death of a spouse or a re­gistered part­ner.

2The au­thor­it­ies at the last dom­i­cile of the de­ceased have man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion over meas­ures in con­nec­tion with suc­ces­sion. If death did not oc­cur at the dom­i­cile, the au­thor­it­ies at the place of death shall no­ti­fy the au­thor­it­ies at the place of dom­i­cile and take the ne­ces­sary meas­ures to en­sure the con­ser­va­tion of the as­sets situ­ated at the place of death.

3In­de­pend­ent ac­tions for the al­loc­a­tion on death of an ag­ri­cul­tur­al en­ter­prise or ag­ri­cul­tur­al land may also be brought be­fore the court at the place where the prop­erty is loc­ated.

Section 5 Property Law

Art. 29 Immovable property

1The court at the place where a prop­erty is or should be re­cor­ded in the land re­gister has jur­is­dic­tion to de­cide on:

a.
ac­tions in rem;
b.
ac­tions against the com­munity of con­domin­i­um own­ers;
c.
ac­tions for the re­gis­tra­tion of stat­utory charges on im­mov­able prop­erty.

2Oth­er ac­tions re­lat­ing to im­mov­able prop­erty rights may also be brought be­fore the court at the dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice of the de­fend­ant.

3If an ac­tion con­cerns mul­tiple prop­er­ties or if a prop­erty is re­cor­ded in the land re­gister of sev­er­al dis­tricts, the court where the largest prop­erty or the largest part of the prop­erty is situ­ated has jur­is­dic­tion.

4In non-con­ten­tious mat­ters re­lat­ing to im­mov­able prop­erty rights, the court at the place where the prop­erty is or should be re­cor­ded in the land re­gister has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion.

Art. 30 Chattels

1For ac­tions re­lat­ing to rights in rem or pos­ses­sion of chat­tels or claims se­cured by charges on chat­tels, the court at the dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice of the de­fend­ant or at the place where the item is loc­ated has jur­is­dic­tion.

2In non-con­ten­tious mat­ters, the court at the dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice of the ap­plic­ant or with the court at the place where the item is loc­ated has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion.

Section 6 Actions in Contract

Art. 31 Principle

The court at the dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice of the de­fend­ant or at the place where the char­ac­ter­ist­ic per­form­ance must be rendered has jur­is­dic­tion over ac­tions re­lated to con­tracts.

Art. 32 Consumer contracts

1The fol­low­ing court has jur­is­dic­tion in dis­putes con­cern­ing con­sumer con­tracts:

a.
for ac­tions brought by the con­sumer: the court at the dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice of one of the parties;
b.
for ac­tions brought by the sup­pli­er: the court at the dom­i­cile of the de­fend­ant.

2Con­sumer con­tracts are con­tracts on sup­plies for or­din­ary con­sump­tion in­ten­ded for the per­son­al use of the con­sumer or his fam­ily and offered by the oth­er party in the course of its pro­fes­sion­al or com­mer­cial activ­ity.

Art. 33 Tenancy and lease of immovable property

The court at the place where the im­mov­able prop­erty is situ­ated has jur­is­dic­tion to de­cide ac­tions based on a con­tract for the ten­ancy or lease of im­mov­able prop­erty.

Art. 34 Employment Law

1The court at the dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice of the de­fend­ant or where the em­ploy­ee nor­mally car­ries out his or her work has jur­is­dic­tion to de­cide ac­tions re­lat­ing to em­ploy­ment law.

2If a job ap­plic­ant or an em­ploy­ee brings an ac­tion based on the Re­cruit­ment Act of 6 Oc­to­ber 19891, the court at the place of the busi­ness es­tab­lish­ment of the re­cruit­ment or hir­ing agent with whom the con­tract was con­cluded also has jur­is­dic­tion.


Art. 35 Waiver of statutory jurisdiction

1The fol­low­ing per­sons may not waive the jur­is­dic­tion provided for in Art­icles 32 to 34, wheth­er in by ad­vance agree­ment or by en­ter­ing ap­pear­ance:

a.
the con­sumer;
b.
the ten­ant or less­ee of a res­id­en­tial or busi­ness prop­erty;
c.
the farm­er in case of ag­ri­cul­tur­al farm leases;
d.
the per­son seek­ing em­ploy­ment or the em­ploy­ee.

2The con­clu­sion of an agree­ment on jur­is­dic­tion after the emer­gence of the dis­pute is re­served.

Section 7 Actions in Tort

Art. 36 Principle

The court at the dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice of the ag­grieved per­son or the de­fend­ant, or where the act oc­curred or had its ef­fect has jur­is­dic­tion over ac­tions in tort.

Art. 37 Damages for unjustified interim measures

The court at the dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice of the de­fend­ant or at the place where the meas­ures have been ordered has jur­is­dic­tion to de­cide ac­tions for dam­ages res­ult­ing from un­jus­ti­fied in­ter­im meas­ures.

Art. 38 Motor vehicle and bicycle accidents

1The court at the dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice of the de­fend­ant or at the place of the ac­ci­dent has jur­is­dic­tion to de­cide ac­tions res­ult­ing from mo­tor vehicle and bi­cycle ac­ci­dents.

2Ac­tions against the Swiss Na­tion­al Bur­eau of In­sur­ance (Art. 74 of the Road Traffic Act of 19 Decem­ber 19581; RTA) or against the Swiss Na­tion­al Guar­an­tee Fund (Art. 76 RTA) may also be brought be­fore the court at the place of any branch of such in­sti­tu­tions.


Art. 39 Incidental civil claim

The com­pet­ence of the crim­in­al court to de­cide in­cid­ent­al civil ac­tions is re­served.

Section 8 Commercial Law

Art. 40 Company law

The court at the dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice of the de­fend­ant or the court at the re­gistered of­fice of the com­pany has jur­is­dic­tion to de­cide ac­tions con­cern­ing li­ab­il­ity in com­pany law.

Art. 41


1 Re­pealed by No II 1 of the FA of 28 Sept. 2012, with ef­fect from 1 May 2013 (AS 2013 1103; BBl 2011 6875).

Art. 42 Mergers, demergers, transformations, transfers of assets and liabilities

The court at the re­gistered of­fice of one of the in­volved en­tit­ies has jur­is­dic­tion to de­cide ac­tions re­lat­ing to the Mer­gers Act of 3 Oc­to­ber 20031.


Art. 43 Cancellation of securities and insurance policies, injunction against payment

1The court at the re­gistered of­fice of the com­pany has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion to de­clare the can­cel­la­tion of shares.

2The court at the place where the im­mov­able prop­erty is re­cor­ded in the land re­gister has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion to de­clare the can­cel­la­tion of mort­gage in­stru­ments.

3The court at the dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice of the debt­or has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion to de­clare the can­cel­la­tion of oth­er se­cur­it­ies and in­sur­ance policies.

4The court at the place of pay­ment has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion to is­sue in­junc­tions against pay­ment un­der a bill of ex­change or cheque and to de­clare their can­cel­la­tion.

Art. 44 Bonds

The place of jur­is­dic­tion for the au­thor­isa­tion to con­vene a cred­it­ors' meet­ing is gov­erned by Art­icle 1165 CO1.


1 SR 220

Art. 45 Collective investment schemes

The court at the re­gistered of­fice of the con­cerned li­cence hold­er has man­dat­ory jur­is­dic­tion to de­cide on ac­tions brought by the in­vestors or the rep­res­ent­at­ive of the com­munity of in­vestors.

Section 9 Debt Enforcement and Bankruptcy Law

Art. 46

The place of jur­is­dic­tion for ac­tions un­der the Fed­er­al Act of 11 April 18891 on Debt En­force­ment and Bank­ruptcy (DEBA) is de­term­ined by this chapter un­less the DEBA provides for a place of jur­is­dic­tion.


1 SR 281.1

Chapter 3 Recusal

Art. 47 Grounds for recusal

1Judges and ju­di­cial of­ficers shall re­cuse them­selves if:

a.
they have a per­son­al in­terest in the case;
b.
they have ac­ted in the same case in an­oth­er ca­pa­city, in par­tic­u­lar as mem­ber of an au­thor­ity, leg­al agent, ex­pert wit­ness, wit­ness or me­di­at­or;
c.
they are or were mar­ried to, or live or lived in a re­gistered part­ner­ship or co-habit with a party or his or her rep­res­ent­at­ive or a per­son who has ac­ted in the same case as a mem­ber of the lower court;
d.
they are re­lated to a party by birth or mar­riage in dir­ect line or in col­lat­er­al line up to the third de­gree;
e.
they are re­lated by birth or mar­riage in dir­ect line or in col­lat­er­al line up to the second de­gree to the rep­res­ent­at­ive of a party or a per­son who has ac­ted in the same case as a mem­ber of the lower court;
f.
they may not be im­par­tial for oth­er reas­ons, not­ably due to friend­ship or enmity with a party or his or her rep­res­ent­at­ive.

2In­volve­ment in the fol­low­ing, in par­tic­u­lar, is in it­self no reas­on for re­cus­al:

a.
the de­cision on leg­al aid;
b.
the con­cili­ation pro­ceed­ings;
c.
the set­ting aside of an ob­jec­tion un­der Art­icles 80 to 84 DEBA1;
d.
the or­der­ing of in­ter­im meas­ures;
e.
pro­ceed­ings for pro­tec­tion of the mar­it­al uni­on.

1 SR 281.1

Art. 48 Duty to provide information

The judge or ju­di­cial of­ficer con­cerned shall make a timely dis­clos­ure of any pos­sible reas­on for re­cus­al and shall re­cuse him- or her­self vol­un­tar­ily if he or she con­siders that such reas­on ex­ists.

Art. 49 Application for recusal

1A party that wishes to chal­lenge a judge or ju­di­cial of­ficer must file the cor­res­pond­ing ap­plic­a­tion as soon as it has be­come aware of the reas­on for re­cus­al. It must show cred­ibly the facts that jus­ti­fy the chal­lenge.

2The judge or ju­di­cial of­ficer con­cerned shall re­spond to the ap­plic­a­tion.

Art. 50 Decision

1If the reas­on giv­en for re­cus­al is dis­puted, the court shall de­cide.

2The de­cision may be chal­lenged by ob­jec­tion.

Art. 51 Consequences of violating the regulations on recusal

1Pro­ced­ur­al acts in which a per­son ob­liged to re­cuse him- or her­self has par­ti­cip­ated must be an­nulled and re­peated if a party so re­quests with­in 10 days of be­com­ing aware of the reas­on for re­cus­al.

2If the tak­ing of evid­ence can­not be re­peated, the rel­ev­ant evid­ence may be taken in­to con­sid­er­a­tion by the de­cid­ing court.

3If a reas­on for re­cus­al is de­tec­ted only after the close of the pro­ceed­ings, the pro­vi­sions on re­view ap­ply.

Title 3 Procedural Principles and Procedural Requirements

Chapter 1 Procedural Principles

Art. 52 Acting in good faith

All those who par­ti­cip­ate in pro­ceed­ings must act in good faith.

Art. 53 Right to be heard

1The parties have the right to be heard.

2They have in par­tic­u­lar the right to con­sult the case files and to ob­tain cop­ies there­of provided this does not con­flict with over­rid­ing pub­lic or private in­terests.

Art. 54 Publicity

1Hear­ings and any or­al passing of judg­ment shall be con­duc­ted in pub­lic. The de­cisions are made ac­cess­ible to the pub­lic.

2Can­ton­al law de­term­ines wheth­er the de­lib­er­a­tions are pub­lic.

3Pro­ceed­ings may be held com­pletely or par­tially in cam­era when re­quired by pub­lic in­terest or by the le­git­im­ate in­terests of a per­son in­volved.

4Fam­ily law pro­ceed­ings are not con­duc­ted in pub­lic.

Art. 55 Principles of production of evidence and of ex-officio investigation

1The parties must present the court with the facts in sup­port of their case and sub­mit the re­lated evid­ence.

2Stat­utory pro­vi­sions re­lat­ing to the ex-of­fi­cio es­tab­lish­ment of facts and tak­ing of evid­ence are re­served.

Art. 56 Court's duty to enquire

If a party's sub­mis­sions are un­clear, con­tra­dict­ory, am­bigu­ous or mani­festly in­com­plete, and the court shall give the party the op­por­tun­ity to cla­ri­fy or com­plete the sub­mis­sion by ask­ing ap­pro­pri­ate ques­tions.

Art. 57 Ex-officio application of the law

The court ap­plies the law ex-of­fi­cio.

Art. 58 Principles of non ultra petita and ex-officio assessment

1The court may not award a party any­thing more than or dif­fer­ent from what the party has re­ques­ted, nor less than what the op­pos­ing party has ac­know­ledged.

2The stat­utory pro­vi­sions un­der which the court is not bound by the parties' re­quests are re­served.

Chapter 2 Procedural Requirements

Art. 59 Principle

1The court shall con­sider an ac­tion or ap­plic­a­tion provided the pro­ced­ur­al re­quire­ments are sat­is­fied.

2Pro­ced­ur­al re­quire­ments are in par­tic­u­lar the fol­low­ing:

a.
the plaintiff or ap­plic­ant has a le­git­im­ate in­terest;
b.
the court has sub­ject mat­ter and ter­rit­ori­al jur­is­dic­tion;
c.
the parties have the ca­pa­city to be a party and the ca­pa­city to take leg­al ac­tion;
d.
the case is not the sub­ject of pending pro­ceed­ings else­where;
e.
the case is not already the sub­ject of a leg­ally-bind­ing de­cision;
f.
the ad­vance and se­cur­ity for costs have been paid.

Art. 60 Verification of compliance with the procedural requirements

The court shall ex­am­ine ex-of­fi­cio wheth­er the pro­ced­ur­al re­quire­ments are sat­is­fied.

Art. 61 Arbitration agreement

If the parties have con­cluded an ar­bit­ra­tion agree­ment re­lat­ing to an ar­bit­rable dis­pute, the seised court shall de­clines jur­is­dic­tion un­less:

a.
the de­fend­ant has made an ap­pear­ance without re­ser­va­tion;
b.
the court holds that the ar­bit­ra­tion agree­ment is mani­festly in­val­id or un­en­force­able; or
c.
the ar­bit­ral tribunal can­not be con­sti­tuted for reas­ons that are mani­festly at­trib­ut­able to the de­fend­ant in the ar­bit­ra­tion pro­ceed­ings.

Title 4 Pendency and Effects of Withdrawal of the Action

Art. 62 Start of pendency

1A case be­comes pending when an ap­plic­a­tion for con­cili­ation, an ac­tion, an ap­plic­a­tion, or a joint re­quest for di­vorce is filed.

2Con­firm­a­tion of re­ceipt of such sub­mis­sions shall be is­sued to the parties.

Art. 63 Pendency where the court has no jurisdiction or the procedure is incorrect

1If a sub­mis­sion that has been with­drawn or re­jec­ted due to lack of jur­is­dic­tion is filed again with the com­pet­ent con­cili­ation au­thor­ity or court with­in one month of with­draw­al or the de­clar­a­tion of non-ad­miss­ib­il­ity, the date of the first fil­ing is deemed to be the date of pen­dency.

2The same ap­plies if the claim was not filed un­der the prop­er pro­ced­ure.

3The spe­cial stat­utory dead­lines for fil­ing ac­tions un­der the DEBA1 are re­served.


1 SR 281.1

Art. 64 Effects of pendency

1The pen­dency of an ac­tion has in par­tic­u­lar the fol­low­ing ef­fects:

a
the sub­ject mat­ter of the dis­pute may not be made pending else­where between the same parties;
b.
the ter­rit­ori­al jur­is­dic­tion of the court is main­tained.

2When com­pli­ance with stat­utory dead­line un­der private law de­pends on the date of the state­ment of claim, of rais­ing an ac­tion or of an­oth­er act ini­ti­at­ing leg­al pro­ceed­ings, the rel­ev­ant mo­ment is that of pen­dency in ac­cord­ance with this Code.

Art. 65 Effects of withdrawal

Any per­son who with­draws an ac­tion be­fore the com­pet­ent court may not bring pro­ceed­ings again against the same party on the same sub­ject mat­ter if the court has already served the state­ment of claim on the de­fend­ant and the de­fend­ant does not con­sent to its with­draw­al.

Title 5 Parties and Participation of Third Parties

Chapter 1 Capacity to be a Party and Capacity to take Legal Action

Art. 66 Capacity to be a party

The ca­pa­city to be a party is sub­ject to leg­al ca­pa­city or the qual­i­fic­a­tion as a party by vir­tue of fed­er­al law.

Art. 67 Capacity to take legal action

1Any per­son who has the ca­pa­city to act has the ca­pa­city to take leg­al ac­tion.

2A per­son without ca­pa­city to act may act through his leg­al rep­res­ent­at­ive.

3Provided a per­son without the ca­pa­city to act has the ca­pa­city to con­sent, he or she may:

a.
in­de­pend­ently ex­er­cise those rights con­ferred by vir­tue of his or her per­son­al­ity;
b.
tem­por­ar­ily take the acts ne­ces­sary in cases of im­min­ent danger.

Chapter 2 Representation of the Parties

Art. 68 Representation by agreement

1Any per­son who has ca­pa­city to take leg­al ac­tion may choose to be rep­res­en­ted in pro­ceed­ings.

2The fol­low­ing per­sons are al­lowed to act as pro­fes­sion­al rep­res­ent­at­ives:

a.
in all pro­ceed­ings: law­yers ad­mit­ted to rep­res­ent parties be­fore Swiss courts un­der the Law­yers Act of 23 June 20001;
b.
be­fore the con­cili­ation au­thor­it­ies, in fin­an­cial dis­putes un­der the sim­pli­fied pro­ced­ure and in cases un­der the sum­mary pro­ced­ure: li­censed ad­min­is­trat­ors and leg­al agents if provided for by can­ton­al law;
c.
in cases un­der the sum­mary pro­ced­ure in ac­cord­ance with Art­icle 251 of this Code: pro­fes­sion­al rep­res­ent­at­ives un­der Art­icle 27 DEBA2;
d.
be­fore the spe­cial courts for ten­ancy mat­ters and for em­ploy­ment mat­ters: pro­fes­sion­ally qual­i­fied rep­res­ent­at­ives if provided for by can­ton­al law.

3The rep­res­ent­at­ive must prove his or her au­thor­ity by power of at­tor­ney.

4The court may or­der the per­son­al ap­pear­ance of a rep­res­en­ted party.


Art. 69 Inability to appear

1If a party is mani­festly un­able to ap­pear, the court may in­vite that party to ap­point a rep­res­ent­at­ive. If the party does not com­ply with­in the set dead­line, a rep­res­ent­at­ive shall be ap­poin­ted by the court.

2The court shall no­ti­fy the Adult and Child Pro­tec­tion Au­thor­ity if pro­tect­ive meas­ures are deemed ne­ces­sary.1


1 Amended by An­nex 2 No 3, in force since 1 Jan. 2013 (AS 2010 1739, 2011 725; BBl 2006 7221, 2006 7001).

Chapter 3 Joinder of Parties

Art. 70 Mandatory joinder

1If two or more per­sons are in a leg­al re­la­tion­ship that calls for one single de­cision with ef­fect for all of them, they must jointly ap­pear as plaintiffs or be sued as joint de­fend­ants.

2Pro­ced­ur­al meas­ures duly taken by one of the joint parties are like­wise ef­fect­ive for the oth­ers, with the ex­cep­tion of chal­len­ging a de­cision.

Art. 71 Voluntary joinder

1Two or more per­sons whose rights and du­ties res­ult from sim­il­ar cir­cum­stances or leg­al grounds may jointly ap­pear as plaintiffs or be sued as joint de­fend­ants.

2Vol­un­tary join­der is ex­cluded if the in­di­vidu­al cases are sub­ject to dif­fer­ent types of pro­ced­ure.

3Each of the joint parties may pro­ceed in­de­pend­ently from the oth­ers.

Art. 72 Joint representation

The joint parties may ap­point a joint rep­res­ent­at­ive, fail­ing which ser­vice is made to each party in­di­vidu­ally.

Chapter 4 Third Party Intervention

Section 1 Principal Intervention

Art. 73

1Any per­son who claims to have a bet­ter right in the ob­ject of a dis­pute, to the total or par­tial ex­clu­sion of both parties, may bring a claim dir­ectly against both parties in the court in which the dis­pute is pending in first in­stance.

2The court may either sus­pend the pro­ceed­ings un­til the case of the prin­cip­al in­ter­ven­or is fi­nally con­cluded, or join the two cases.

Section 2 Accessory Intervention

Art. 74 Principle

Any per­son who shows a cred­ible leg­al in­terest in hav­ing a pending dis­pute de­cided in fa­vour of one of the parties may in­ter­vene at any time as an ac­cess­ory party and for this pur­pose sub­mit to the court an in­ter­ven­tion ap­plic­a­tion.

Art. 75 Application

1The ap­plic­a­tion for in­ter­ven­tion shall in­dic­ate the reas­ons for in­ter­ven­tion and the party in whose fa­vour the in­ter­ven­tion is made.

2The court de­cides on the ap­plic­a­tion after hear­ing the parties. The de­cision may be chal­lenged by way of ob­jec­tion.

Art. 76 Rights of the Intervenor

1The in­ter­ven­or may carry out any pro­ced­ur­al acts in sup­port of the prin­cip­al party, provided they are per­mit­ted at the rel­ev­ant stage of the pro­ceed­ings; he or she may in par­tic­u­lar make use of any of­fens­ive or de­fens­ive meas­ures and also seek ap­pel­late rem­ed­ies.

2The pro­ced­ur­al acts of the in­ter­ven­or shall not be taken in­to con­sid­er­a­tion in the pro­ceed­ings if they are con­tra­dict­ory to those of the prin­cip­al party.

Art. 77 Effect of intervention

A res­ult that is un­fa­vour­able to the prin­cip­al party is ef­fect­ive against the in­ter­ven­or, un­less:

a.
the state of the pro­ceed­ings at the mo­ment of in­ter­ven­tion or the acts or omis­sions of the prin­cip­al party have pre­ven­ted the in­ter­ven­or from mak­ing use of of­fens­ive or de­fens­ive meas­ures; or
b.
the prin­cip­al party has failed, wil­fully or through gross neg­li­gence, to make use of of­fens­ive or de­fens­ive meas­ures of which the in­ter­ven­or was not aware.

Chapter 5 Third Party Notice and Third Party Action

Section 1 Third Party Notice

Art. 78 Principles

1A party may no­ti­fy a third party of the dis­pute if, in the event of be­ing un­suc­cess­ful, he or she might take re­course against or be sub­ject to re­course by a third party.

2The no­ti­fied third party may also give no­tice of the dis­pute.

Art. 79 Standing of the third party

1The no­ti­fied third party may:

a.
in­ter­vene in fa­vour of the no­ti­fy­ing prin­cip­al party, without fur­ther con­di­tions; or
b.
pro­ceed in place of the no­ti­fy­ing prin­cip­al party, with the con­sent of the lat­ter.

2If the no­ti­fied third party re­fuses to in­ter­vene or does not an­swer the no­ti­fic­a­tion, the pro­ceed­ings shall con­tin­ue without con­sid­er­ing the third party.

Art. 80 Effects of notice

Art­icle 77 ap­plies by ana­logy.

Section 2 Third Party Action

Art. 81 Principles

1The no­ti­fy­ing party may as­sert the rights that he or she be­lieves he or she will have against the no­ti­fied third party in the event that he or she is un­suc­cess­ful in the court that is deal­ing with the main ac­tion.

2The no­ti­fied third party may not bring a fur­ther third party ac­tion.

3The third party ac­tion is not ad­miss­ible un­der the sim­pli­fied or sum­mary pro­ced­ures.

Art. 82 Procedure

1The re­quest for the third party ac­tion to be ad­mit­ted must be made with the an­swers or the reply in the main pro­ceed­ings. The no­ti­fy­ing party shall set out the pray­ers to be raised against the third party to­geth­er with a brief state­ment of the grounds.

2The court shall give the op­pos­ing party and the third party the op­por­tun­ity to re­spond.

3If the third party ac­tion is ad­mit­ted, the court shall de­term­ine the time and ex­tent of the re­lated ex­change of writ­ten sub­mis­sions, sub­ject to Art­icle 125.

4The de­cision to ad­mit the third party ac­tion may be chal­lenged by way of ob­jec­tion.

Chapter 6 Substitution of a Party

Art. 83

1If the ob­ject in dis­pute is ali­en­ated in the course of the pro­ceed­ings, the ac­quirer may take up the pro­ceed­ings in place of the ali­en­at­ing party.

2The sub­sti­tute party is li­able for the en­tire costs of the pro­ceed­ings. The re­tir­ing party is jointly and sev­er­ally li­able for the costs in­curred un­til the sub­sti­tu­tion.

3In jus­ti­fied cases, the sub­sti­tut­ing party must, if so re­ques­ted by the op­pos­ing party, provide se­cur­ity to guar­an­tee the en­force­ment of the de­cision.

4In the ab­sence of ali­en­a­tion of the ob­ject in dis­pute, the sub­sti­tu­tion of a party is per­mit­ted only with the con­sent of the op­pos­ing party; spe­cial leg­al pro­vi­sions on the leg­al suc­ces­sion are re­served.

Title 6 Actions

Art. 84 Action for performance

1By fil­ing an ac­tion for per­form­ance, the plaintiff de­mands that the de­fend­ant be ordered to do, re­frain from do­ing or tol­er­ate something.

2In an ac­tion for the pay­ment of money, the amount must be spe­cified.

Art. 85 Action for an unquantified debt

1If it is im­possible or un­reas­on­able to quanti­fy the amount of the debt at the start of the pro­ceed­ings, the plaintiff may bring an ac­tion for an un­quan­ti­fied debt. However, the plaintiff must in­dic­ate a min­im­al amount as a pro­vi­sion­al value in dis­pute.

2Once evid­ence is taken or the re­quired in­form­a­tion fur­nished by the de­fend­ant, the plaintiff must quanti­fy the debt claim as soon as he or she is able to do so. The seised court main­tains com­pet­ence even if the value in dis­pute ex­ceeds its ma­ter­i­al jur­is­dic­tion.

Art. 86 Partial action

If a claim is di­vis­ible, an ac­tion for part of the claim may be brought.

Art. 87 Action to modify a legal relationship

By fil­ing an ac­tion to modi­fy a leg­al re­la­tion­ship, the plaintiff de­mands the cre­ation, modi­fic­a­tion or dis­sol­u­tion of a spe­cif­ic right or leg­al re­la­tion­ship.

Art. 88 Action for a declaratory judgment

By fil­ing an ac­tion for a de­clar­at­ory judg­ment, the plaintiff de­mands that the court es­tab­lish that a right or leg­al re­la­tion­ship ex­ists or does not ex­ist.

Art. 89 Group action

1As­so­ci­ations and oth­er or­gan­isa­tions of na­tion­al or re­gion­al im­port­ance that are au­thor­ised by their art­icles of as­so­ci­ation to pro­tect the in­terests of a cer­tain group of in­di­vidu­als may bring an ac­tion in their own name for a vi­ol­a­tion of the per­son­al­ity of the mem­bers of such group.

2They may re­quest the court:

a.
to pro­hib­it an im­min­ent vi­ol­a­tion;
b.
to put an end to an on­go­ing vi­ol­a­tion;
c.
to es­tab­lish the un­law­ful char­ac­ter of a vi­ol­a­tion if the lat­ter con­tin­ues to have a dis­turb­ing ef­fect.

3Spe­cial leg­al pro­vi­sions on group ac­tions are re­served.

Art. 90 Combination of actions

The plaintiff may com­bine two or more claims against the same party in one ac­tion, if:

a.
they are with­in the ma­ter­i­al jur­is­dic­tion of the same court; and
b.
they are sub­ject to the same type of pro­ced­ure.

Title 7 Value in Dispute

Art. 91 Principle

1The value in dis­pute is de­term­ined by the pray­ers for re­lief. In­terest, costs of the on­go­ing pro­ceed­ings or a pos­sible pub­lic­a­tion of the de­cision and the value of pos­sible sub­si­di­ary claims are not taken in­to ac­count.

2If the pray­ers for re­lief do not spe­cify a sum of money, the court shall de­term­ine the value in dis­pute if the parties are un­able to reach an agree­ment or if the in­form­a­tion they provide is mani­festly in­cor­rect.

Art. 92 Recurring usage or services

1Re­cur­ring us­age or ser­vices have the value of the cap­it­al they rep­res­ent.

2If the dur­a­tion of the re­cur­ring us­age or ser­vices is un­known or in­def­in­ite, the an­nu­al us­age or ser­vices mul­ti­plied by twenty is deemed to be the value of the cap­it­al; in case of a life an­nu­ity, the amount of the cap­it­al cor­res­ponds to the ac­tu­al cash value.

Art. 93 Joinder of parties and joinder of actions

1In the event of the vol­un­tary join­der of parties or join­der of ac­tions, the val­ues of the claims are ad­ded to­geth­er in­so­far as they are not mu­tu­ally ex­clus­ive.

2In case of per­missive join­der of parties, the type of pro­ced­ure for each claim is main­tained des­pite the ad­di­tion of their val­ues.

Art. 94 Counterclaim

1In the case of an ac­tion and coun­ter­claim, the value in dis­pute is de­term­ined by the ac­tion with the high­er value.

2For the pur­pose of de­term­in­ing the costs, the val­ues of the ac­tion and the coun­ter­claim are ad­ded to­geth­er in­so­far as they are not mu­tu­ally ex­clus­ive.

Title 8 Costs and Legal Aid

Chapter 1 Procedural Costs

Art. 95 Definitions

1The pro­ced­ur­al costs in­clude:

a.
the court costs;
b.
the party costs.

2The court costs in­clude:

a.
the fee for the con­cili­ation pro­ceed­ings;
b.
the fee for the de­cision (judg­ment fee);
c.
the costs of tak­ing evid­ence;
d.
the costs of trans­la­tion;
e.
the costs of rep­res­ent­a­tion for a child (Art. 299 and 300).

3The party costs in­clude:

a.
the re­im­burse­ment of ne­ces­sary out­lays;
b.
the costs for pro­fes­sion­al rep­res­ent­a­tion;
c.
in jus­ti­fied cases: reas­on­able com­pens­a­tion for per­son­al ef­forts if a party is not pro­fes­sion­ally rep­res­en­ted.

Art. 96 Tariffs

The can­tons set the tar­iffs for the pro­ced­ur­al costs.

Art. 97 Advice on procedural costs

The court shall ad­vise a party without leg­al rep­res­ent­a­tion on the costs to be ex­pec­ted and on leg­al aid.

Art. 98 Advance payment of costs

The court may de­mand that the plaintiff make an ad­vance pay­ment up to the amount of the ex­pec­ted court costs.

Art. 99 Security for party costs

1At the re­quest of the de­fend­ant, the plaintiff must provide se­cur­ity for party costs:

a.
if he or she has no res­id­ence or re­gistered of­fice in Switzer­land;
b.
if he or she ap­pears to be in­solv­ent, not­ably if he or she has been de­clared bank­rupt or is in­volved in on­go­ing com­pos­i­tion pro­ceed­ings or if cer­ti­fic­ates of un­paid debts have been is­sued;
c.
if he or she owes costs from pri­or pro­ceed­ings; or
d.
if for oth­er reas­ons there seems to be a con­sid­er­able risk that the com­pens­a­tion will not be paid.

2In the case of man­dat­ory join­der, se­cur­ity must be provided only if each party ful­fils one of the above men­tioned con­di­tions.

3No se­cur­ity need be provided:

a.
in sim­pli­fied pro­ceed­ings, with the ex­cep­tion of fin­an­cial dis­putes un­der Art­icle 243 para­graph 1;
b.
in di­vorce pro­ceed­ings;
c.
in sum­mary pro­ceed­ings, with the ex­cep­tion of the pro­ceed­ings in clear cases (Art. 257).

Art. 100 Nature and amount of security

1Se­cur­ity may be provided in cash or in the form of a guar­an­tee from a bank with a branch in Switzer­land or from an in­sur­ance com­pany au­thor­ised to op­er­ate in Switzer­land.

2The court may sub­sequently or­der the in­crease, re­duc­tion or re­turn of the se­cur­ity.

Art. 101 Provision of advance and security

1The court sets a dead­line for the pro­vi­sion of the ad­vance and the se­cur­ity.

2It may or­der in­ter­im meas­ures be­fore the se­cur­ity is provided.

3If the ad­vance or se­cur­ity is not provided even with­in a peri­od of grace, the ac­tion or ap­plic­a­tion shall be de­clared in­ad­miss­ible.

Art. 102 Advance for taking of evidence

1Each party shall ad­vance the costs for tak­ing the evid­ence that he or she re­quires.

2If the parties of­fer the same evid­ence, each party shall ad­vance half of the costs.

3If one party fails to pay an ad­vance, the oth­er party may do so, fail­ing which the evid­ence shall not be taken. Mat­ters in which the court must es­tab­lish the facts ex of­fi­cio are re­served.

Art. 103 Appellate remedy

De­cisions re­lat­ing to ad­vances of costs and se­cur­ity may be chal­lenged by way of ob­jec­tion.

Chapter 2 Allocation and Settlement of Procedural Costs

Art. 104 Decision on costs

1As a gen­er­al rule, the court de­cides on the pro­ced­ur­al costs in the fi­nal de­cision.

2Where an in­ter­im de­cision is made (Art. 237), the pro­ced­ur­al costs in­curred up to that point may be al­loc­ated.

3The de­cision on the pro­ced­ur­al costs for in­ter­im meas­ures may be de­ferred un­til the fi­nal de­cision on the mer­its.

4If a case is re­ferred back to a lower court, the high­er court may leave it to the lower court to al­loc­ate the costs of the ap­pel­late pro­ceed­ings.

Art. 105 Determination and allocation of costs

1The court costs are de­term­ined and al­loc­ated ex of­fi­cio.

2The court awards party costs ac­cord­ing to the tar­iffs (Art. 96). The parties may sub­mit a state­ment of costs.

Art. 106 General principles of allocation

1The costs are charged to the un­suc­cess­ful party. If an ac­tion is not ad­mit­ted by the court or if it is with­drawn, the plaintiff is deemed to be the un­suc­cess­ful party; in case of ac­cept­ance of the claim it is the de­fend­ant.

2If no party en­tirely is suc­cess­ful, the costs are al­loc­ated in ac­cord­ance with the out­come of the case.

3If three or more per­sons are par­ti­cip­at­ing in the pro­ceed­ings as prin­cip­al parties or ac­cess­ory parties, the court shall de­term­ine each party's share of the costs. It may hold the parties jointly and sev­er­ally li­able.

Art. 107 Discretionary allocation

1The court may di­verge from the gen­er­al prin­ciples of al­loc­a­tion and al­loc­ate the costs at its own dis­cre­tion:

a.
if an ac­tion has been up­held in prin­ciple but not the full amount claimed, and if the amount of the award was de­term­ined at the court's dis­cre­tion or if the claim was dif­fi­cult to quanti­fy;
b.
if a party was caused to lit­ig­ate in good faith;
c.
in fam­ily law pro­ceed­ings;
d.
in pro­ceed­ings re­lat­ing to a re­gistered part­ner­ship;
e.
if the pro­ceed­ings are dis­missed as ground­less and the law does not provide oth­er­wise;
f.
if there are oth­er ex­traordin­ary cir­cum­stances that would res­ult in an al­loc­a­tion ac­cord­ing to the out­come of the case be­ing in­equit­able.

2Court costs that are not at­trib­ut­able to any party or third party may be charged to the can­ton if equit­able.

Art. 108 Unnecessary costs

Un­ne­ces­sary costs are charged to the party that caused them.

Art. 109 Allocation in the event of a settlement

1If a case is settled in court, the costs are charged to the parties ac­cord­ing to the terms of the set­tle­ment.

2The costs are al­loc­ated ac­cord­ing to Art­icles 106–108:

a
if the set­tle­ment does not provide for the al­loc­a­tion of costs; or
b.
if, in terms of the set­tle­ment, the costs are charged solely to a party that has been gran­ted leg­al aid.

Art. 110 Appellate remedy

The de­cision on costs may be sep­ar­ately chal­lenged by way of ob­jec­tion only.

Art. 111 Recovery of costs

1The court costs are set off against the ad­vances paid by the parties. The bal­ance is col­lec­ted from the per­son li­able to pay.

2The party li­able to pay shall re­im­burse the oth­er party his or her ad­vances and shall pay the oth­er party the party costs awar­ded.

3The pro­vi­sions on leg­al aid are re­served.

Art. 112 Deferment, waiver, prescription and interest

1The court may de­fer or, in the event of per­man­ent lack of means, waive the court costs.

2The debt pre­scribes ten years after the close of pro­ceed­ings.

3The de­fault in­terest is 5 per­cent.

Chapter 3 Special Provisions on Costs

Art. 113 Conciliation proceedings

1No party costs are awar­ded in con­cili­ation pro­ceed­ings. Pay­ment by the can­ton of leg­al agents un­der the leg­al aid sys­tem is re­served.

2No court costs are charged in dis­putes:

a.
re­lat­ing to the Gender Equal­ity Act of 24 March 19951;
b.
re­lat­ing to the Dis­ab­il­ity Dis­crim­in­a­tion Act of 13 Decem­ber 20022;
c.
re­lat­ing to the rent­al and lease of res­id­en­tial and busi­ness prop­erty or the lease of ag­ri­cul­tur­al prop­erty;
d.
re­lat­ing to an em­ploy­ment con­tract or the Re­cruit­ment Act of 6 Oc­to­ber 19893 up to an amount in dis­pute of 30,000 francs;
e.
re­lat­ing to the Par­ti­cip­a­tion Act of 17 Decem­ber 19934;
f.
re­lat­ing to in­sur­ance sup­ple­ment­ary to the so­cial health in­sur­ance un­der the Fed­er­al Act of 18 March 19945 on Health In­sur­ance.

Art. 114 Litigation proceedings

In lit­ig­a­tion pro­ceed­ings, no court costs are charged in dis­putes:

a.
re­lat­ing to the Gender Equal­ity Act of 24 March 19951;
b.
re­lat­ing to the Dis­ab­il­ity Dis­crim­in­a­tion Act of 13 Decem­ber 20022;
c.
re­lat­ing to an em­ploy­ment con­tract or the Re­cruit­ment Act of 6 Oc­to­ber 19893 up to an amount in dis­pute of 30,000 francs;
d.
re­lat­ing to the Par­ti­cip­a­tion Act of 17 Decem­ber 19934;
e.
re­lat­ing to in­sur­ance sup­ple­ment­ary to the so­cial health in­sur­ance un­der the Fed­er­al Act of 18 March 19945 on Health In­sur­ance;
f.6
be­cause of vi­ol­ence, threats or har­ass­ment un­der Art­icle 28b SCC7 or re­lat­ing to elec­tron­ic sur­veil­lance un­der Art­icle 28c SCC.

1 SR 151.1
2 SR 151.3
3 SR 823.11
4 SR 822.14
5 SR 832.10
6 In­ser­ted by No I 2 of the FA of 14 Dec. 2018 on Im­prov­ing the Pro­tec­tion of Per­sons Af­fected by Vi­ol­ence, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2020 (AS 2019 2273; BBl 2017 7307).
7 SR 210

Art. 115 Obligation to bear costs

1Court costs may also be charged in cost-free pro­ceed­ings to a party who pro­ceeds in a vex­a­tious man­ner or in bad faith.

2In the case of lit­ig­a­tion re­lat­ing to Art­icle 114 let­ter f, court costs may also be charged to the un­suc­cess­ful party if a pro­hib­i­tion pur­su­ant to Art­icle 28b SCC1 or elec­tron­ic sur­veil­lance pur­su­ant to Art­icle 28c SCC is ordered against them.2


1 SR 210
2 In­ser­ted by No I 2 of the FA of 14 Dec. 2018 on Im­prov­ing the Pro­tec­tion of Per­sons Af­fected by Vi­ol­ence, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2020 (AS 2019 2273; BBl 2017 7307).

Art. 116 Exemption under cantonal law

1The can­tons may provide for fur­ther ex­emp­tions from pro­ced­ur­al costs.

2Ex­emp­tions from costs that the can­ton provides for it­self, its com­munes or oth­er cor­por­a­tions un­der pub­lic can­ton­al law also ap­ply to the Con­fed­er­a­tion.

Chapter 4 Legal Aid

Art. 117 Entitlement

A per­son is en­titled to leg­al aid if:

a.
he or she does not have suf­fi­cient fin­an­cial re­sources; and
b.
his or her case does not seem devoid of any chances of suc­cess.

Art. 118 Extent

1Leg­al aid com­prises:

a.
an ex­emp­tion from the ob­lig­a­tion to pay ad­vances and provide se­cur­ity;
b.
an ex­emp­tion from court costs;
c.
the ap­point­ment by the court of a leg­al agent un­der the leg­al aid sys­tem if this is ne­ces­sary to pro­tect the rights of the party con­cerned, and in par­tic­u­lar if the op­pos­ing party is rep­res­en­ted by a leg­al agent; the leg­al agent un­der the leg­al aid sys­tem may be ap­poin­ted pri­or to the court hear­ing in or­der to pre­pare the pro­ceed­ings.

2Leg­al aid may be gran­ted for all or part of the case.

3The grant of leg­al aid does not re­lieve the party con­cerned from pay­ing party costs to the op­pos­ing party.

Art. 119 Application and procedure

1The ap­plic­a­tion for leg­al aid may be made be­fore or after an ac­tion be­comes pending.

2The ap­plic­ant must dis­close his or her fin­an­cial cir­cum­stances in­clud­ing in­come and as­sets and state his or her po­s­i­tion on the mer­its of the case and the evid­ence he or she in­tends to pro­duce. He or she may name a pre­ferred leg­al agent in the ap­plic­a­tion.

3The court shall de­cide on the ap­plic­a­tion in sum­mary pro­ceed­ings. The op­pos­ing party may be heard, and must be heard if leg­al aid is to cov­er se­cur­ity for party costs.

4In ex­cep­tion­al cir­cum­stances, leg­al aid may be gran­ted with ret­ro­spect­ive ef­fect.

5A new ap­plic­a­tion for leg­al aid must be made in ap­pel­late pro­ceed­ings.

6No court costs are charged for pro­ceed­ings re­lat­ing to the grant­ing of leg­al aid, ex­cept in cases of bad faith or vex­a­tious con­duct.

Art. 120 Revocation of legal aid

The court shall re­voke leg­al aid if the con­di­tions are no longer ful­filled or if it comes to light that they nev­er were ful­filled.

Art. 121 Appellate remedy

The de­cision by which leg­al aid is re­fused or re­voked in full or in part may be chal­lenged by way of ob­jec­tion.

Art. 122 Recovery of costs

1If a party with leg­al aid is un­suc­cess­ful, the costs shall be settled as fol­lows:

a.
the leg­al agent un­der the leg­al aid sys­tem shall be ad­equately re­mu­ner­ated by the can­ton;
b.
the court costs shall be charged to the can­ton;
c.
the op­pos­ing party shall have its ad­vances re­fun­ded;
d.
the party with leg­al aid must pay party costs to the op­pos­ing party.

2If the party with leg­al aid is suc­cess­ful, the leg­al agent un­der the leg­al aid sys­tem shall be ad­equately re­mu­ner­ated by the can­ton where com­pens­a­tion from the op­pos­ing party is ir­re­cov­er­able or likely to be ir­re­cov­er­able. By pay­ing the re­mu­ner­a­tion, the can­ton be­comes en­titled to en­force the claim for costs.

Art. 123 Reimbursement

1A party must re­im­burse the leg­al aid re­ceived as soon as he or she is in a po­s­i­tion to do so.

2The can­ton's claim pre­scribes 10 years after the close of pro­ceed­ings.

Title 9 Director of Proceedings, Procedural Acts and Deadlines

Chapter 1 Director of proceedings

Art. 124 Principles

1The court is the dir­ect­or of pro­ceed­ings. It is­sues the re­quired pro­ced­ur­al rul­ings to en­able the pro­ceed­ings to be pre­pared and con­duc­ted ef­fi­ciently.

2The role of dir­ect­or of pro­ceed­ings may be del­eg­ated to one of the mem­bers of the court.

3The court may at any time at­tempt to achieve an agree­ment between the parties.

Art. 125 Simplification of proceedings

In or­der to sim­pli­fy the pro­ceed­ings, the court may, in par­tic­u­lar:

a.
lim­it the pro­ceed­ings to in­di­vidu­al is­sues or pray­ers for re­lief;
b.
or­der the sep­ar­a­tion of jointly filed ac­tions;
c.
or­der the join­der of sep­ar­ately filed ac­tions;
d.
sep­ar­ate the coun­ter­claim from the main pro­ceed­ings.

Art. 126 Suspension of proceedings

1The court may sus­pend pro­ceed­ings if ap­pro­pri­ate. The pro­ceed­ings may be sus­pen­ded in par­tic­u­lar if the de­cision de­pends on the out­come of oth­er pro­ceed­ings.

2Sus­pen­sion may be chal­lenged by way of ob­jec­tion.

Art. 127 Transfer of connected cases

1If fac­tu­ally con­nec­ted cases are pending be­fore dif­fer­ent courts, the sub­sequently seised court may trans­fer the case to the court seised first if that court agrees to take over.

2The trans­fer may be chal­lenged by way of ob­jec­tion.

Art. 128 Procedural discipline and vexatious conduct

1Any per­son who vi­ol­ates de­cency in court or dis­rupts the course of the pro­ceed­ings shall be li­able to a rep­rim­and or a dis­cip­lin­ary fine not ex­ceed­ing 1,000 francs. In ad­di­tion, the court may ex­clude the per­son con­cerned from the hear­ing.

2The court may re­quest the as­sist­ance of the po­lice to en­force its or­ders.

3In the event of bad faith or vex­a­tious con­duct, the parties and their rep­res­ent­at­ives shall be li­able to a dis­cip­lin­ary fine not ex­ceed­ing 2,000 francs, and in the event of a re­pe­ti­tion not ex­ceed­ing 5,000 francs.

4The dis­cip­lin­ary fine may be chal­lenged by way of ob­jec­tion.

Chapter 2 Forms of Procedural Acts

Section 1 Language of the Proceedings

Art. 129

The pro­ceed­ings shall be held in the of­fi­cial lan­guage of the can­ton in which the case is heard. Can­tons that re­cog­nise two or more of­fi­cial lan­guages shall reg­u­late their use in the pro­ceed­ings.

Section 2 Party Submissions

Art. 130 Form

1Sub­mis­sions must be filed with the court in the form of pa­per doc­u­ments or elec­tron­ic­ally. They must be signed.

2In the case of elec­tron­ic sub­mis­sion, the sub­mis­sion and its en­clos­ures must bear a qual­i­fied elec­tron­ic sig­na­ture in ac­cord­ance with the Fed­er­al Act of 18 March 20162 on Elec­tron­ic Sig­na­tures. The Fed­er­al Coun­cil shall reg­u­late

a.
the format for sub­mis­sions and their at­tach­ments;
b.
the meth­od of trans­mis­sion;
c.
the re­quire­ments for re­quest­ing the sub­mis­sion of doc­u­ments in pa­per form in the event of tech­nic­al prob­lems.

1 Amended by An­nex No II 5 of the FA of 18 March 2016 on Elec­tron­ic Sig­na­tures, in force since 1 Jan. 2017 (AS 2016 4651; BBl 2014 1001).
2 SR 943.03

Art. 131 Number of copies

Sub­mis­sions and their at­tach­ments in pa­per form must be filed once for the court and once for each op­pos­ing party, fail­ing which the court may set a peri­od of grace or make the cop­ies at the de­fault­ing party's ex­pense.

Art. 132 Defective, querulous and abusive submissions

1The court shall set a dead­line for rec­ti­fy­ing form­al de­fects such as a miss­ing sig­na­ture or miss­ing power of at­tor­ney. In the event of de­fault, the sub­mis­sion is not taken in­to con­sid­er­a­tion.

2The same ap­plies to sub­mis­sions that are il­legible, im­prop­er, in­com­pre­hens­ible or in­co­her­ent.

3Quer­ulous or ab­us­ive sub­mis­sions are re­turned to the sender without fur­ther form­al­it­ies.

Section 3 Summons

Art. 133 Content

The sum­mons con­tains:

a.
the name and ad­dress of the summoned party;
b.
the mat­ter in dis­pute and the parties;
c.
the ca­pa­city in which the party is summoned;
d.
the place, date and time of the ap­pear­ance;
e.
the pro­ced­ur­al act to which the party is summoned;
f.
the con­sequences of de­fault;
g.
the date of the sum­mons and the seal of the court.

Art. 134 Timing

Un­less the law provides oth­er­wise, the sum­mons must be sent out at least 10 days pri­or to the date of ap­pear­ance.

Art. 135 Postponement of appearance

If there is good reas­on, the court may post­pone the date of an ap­pear­ance. It may do so:

a.
ex of­fi­cio; or
b.
if a re­quest to do so is made be­fore the date.

Section 4 Service of Process

Art. 136 Documents to be served

The court shall serve the per­sons con­cerned in par­tic­u­lar with:

a.
the sum­mons;
b.
rul­ings and de­cisions;
c.
the sub­mis­sions of the op­pos­ing party.

Art. 137 Service to a representative

If a party is rep­res­en­ted, ser­vice is made to the rep­res­ent­at­ive.

Art. 138 Form

1The sum­mons, rul­ings and de­cisions are served by re­gistered mail or by oth­er means against con­firm­a­tion of re­ceipt.

2Ser­vice is ac­com­plished when the doc­u­ment has been re­ceived by the ad­dress­ee or one of his or her em­ploy­ees or a per­son of at least 16 years of age liv­ing in the same house­hold, un­less the court in­structs that a doc­u­ment must be served per­son­ally on the ad­dress­ee.

3Ser­vice is also deemed to have been ef­fected:

a.
in the case of a re­gistered let­ter that has not been col­lec­ted: on the sev­enth day after the failed at­tempt to serve it provided the per­son had to ex­pect such ser­vice;
b.
in the case of per­son­al ser­vice if the ad­dress­ee re­fuses to ac­cept ser­vice and if such re­fus­al is re­cor­ded by the bear­er: on the day of re­fus­al.

4Oth­er doc­u­ments may be served by reg­u­lar mail.

Art. 139 Electronic service

1With the con­sent of the per­son con­cerned, sum­monses, rul­ings and de­cisions may be served elec­tron­ic­ally. They must bear an elec­tron­ic sig­na­ture in ac­cord­ance with the Fed­er­al Act of 18 March 20162 on Elec­tron­ic Sig­na­tures.

2The Fed­er­al Coun­cil reg­u­lates:

a. the sig­na­ture to be used;

b. the format for sum­monses, rul­ings and de­cisions and their at­tach­ments;

c. the meth­od of trans­mis­sion;

d.
the point in time at which the sum­mons, rul­ing or de­cision is deemed to have been served.

1 Amended by An­nex No II 5 of the FA of 18 March 2016 on Elec­tron­ic Sig­na­tures, in force since 1 Jan. 2017 (AS 2016 4651; BBl 2014 1001).
2 SR 943.03

Art. 140 Domicile for service

The court may in­struct parties with dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice abroad to provide a dom­i­cile for ser­vice in Switzer­land.

Art. 141 Public notice

1Ser­vice shall be ef­fected by no­tice in the of­fi­cial gaz­ette of the can­ton or in the Swiss Of­fi­cial Gaz­ette of Com­merce where:

a.
the where­abouts of the ad­dress­ee are un­known and can­not be as­cer­tained des­pite mak­ing reas­on­able en­quir­ies;
b.
ser­vice is im­possible or would lead to ex­cep­tion­al in­con­veni­ence;
c.
if a party with dom­i­cile or re­gistered of­fice abroad has not provided a dom­i­cile for ser­vice in Switzer­land des­pite be­ing in­struc­ted to do so by the court.

2Ser­vice is deemed ac­com­plished on the day of pub­lic­a­tion.

Chapter 3 Limitation Periods, Default and Restitution

Section 1 Limitation Periods

Art. 142 Computation

1Lim­it­a­tion peri­ods triggered by a com­mu­nic­a­tion or the oc­cur­rence of an event start­ing on the fol­low­ing day.

2If a lim­it­a­tion peri­od is meas­ured in months, it ex­pires on the same date of the last month as the date of the month in which the peri­od star­ted to run. In the ab­sence of such a date, the peri­od ex­pires on the last day of the month.

3If the last day of a lim­it­a­tion peri­od is a Sat­urday, a Sunday or a pub­lic hol­i­day re­cog­nised by fed­er­al or can­ton­al law at the loc­a­tion of the court, the peri­od ex­pires on the fol­low­ing work­ing day.

Art. 143 Compliance

1Sub­mis­sions must be filed no later than the last day of the lim­it­a­tion peri­od, either by fil­ing with the court or by hand­ing over to Swiss Post or a dip­lo­mat­ic mis­sion or con­su­lar of­fice of Switzer­land for for­ward­ing on to the court.

2In case of elec­tron­ic sub­mis­sion, the rel­ev­ant time for com­pli­ance with a dead­line is that at which the re­ceipt is is­sued that con­firms that all the steps have been com­pleted that the party must carry out for trans­mis­sion.1

3Pay­ment to the court is made with­in the dead­line if the funds are handed over to Swiss Post in fa­vour of the court or deb­ited from a postal or bank ac­count in Switzer­land no later than on the last day of the lim­it­a­tion peri­od.


1 Amended by An­nex No II 5 of the FA of 18 March 2016 on Elec­tron­ic Sig­na­tures, in force since 1 Jan. 2017 (AS 2016 4651; BBl 2014 1001).

Art. 144 Extension

1Stat­utory lim­it­a­tion peri­ods may not be ex­ten­ded.

2Lim­it­a­tion peri­ods set by the court may be ex­ten­ded for good reas­on if the re­quest to do so is made be­fore the peri­od ex­pires.

Art. 145 Suspension of limitation periods

1Stat­utory lim­it­a­tion peri­ods or peri­ods set by the court shall be sus­pen­ded:

a.
from the sev­enth day be­fore East­er up to and in­clud­ing the sev­enth day after East­er;
b.
from 15 Ju­ly up to and in­clud­ing 15 Au­gust;
c.
from 18 Decem­ber up to and in­clud­ing 2 Janu­ary.

2The sus­pen­sion does not ap­ply:

a.
in con­cili­ation pro­ceed­ings;
b.
in sum­mary pro­ceed­ings.

3Parties must be made aware of the ex­cep­tions provided in para­graph 2 above.

4The pro­vi­sions of the DEBA1 on debt en­force­ment hol­i­days and sus­pen­sion are re­served.


1 SR 281.1

Art. 146 Effects of suspension

1If ser­vice is ef­fected dur­ing sus­pen­sion, the lim­it­a­tion peri­od starts to run on the first day fol­low­ing the end of the sus­pen­sion.

2No hear­ings are held in court dur­ing the sus­pen­sion peri­od, un­less the parties agree oth­er­wise.

Section 2 Default and Restitution

Art. 147 Default and consequences of default

1A party is in de­fault if he or she fails to ac­com­plish a pro­ced­ur­al act with­in the set lim­it­a­tion peri­od or does not ap­pear when summoned to ap­pear.

2The pro­ceed­ings shall con­tin­ue without the act de­faul­ted on un­less the law provides oth­er­wise.

3The court shall draw the parties' at­ten­tion to the con­sequences of de­fault.

Art. 148 Restitution

1The court may on ap­plic­a­tion grant a peri­od of grace or sum­mon the parties again for a new ap­pear­ance provided the de­fault­ing party shows cred­ibly that he or she was not re­spons­ible for the de­fault or was re­spons­ible only to a minor ex­tent.

2The ap­plic­a­tion must be sub­mit­ted with­in 10 days of the day when the cause of de­fault has ceased to ap­ply.

3If no­tice of a de­cision has been giv­en to the parties, resti­tu­tion may be re­ques­ted only with­in six months after the de­cision has come in­to force.

Art. 149 Restitution procedure

The court shall in­vite the op­pos­ing party to com­ment on the ap­plic­a­tion and shall is­sue a fi­nal de­cision.

Title 10 Evidence

Chapter 1 General Provisions

Art. 150 Subject of evidence

1Evid­ence is re­quired to prove facts that are leg­ally rel­ev­ant and dis­puted.

2Evid­ence may also be re­quired to prove com­mon prac­tice, loc­al us­ages and, in fin­an­cial dis­putes, for­eign law.

Art. 151 Known facts

Evid­ence is not re­quired in sup­port of pub­licly known facts, facts known to the court and com­monly ac­cep­ted rules of ex­per­i­ence.

Art. 152 Right to evidence

1Each party is en­titled to have the court ac­cept the evid­ence that he or she of­fers in the re­quired form and time.

2Il­leg­ally ob­tained evid­ence shall be con­sidered only if there is an over­rid­ing in­terest in find­ing the truth.

Art. 153 Taking of evidence ex officio

1The court takes evid­ence ex of­fi­cio whenev­er it must as­cer­tain the facts ex officio.

2It may take evid­ence ex of­fi­cio if ser­i­ous doubts ex­ist as to the truth of an un­dis­puted fact.

Art. 154 Ruling on evidence

Be­fore evid­ence is taken, the court is­sues the ne­ces­sary rul­ings. They in­dic­ate, in par­tic­u­lar, the ad­miss­ible evid­ence and, for each fact, which party has the bur­den of proof or counter-proof. Rul­ings on evid­ence may be changed or amended any time.

Art. 155 Taking of evidence

1The tak­ing of evid­ence may be del­eg­ated to one or more mem­bers of the court.

2A party may, for good cause, re­quest that the evid­ence be taken by the court that de­cides the case.

3The parties have the right to par­ti­cip­ate in the tak­ing of evid­ence.

Art. 156 Safeguarding legitimate interests

The court shall take ap­pro­pri­ate meas­ures to en­sure that tak­ing evid­ence does not in­fringe the le­git­im­ate in­terests of any parties or third party, such as busi­ness secrets.

Art. 157 Free assessment of evidence

The court forms its opin­ion based on its free as­sess­ment of the evid­ence taken.

Art. 158 Precautionary taking of evidence

1The court shall take evid­ence at any time if:

a.
the law grants the right to do so;
b.
the ap­plic­ant shows cred­ibly that the evid­ence is at risk or that it has a le­git­im­ate in­terest.

2The pro­vi­sions re­gard­ing in­ter­im meas­ures ap­ply.

Art. 159 Management bodies of a legal entity

If a leg­al en­tity is party to pro­ceed­ings, its man­age­ment bod­ies are deemed to be parties when tak­ing evid­ence.

Chapter 2 Duty to Cooperate and Right to Refuse

A:
AHVG Bundesgesetz über die Alters- und Hinterlassenenversicherung
AHVV Verordnung über die Alters- und Hinterlassenenversicherung
AIG Bundesgesetz über die Ausländerinnen und Ausländer und über die Integration
AVIG Bundesgesetz über die obligatorische Arbeitslosenversicherung und die Insolvenzentschädigung
AVO Verordnung über die Beaufsichtigung von privaten Versicherungsunternehmen
AVO-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Beaufsichtigung von privaten Versicherungsunternehmen
AdoV Verordnung über die Adoption
ArG Bundesgesetz über die Arbeit in Industrie, Gewerbe und Handel
ArGV 1 Verordnung 1 zum Arbeitsgesetz
AsylG Asylgesetz
B:
BBG Bundesgesetzüber die Berufsbildung
BEG Bundesgesetz über Bucheffekten
BEHG Bundesgesetz über die Börsen und den Effektenhandel
BEHV Verordnung über die Börsen und den Effektenhandel
BG-HAÜ Bundesgesetz zum Haager Adoptionsübereinkommen und über Massnahmen zum Schutz des Kindes bei internationalen Adoptionen
BG-KKE Bundesgesetz über internationale Kindesentführung und die Haager Übereinkommen zum Schutz von Kindern und Erwachsenen
BGBB Bundesgesetz über das bäuerliche Bodenrecht
BGFA Bundesgesetz über die Freizügigkeit der Anwältinnen und Anwälte
BGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundesgericht
BIV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Insolvenz von Banken und Effektenhändlern
BPG Bundespersonalgesetz
BPR Bundesgesetz über die politischen Rechte
BV Bundesverfassung der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft
BVG Bundesgesetz über die berufliche Alters-, Hinterlassenen- und Invalidenvorsorge
BZG Bundesgesetz über den Bevölkerungsschutz und den Zivilschutz
BankG Bundesgesetz über die Banken und Sparkassen
BankV Verordnung über die Banken und Sparkassen
BetmG Bundesgesetz über die Betäubungsmittel und die psychotropen Stoffe
BewG Bundesgesetz über den Erwerb von Grundstücken durch Personen im Ausland
BewV Verordnung über den Erwerb von Grundstücken durch Personen im Ausland
BöB Bundesgesetz über das öffentliche Beschaffungswesen
BüG Bundesgesetz über Erwerb und Verlust des Schweizer Bürgerrechts
D:
DBG Bundesgesetz über die direkte Bundessteuer
DSG Bundesgesetz über den Datenschutz
E:
EBG Eisenbahngesetz
EMRK Konvention zum Schutze der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten
EOG Bundesgesetz über den Erwerbsersatz für Dienstleistende und bei Mutterschaft
EOV Verordnung zum Erwerbsersatzgesetz
EÖBV Verordnung über die elektronische öffentliche Beurkundung
F:
FHG Bundesgesetz über den eidgenössischen Finanzhaushalt
FINMAG Bundesgesetz über die Eidgenössische Finanzmarktaufsicht
FKG Bundesgesetz über die Eidgenössische Finanzkontrolle
FMedG Bundesgesetz über die medizinisch unterstützte Fortpflanzung
FZG Bundesgesetz über die Freizügigkeit in der beruflichen Alters-, Hinterlassenen- und Invalidenvorsorge
FinfraG Bundesgesetz über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FinfraV Verordnung über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FinfraV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FusG Bundesgesetz über Fusion, Spaltung, Umwandlung und Vermögensübertragung
G:
GBV Grundbuchverordnung
GSG Bundesgesetz über die von der Schweiz als Gaststaat gewährten Vorrechte, Immunitäten und Erleichterungen sowie finanziellen Beiträge
GUMG Bundesgesetz über genetische Untersuchungen beim Menschen
GeBüV Verordnung über die Führung und Aufbewahrung der Geschäftsbücher
GebV SchKG Gebührenverordnung zum Bundesgesetz über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
GlG Bundesgesetz über die Gleichstellung von Frau und Mann
H:
HEsÜ Übereinkommen über den internationalen Schutz von Erwachsenen
HKsÜ Übereinkommen
HRegV Handelsregisterverordnung
I:
IPRG Bundesgesetz über das Internationale Privatrecht
J:
JStG Bundesgesetz über das Jugendstrafrecht
JStPO Schweizerische Jugendstrafprozessordnung
K:
KAG Bundesgesetz über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KAKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über den Konkurs von kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KG Bundesgesetz über Kartelle und andere Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen
KKV Verordnung über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KOV Verordnung über die Geschäftsführung der Konkursämter (KOV)
KVG Bundesgesetz über die Krankenversicherung
L:
LVG Bundesgesetz über die wirtschaftliche Landesversorgung
LugÜ Übereinkommen über die gerichtliche Zuständigkeit und die Anerkennung und Vollstreckung von Entscheidungen in Zivil- und Handelssachen
M:
MSchG Bundesgesetz über den Schutz von Marken und Herkunftsangaben
MStG Militärstrafgesetz
MWSTG Bundesgesetz über die Mehrwertsteuer
MWSTV Mehrwertsteuerverordnung
O:
OAV-SchKG Verordnung betreffend die Oberaufsicht über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
OHG Bundesgesetz über die Hilfe an Opfer von Straftaten
OR Bundesgesetz betreffend die Ergänzung des Schweizerischen Zivilgesetzbuches (Fünfter Teil: Obligationenrecht)
P:
PAVO Verordnung über die Aufnahme von Pflegekindern
PBV Verordnung über die Bekanntgabe von Preisen
ParlG Bundesgesetz über die Bundesversammlung
PartG Bundesgesetz über die eingetragene Partnerschaft gleichgeschlechtlicher Paare
PatGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundespatentgericht
PfG Pfandbriefgesetz
PrHG Bundesgesetz über die Produktehaftpflicht
PüG Preisüberwachungsgesetz
R:
RAG Bundesgesetz über die Zulassung und Beaufsichtigung der Revisorinnen und Revisoren
S:
SVG Strassenverkehrsgesetz
SVKG Verordnung über die Sanktionen bei unzulässigen Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen
SchKG Bundesgesetz über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
StBOG Bundesgesetz über die Organisation der Strafbehörden des Bundes
StG Bundesgesetz über die Stempelabgaben
StGB Schweizerisches Strafgesetzbuch
StHG Bundesgesetz über die Harmonisierung der direkten Steuern der Kantone und Gemeinden
StPO Schweizerische Strafprozessordnung
StV Verordnung über die Stempelabgaben
SuG Bundesgesetz über Finanzhilfen und Abgeltungen
U:
URG Bundesgesetz über das Urheberrecht und verwandte Schutzrechte
URV Verordnung über das Urheberrecht und verwandte Schutzrechte
UVG Bundesgesetz über die Unfallversicherung
UVV Verordnung über die Unfallversicherung
UWG Bundesgesetz gegen den unlauteren Wettbewerb
V:
VAG Bundesgesetz betreffend die Aufsicht über Versicherungsunternehmen
VASR Verordnung über die anerkannten Standards zur Rechnungslegung
VBB Verordnung über das bäuerliche Bodenrecht
VBVV Verordnung über die Vermögensverwaltung im Rahmen einer Beistandschaft oder Vormundschaft
VDSG Verordnung zum Bundesgesetz über den Datenschutz
VG Bundesgesetz über die Verantwortlichkeit des Bundes sowie seiner Behördemitglieder und Beamten
VGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundesverwaltungsgericht
VKA Verordnung über die Katastrophenhilfe im Ausland
VKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über den Konkurs von Versicherungsunternehmen
VPAV Verordnung betreffend die Pfändung, Arrestierung und Verwertung von Versicherungsansprüchen nach dem Bundesgesetz vom 2. April 1908 über den Versicherungsvertrag
VStG Bundesgesetz über die Verrechnungssteuer
VStV Verordnung über die Verrechnungssteuer
VStrR Bundesgesetz über das Verwaltungsstrafrecht
VVAG Verordnung über die Pfändung und Verwertung von Anteilen an Gemeinschaftsvermögen
VVG Bundesgesetz über den Versicherungsvertrag
VZG Verordnung des Bundesgerichts über die Zwangsverwertung von Grundstücken
VegüV Verordnung gegen übermässige Vergütungen bei börsenkotierten Aktiengesellschaften
VeÜ-ZSSV Verordnung über die elektronische Übermittlung im Rahmen von Zivil- und Strafprozessen sowie von Schuldbetreibungs- und Konkursverfahren
VwVG Bundesgesetz über das Verwaltungsverfahren
VüKU Verordnung über die Kontrolle von Unternehmenszusammenschlüssen
VüS Verordnung über das Strafregister
W:
WG Bundesgesetz über Waffen, Waffenzubehör und Munition
Z:
ZG Zollgesetz
ZGB Schweizerisches Zivilgesetzbuch
ZPO Schweizerische Zivilprozessordnung
ZStV Zivilstandsverordnung
ZTG Zolltarifgesetz
Ü:
ÜbZ Übereinkunft betreffend Zivilprozessrecht
ÜüAVaS Übereinkommen über die Anerkennung und Vollstreckung ausländischer Schiedssprüche
ÜüRK Übereinkommen über die Rechte des Kindes
ÜüSKZGIA Übereinkommen über den Schutz von Kindern und die Zusammenarbeit auf dem Gebiet der Internationalen Adoption
ÜüiZR Übereinkommen über den internationalen Zugang zur Rechtspflege
ÜüzAiK Übereinkommen über die zivilrechtlichen Aspekte internationaler Kindesentführung
C:
CC Code civil suisse
CEDH Convention de sauvegarde des droits de l'homme et des libertés fondamentales
CL Convention concernant la compétence judiciaire, la reconnaissance et l'exécution des décisions en matière civile et commerciale
CLaH 2000 Convention sur la protection internationale des adultes
CLaH 96 Convention
CO Loi fédérale complétant le Code civil suisse
CP Code pénal suisse
CPC Code de procédure civile
CPM Code pénal militaire
CPP Code de procédure pénale suisse
Caclid Convention sur les aspects civils de l’enlèvement international d’enfants
Cpecmdi Convention sur la protection des enfants et la coopération en matière d’adoption internationale
Cprlsaé Convention pour la reconnaissance et l’exécution des sentences arbitrales étrangères
Crdl Convention relative aux droits de l'enfant
Crpc Convention relative à la procédure civile
Cst. Constitution fédérale de la Confédération suisse
Ctflij Convention tendant à faciliter l’accès international à la justice
D:
DPA Loi fédérale sur le droit pénal administratif
DPMin Loi fédérale régissant la condition pénale des mineurs
L:
LAA Loi fédérale sur l’assurance-accidents
LACI Loi fédérale sur l’assurance-chômage obligatoire et l’indemnité en cas d’insolvabilité
LAGH Loi fédérale sur l'analyse génétique humaine
LAMal Loi fédérale sur l’assurance-maladie
LAP Loi fédérale sur l'approvisionnement économique du pays
LAPG Loi fédérale sur les allocations pour perte de gain en cas de service et de maternité
LAVI Loi fédérale sur l'aide aux victimes d'infractions
LAVS Loi fédérale sur l’assurance-vieillesse et survivants
LArm Loi fédérale sur les armes, les accessoires d’armes et les munitions
LAsi Loi sur l’asile
LB Loi fédérale sur les banques et les caisses d’épargne
LBVM Loi fédérale sur les bourses et le commerce des valeurs mobilières
LCA Loi fédérale sur le contrat d'assurance
LCD Loi fédérale contre la concurrence déloyale
LCF Loi fédérale sur le Contrôle fédéral des finances
LCR Loi fédérale sur la circulation routière
LCart Loi fédérale sur les cartels et autres restrictions à la concurrence
LCdF Loi fédérale sur les chemins de fer
LD Loi sur les douanes
LDA Loi fédérale sur le droit d’auteur et les droits voisins
LDFR Loi fédérale sur le droit foncier rural
LDIP Loi fédérale sur le droit international privé
LDP Loi fédérale sur les droits politiques
LEH Loi fédérale sur les privilèges, les immunités et les facilités, ainsi que sur les aides financières accordés par la Suisse en tant qu'Etat hôte
LEI Loi fédérale sur les étrangers et l’intégration
LEg Loi fédérale sur l’égalité entre femmes et hommes
LF-CLaH Loi fédérale relative à la Convention de La Haye sur l'adoption et aux mesures de protection de l'enfant en cas d'adoption internationale
LF-EEA Loi fédérale sur l'enlèvement international d'enfants et les Conventions de La Haye sur la protection des enfants et des adultes
LFAIE Loi fédérale sur l'acquisition d'immeubles par des personnes à l'étranger
LFC Loi sur les finances de la Confédération
LFINMA Loi sur l’Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers
LFLP Loi fédérale sur le libre passage dans la prévoyance professionnelle vieillesse, survivants et invalidité
LFPr Loi fédérale sur la formation professionnelle
LFus Loi fédérale sur la fusion, la scission, la transformation et le transfert de patrimoine
LHID Loi fédérale sur l’harmonisation des impôts directs des cantons et des communes
LIA Loi fédérale sur l’impôt anticipé (LIA)
LIFD Loi fédérale sur l’impôt fédéral direct
LIMF Loi fédérale sur les infrastructures des marchés financiers et le comportement sur le marché en matière de négociation de valeurs mobilières et de dérivés*
LLCA Loi fédérale sur la libre circulation des avocats
LLG Loi sur l'émission de lettres de gage
LMP Loi fédérale sur les marchés publics
LN Loi fédérale sur l'acquisition et la perte de la nationalité suisse
LOAP Loi fédérale sur l'organisation des autorités pénales de la Confédération
LP Loi fédérale sur la poursuite pour dettes et la faillite
LPCC Loi fédérale sur les placements collectifs de capitaux*
LPD Loi fédérale sur la protection des données
LPM Loi fédérale sur la protection des marques et des indications de provenance
LPMA Loi fédérale sur la procréation médicalement assistée*
LPP Loi fédérale sur la prévoyance professionnelle vieillesse, survivants et invalidité
LPPCi Loi fédérale sur la protection de la population et sur la protection civile
LParl Loisur l’Assemblée fédérale
LPart Loi fédérale sur le partenariat enregistré entre personnes du même sexe
LPers Loi sur le personnel de la Confédération
LRCF Loi fédérale sur la responsabilité de la Confédération, des membres de ses autorités et de ses fonctionnaires
LRFP Loi fédérale sur la responsabilité du fait des produits
LSA Loi fédérale sur la surveillance des entreprises d’assurance
LSPr Loi fédérale concernant la surveillance des prix
LSR Loi fédérale sur l’agrément et la surveillance des réviseurs
LStup Loi fédérale sur les stupéfiants et les substances psychotropes
LSu Loi fédérale sur les aides financières et les indemnités
LT Loi fédérale sur les droits de timbre
LTAF Loi sur le Tribunal administratif fédéral
LTF Loi sur le Tribunal fédéral
LTFB Loi<em></em>sur le Tribunal fédéral des brevets
LTI Loi fédérale sur les titres intermédiés
LTVA Loi fédérale régissant la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée
LTaD Loi sur le tarif des douanes
LTr Loi fédérale sur le travail dans l'industrie, l'artisanat et le commerce
O:
OAAE Ordonnance sur l'acte authentique électronique
OACata Ordonnance sur l'aide en cas de catastrophe à l'étranger
OAIE Ordonnance sur l'acquisition d'immeubles par des personnes à l'étranger
OAOF Ordonnance sur l'administration des offices de faillite
OAdo Ordonnance sur l'adoption
OB Ordonnance sur les banques et les caisses d’épargne
OBVM Ordonnance sur les bourses et le commerce des valeurs mobilières
OCEl-PCPP Ordonnance sur la communication électronique dans le cadre de procédures civiles et pénales et de procédures en matière de poursuite pour dettes et de faillite
ODAu Ordonnance sur le droit d'auteur et les droits voisins
ODFR Ordonnance sur le droit foncier rural
OEC Ordonnance sur l’état civil
OELP Ordonnance sur les émoluments perçus en application de la loi fédérale sur la poursuite pour dettes et la faillite
OFA-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur la faillite des entreprises d'assurance
OFPC-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur la faillite de placements collectifs de capitaux
OGPCT Ordonnance sur la gestion du patrimoine dans le cadre d'une curatelle ou d'une tutelle
OHS-LP Ordonnance relative à la haute surveillance en matière de poursuite et de faillite
OIA Ordonnance sur l’impôt anticipé
OIB-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur l'insolvabilité des banques et des négociants en valeurs mobilières
OIMF Ordonnance sur les infrastructures des marchés financiers et le comportement sur le marché en matière de négociation de valeurs mobilières et de dérivés
OIMF-FINMA Ordonnance
OIP Ordonnance sur l'indication des prix
OLAA Ordonnance sur l'assurance-accidents
OLPD Ordonnance relative à la loi fédérale sur la protection des données
OLT 1 Ordonnance 1 relative à la loi sur le travail
ONCR Ordonnance sur les normes comptables reconnues
OPC Ordonnance concernant la saisie et la réalisation de parts de communautés
OPC-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur les placements collectifs de capitaux
OPCC Ordonnance sur les placements collectifs de capitaux
OPE Ordonnance sur le placement d'enfants
ORAb Ordonnance contre les rémunérations abusives dans les sociétés anonymes cotées en bourse
ORC Ordonnance sur le registre du commerce
ORF Ordonnance sur le registre foncier
ORFI Ordonnance du Tribunal fédéral sur la réalisation forcée des immeubles
OS Ordonnance sur la surveillance des entreprises d'assurance privées
OS LCart Ordonnance sur les sanctions en cas de restrictions illicites à la concurrence
OS-FINMA Ordonnance de l'Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers sur la surveillance des entreprises d'assurance privées
OSAss Ordonnance concernant la saisie, le séquestre et la réalisation des droits découlant d'assurances d'après la loi fédérale du 2 avril 1908 sur le contrat d'assurance
OT Ordonnance sur les droits de timbre
OTVA Ordonnance régissant la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée
Occd Ordonnance sur le contrôle des concentrations d'entreprises
Ocj Ordonnance sur le casier judiciaire
Olico Ordonnance concernant la tenue et la conservation des livres de comptes
P:
PA Loi fédérale sur la procédure administrative
PPMin Loi fédérale sur la procédure pénale applicable aux mineurs
R:
RAPG Règlement sur les allocations pour perte de gain
RAVS Règlement sur l’assurance-vieillesse et survivants
C:
C Convenzione
CC Codice civile svizzero
CEDU Convenzione per la salvaguardia dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali
CLug Convenzione concernente la competenza giurisdizionale, il riconoscimento e l'esecuzione delle decisioni in materia civile e commerciale
CO Legge federale di complemento del Codice civile svizzero
CP Codice penale svizzero
CPC Codice di diritto processuale civile svizzero
CPM Codice penale militare
CPP Codice di diritto processuale penale svizzero
Ccrldsae Convenzione concernente il riconoscimento e l’esecuzione delle sentenze arbitrali estere
Cdf Convenzione sui diritti del fanciullo
Cost. Costituzione federale della Confederazione Svizzera
Crapc Convenzione relativa alla procedura civile
Csacrim Convenzione sugli aspetti civili del rapimento internazionale di minori
Cspida Convenzione sulla protezione internazionale degli adulti
Cspmscmai Convenzione sulla protezione dei minori e sulla cooperazione in materia di adozione internazionale
Cvfliag Convenzione volta a facilitare l’accesso internazionale alla giustizia
D:
DPA Legge federale sul diritto penale amministrativo
DPMin Legge federale sul diritto penale minorile
L:
LADI Legge federale sull’assicurazione obbligatoria contro la disoccupazione e l’indennità per insolvenza
LAFE Legge federale sull'acquisto di fondi da parte di persone all'estero
LAID Legge federale sull’armonizzazione delle imposte dirette dei Cantoni e dei Comuni
LAINF Legge federale sull’assicurazione contro gli infortuni
LAMal Legge federale sull’assicurazione malattie
LAP Legge federale sull'approvvigionamento economico del Paese
LAPub Legge federale sugli acquisti pubblici
LAV Legge federale concernente l'aiuto alle vittime di reati
LAVS Legge federale su l’assicurazione per la vecchiaia e per i superstiti
LArm Legge federale sulle armi, gli accessori di armi e le munizioni
LAsi Legge sull’asilo
LBCR Legge federale sulle banche e le casse di risparmio
LBVM Legge federale sulle borse e il commercio di valori mobiliari
LCA Legge federale sul contratto d'assicurazione
LCF Legge federale sul controllo federale delle finanze
LCSl Legge federale contro la concorrenza sleale
LCStr Legge federale sulla circolazione stradale
LCart Legge federale sui cartelli e altre limitazioni della concorrenza
LCit Legge federale su l'acquisto e la perdita della cittadinanza svizzera
LD Legge sulle dogane
LDA Legge federale sul diritto d’autore e sui diritti di protezione affini
LDFR Legge federale sul diritto fondiario rurale
LDIP Legge federale sul diritto internazionale privato
LDP Legge federale sui diritti politici
LEF Legge federale sulla esecuzione e sul fallimento
LEGU Legge federale sugli esami genetici sull'essere umano
LF-CAA Legge federale relativa alla Convenzione dell'Aia sull'adozione e a provvedimenti per la protezione del minore nelle adozioni internazionali
LF-RMA Legge federale sul rapimento internazionale dei minori e sulle Convenzioni dell'Aia sulla protezione dei minori e degli adulti
LFC Legge federale sulle finanze della Confederazione
LFINMA Legge federale concernente l’Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari
LFLP Legge federale sul libero passaggio nella previdenza professionale per la vecchiaia, i superstiti e l'invalidità
LFPr Legge federale sulla formazione professionale
LFus Legge federale sulla fusione, la scissione, la trasformazione e il trasferimento di patrimonio
LICol Legge federale sugli investimenti collettivi di capitale
LIFD Legge federale sull’imposta federale diretta
LIP Legge federale sull’imposta preventiva
LIPG Legge federale sulle indennità di perdita di guadagno per chi presta servizio e in caso di maternità
LIVA Legge federale concernente l’imposta sul valore aggiunto
LInFi Legge federale sulle infrastrutture del mercato finanziario e il comportamento sul mercato nel commercio di valori mobiliari e derivati
LL Legge federale sul lavoro nell'industria, nell'artigianato e nel commercio
LLCA Legge federale sulla libera circolazione degli avvocati
LOAP Legge federale sull'organizzazione delle autorità penali della Confederazione
LOF Legge sulle obbligazioni fondiarie
LPAM Legge federale concernente la procreazione con assistenza medica
LPD Legge federale sulla protezione dei dati
LPM Legge federale sulla protezione dei marchi e delle indicazioni di provenienza
LPP Legge federale sulla previdenza professionale per la vecchiaia, i superstiti e l’invalidità
LPPC Legge federale sulla protezione della popolazione e sulla protezione civile
LPar Legge federale sulla parità dei sessi
LParl Legge federale sull’Assemblea federale
LPers Legge sul personale federale
LRDP Legge federale sulla responsabilità per danno da prodotti
LResp Legge federale su la responsabilità della Confederazione, dei membri delle autorità federali e dei funzionari federali
LSA Legge federale sulla sorveglianza delle imprese di assicurazione
LSO Legge federale sui privilegi, le immunità e le facilitazioni, nonché sugli aiuti finanziari accordati dalla Svizzera quale Stato ospite
LSPr Legge federale sulla sorveglianza dei prezzi
LSR Legge federalesull’abilitazione e la sorveglianza dei revisori
LStrI Legge federale sugli stranieri e la loro integrazione
LStup Legge federale sugli stupefacenti e sulle sostanze psicotrope
LSu Legge federale sugli aiuti finanziari e le indennità
LTAF Legge sul Tribunale amministrativo federale
LTB Legge federale sulle tasse di bollo
LTCo Legge federale sui titoli contabili
LTD Legge sulla tariffa delle dogane
LTF Legge sul Tribunale federale
LTFB Legge sul Tribunale federale dei brevetti
LUD Legge federale sull'unione domestica registrata di coppie omosessuali
Lferr Legge federale sulle ferrovie
O:
OABCT Ordinanza sull'amministrazione di beni nell'ambito di una curatela o di una tutela
OACata Ordinanza sull'aiuto in caso di catastrofe all'estero
OAFE Ordinanza sull'acquisto di fondi da parte di persone all'estero
OAINF Ordinanza sull'assicurazione contro gli infortuni
OAMin Ordinanza sull'accoglimento di minori a scopo di affiliazione
OAPuE Ordinanza sugli atti pubblici in forma elettronica
OAV-LEF Ordinanza concernente l'alta vigilanza sulla esecuzione e sul fallimento
OAVS Ordinanza sull’assicurazione per la vecchiaia e per i superstiti
OAdoz Ordinanza sull'adozione
OBCR Ordinanza sulle banche e le casse di risparmio
OBVM Ordinanza sulle borse e il commercio di valori mobiliari
OCE-PCPE Ordinanza sulla comunicazione per via elettronica nell’ambito di procedimenti civili e penali nonché di procedure d’esecuzione e fallimento
ODAu Ordinanza sul diritto d'autore e sui diritti di protezione affini
ODFR Ordinanza sul diritto fondiario rurale
ODiC Ordinanza concernente il pignoramento e la realizzazione di diritti in comunione
OFA-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sul fallimento delle imprese di assicurazione
OFICol-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sul fallimento degli investimenti collettivi di capitale
OIB-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sull'insolvenza di banche e commercianti di valori mobiliari
OICol Ordinanza sugli investimenti collettivi di capitale
OICol-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sugli investimenti collettivi di capitale
OIP Ordinanza sull'indicazione dei prezzi
OIPG Ordinanza sulle indennità di perdita di guadagno
OIPrev Ordinanza sull’imposta preventiva
OIVA Ordinanza concernente l'imposta sul valore aggiunto
OInFi Ordinanza sulle infrastrutture del mercato finanziario e il comportamento sul mercato nel commercio di valori mobiliari e derivati
OInFi-FINMA Ordinanza
OLL 1 Ordinanza 1 concernente la legge sul lavoro
OLPD Ordinanza relativa alla legge federale sulla protezione dei dati
ONCR Ordinanza sulle norme contabili riconosciute
ORC Ordinanza sul registro di commercio
ORF Ordinanza sul registro fondiario
OReSA Ordinanza contro le retribuzioni abusive nelle società anonime quotate in borsa
OS Ordinanza sulla sorveglianza delle imprese di assicurazione private
OS LCart Ordinanza sulle sanzioni in caso di limitazioni illecite della concorrenza
OS-FINMA Ordinanza dell'Autorità federale di vigilanza sui mercati finanziari sulla sorveglianza delle imprese di assicurazione private
OSC Ordinanza sullo stato civile
OTB Ordinanza concernente le tasse di bollo
OTLEF Ordinanza sulle tasse riscosse in applicazione della legge federale sulla esecuzione e sul fallimento
Occdci Ordinanza concernente il controllo delle concentrazioni di imprese
Ocg Ordinanza sul casellario giudiziale
Olc Ordinanza sulla tenuta e la conservazione dei libri di commercio
P:
PA Legge federale sulla procedura amministrativa
PPMin Legge federale di diritto processuale penale minorile
R:
RFF Regolamento del Tribunale federale concernente la realizzazione forzata di fondi
RPAss Regolamento
RUF Regolamento concernente l'amministrazione degli uffici dei fallimenti
A:
AIG Federal Act on Foreign Nationals and Integration
AdoV Ordinance on Adoption
AsylG Asylum Act
B:
BBG Federal Acton Vocational and Professional Education and Training
BEG Federal Act on Intermediated Securities
BG-KKE Federal Act on International Child Abduction and the Hague Conventions on the Protection of Children and Adults
BIV-FINMA Ordinance of the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority on the Insolvency of Banks and Securities Dealers
BPR Federal Act on Political Rights
BV Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation
BetmG Federal Act on Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances
D:
DSG Federal Act on Data Protection
F:
FINMAG Federal Act on the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority
FMedG Federal Act on Medically Assisted Reproduction
FinfraG Federal Act on Financial Market Infrastructures and Market Conduct in Securities and Derivatives Trading
FinfraV Ordinance on Financial Market Infrastructures and Market Conduct in Securities and Derivatives Trading
FinfraV-FINMA Ordinance of the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority on Financial Market Infrastructures and Market Conduct in Securities and Derivatives Trading
G:
GSG Federal Act on the Privileges, Immunities and Facilities and the Financial Subsidies granted by Switzerland as a Host State
GUMG Federal Act on Human Genetic Testing
GlG Federal Act on Gender Equality
K:
KAG Federal Act on Collective Investment Schemes
KG Federal Act on Cartels and other Restraints of Competition
KKV Ordinance on Collective Investment Schemes
KKV-FINMA Ordinance of the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority on Collective Investment Schemes
M:
MSchG Federal Act on the Protection of Trade Marks and Indications of Source
MWSTG Federal Act on Value Added Tax
MWSTV Ordinance on Value Added Tax
O:
OR Federal Act on the Amendment of the Swiss Civil Code
P:
ParlG Federal Act on the Federal Assembly
PatGG Federal Act on the Federal Patent Court
S:
SVKG Ordinance on Sanctions imposed for Unlawful Restraints of Competition
StGB Swiss Criminal Code
StPO Swiss Criminal Procedure Code
U:
URG Federal Act on Copyright and Related Rights
V:
VDSG 235.11
VwVG Federal Act on Administrative Procedure
VüKU Ordinance on the Control of Concentrations of Undertakings
W:
WG Federal Act on Weapons, Weapon Accessories and Ammunition
Z:
ZGB Swiss Civil Code
ZPO Swiss Civil Procedure Code
ZTG Customs Tariff Act
A:
AHVG Bundesgesetz über die Alters- und Hinterlassenenversicherung
AHVV Verordnung über die Alters- und Hinterlassenenversicherung
AIG Bundesgesetz über die Ausländerinnen und Ausländer und über die Integration
AVIG Bundesgesetz über die obligatorische Arbeitslosenversicherung und die Insolvenzentschädigung
AVO Verordnung über die Beaufsichtigung von privaten Versicherungsunternehmen
AVO-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Beaufsichtigung von privaten Versicherungsunternehmen
AdoV Verordnung über die Adoption
ArG Bundesgesetz über die Arbeit in Industrie, Gewerbe und Handel
ArGV 1 Verordnung 1 zum Arbeitsgesetz
AsylG Asylgesetz
B:
BBG Bundesgesetzüber die Berufsbildung
BEG Bundesgesetz über Bucheffekten
BEHG Bundesgesetz über die Börsen und den Effektenhandel
BEHV Verordnung über die Börsen und den Effektenhandel
BG-HAÜ Bundesgesetz zum Haager Adoptionsübereinkommen und über Massnahmen zum Schutz des Kindes bei internationalen Adoptionen
BG-KKE Bundesgesetz über internationale Kindesentführung und die Haager Übereinkommen zum Schutz von Kindern und Erwachsenen
BGBB Bundesgesetz über das bäuerliche Bodenrecht
BGFA Bundesgesetz über die Freizügigkeit der Anwältinnen und Anwälte
BGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundesgericht
BIV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Insolvenz von Banken und Effektenhändlern
BPG Bundespersonalgesetz
BPR Bundesgesetz über die politischen Rechte
BV Bundesverfassung der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft
BVG Bundesgesetz über die berufliche Alters-, Hinterlassenen- und Invalidenvorsorge
BZG Bundesgesetz über den Bevölkerungsschutz und den Zivilschutz
BankG Bundesgesetz über die Banken und Sparkassen
BankV Verordnung über die Banken und Sparkassen
BetmG Bundesgesetz über die Betäubungsmittel und die psychotropen Stoffe
BewG Bundesgesetz über den Erwerb von Grundstücken durch Personen im Ausland
BewV Verordnung über den Erwerb von Grundstücken durch Personen im Ausland
BöB Bundesgesetz über das öffentliche Beschaffungswesen
BüG Bundesgesetz über Erwerb und Verlust des Schweizer Bürgerrechts
D:
DBG Bundesgesetz über die direkte Bundessteuer
DSG Bundesgesetz über den Datenschutz
E:
EBG Eisenbahngesetz
EMRK Konvention zum Schutze der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten
EOG Bundesgesetz über den Erwerbsersatz für Dienstleistende und bei Mutterschaft
EOV Verordnung zum Erwerbsersatzgesetz
EÖBV Verordnung über die elektronische öffentliche Beurkundung
F:
FHG Bundesgesetz über den eidgenössischen Finanzhaushalt
FINMAG Bundesgesetz über die Eidgenössische Finanzmarktaufsicht
FKG Bundesgesetz über die Eidgenössische Finanzkontrolle
FMedG Bundesgesetz über die medizinisch unterstützte Fortpflanzung
FZG Bundesgesetz über die Freizügigkeit in der beruflichen Alters-, Hinterlassenen- und Invalidenvorsorge
FinfraG Bundesgesetz über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FinfraV Verordnung über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FinfraV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die Finanzmarktinfrastrukturen und das Marktverhalten im Effekten- und Derivatehandel
FusG Bundesgesetz über Fusion, Spaltung, Umwandlung und Vermögensübertragung
G:
GBV Grundbuchverordnung
GSG Bundesgesetz über die von der Schweiz als Gaststaat gewährten Vorrechte, Immunitäten und Erleichterungen sowie finanziellen Beiträge
GUMG Bundesgesetz über genetische Untersuchungen beim Menschen
GeBüV Verordnung über die Führung und Aufbewahrung der Geschäftsbücher
GebV SchKG Gebührenverordnung zum Bundesgesetz über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
GlG Bundesgesetz über die Gleichstellung von Frau und Mann
H:
HEsÜ Übereinkommen über den internationalen Schutz von Erwachsenen
HKsÜ Übereinkommen
HRegV Handelsregisterverordnung
I:
IPRG Bundesgesetz über das Internationale Privatrecht
J:
JStG Bundesgesetz über das Jugendstrafrecht
JStPO Schweizerische Jugendstrafprozessordnung
K:
KAG Bundesgesetz über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KAKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über den Konkurs von kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KG Bundesgesetz über Kartelle und andere Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen
KKV Verordnung über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über die kollektiven Kapitalanlagen
KOV Verordnung über die Geschäftsführung der Konkursämter (KOV)
KVG Bundesgesetz über die Krankenversicherung
L:
LVG Bundesgesetz über die wirtschaftliche Landesversorgung
LugÜ Übereinkommen über die gerichtliche Zuständigkeit und die Anerkennung und Vollstreckung von Entscheidungen in Zivil- und Handelssachen
M:
MSchG Bundesgesetz über den Schutz von Marken und Herkunftsangaben
MStG Militärstrafgesetz
MWSTG Bundesgesetz über die Mehrwertsteuer
MWSTV Mehrwertsteuerverordnung
O:
OAV-SchKG Verordnung betreffend die Oberaufsicht über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
OHG Bundesgesetz über die Hilfe an Opfer von Straftaten
OR Bundesgesetz betreffend die Ergänzung des Schweizerischen Zivilgesetzbuches (Fünfter Teil: Obligationenrecht)
P:
PAVO Verordnung über die Aufnahme von Pflegekindern
PBV Verordnung über die Bekanntgabe von Preisen
ParlG Bundesgesetz über die Bundesversammlung
PartG Bundesgesetz über die eingetragene Partnerschaft gleichgeschlechtlicher Paare
PatGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundespatentgericht
PfG Pfandbriefgesetz
PrHG Bundesgesetz über die Produktehaftpflicht
PüG Preisüberwachungsgesetz
R:
RAG Bundesgesetz über die Zulassung und Beaufsichtigung der Revisorinnen und Revisoren
S:
SVG Strassenverkehrsgesetz
SVKG Verordnung über die Sanktionen bei unzulässigen Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen
SchKG Bundesgesetz über Schuldbetreibung und Konkurs
StBOG Bundesgesetz über die Organisation der Strafbehörden des Bundes
StG Bundesgesetz über die Stempelabgaben
StGB Schweizerisches Strafgesetzbuch
StHG Bundesgesetz über die Harmonisierung der direkten Steuern der Kantone und Gemeinden
StPO Schweizerische Strafprozessordnung
StV Verordnung über die Stempelabgaben
SuG Bundesgesetz über Finanzhilfen und Abgeltungen
U:
URG Bundesgesetz über das Urheberrecht und verwandte Schutzrechte
URV Verordnung über das Urheberrecht und verwandte Schutzrechte
UVG Bundesgesetz über die Unfallversicherung
UVV Verordnung über die Unfallversicherung
UWG Bundesgesetz gegen den unlauteren Wettbewerb
V:
VAG Bundesgesetz betreffend die Aufsicht über Versicherungsunternehmen
VASR Verordnung über die anerkannten Standards zur Rechnungslegung
VBB Verordnung über das bäuerliche Bodenrecht
VBVV Verordnung über die Vermögensverwaltung im Rahmen einer Beistandschaft oder Vormundschaft
VDSG Verordnung zum Bundesgesetz über den Datenschutz
VG Bundesgesetz über die Verantwortlichkeit des Bundes sowie seiner Behördemitglieder und Beamten
VGG Bundesgesetz über das Bundesverwaltungsgericht
VKA Verordnung über die Katastrophenhilfe im Ausland
VKV-FINMA Verordnung der Eidgenössischen Finanzmarktaufsicht über den Konkurs von Versicherungsunternehmen
VPAV Verordnung betreffend die Pfändung, Arrestierung und Verwertung von Versicherungsansprüchen nach dem Bundesgesetz vom 2. April 1908 über den Versicherungsvertrag
VStG Bundesgesetz über die Verrechnungssteuer
VStV Verordnung über die Verrechnungssteuer
VStrR Bundesgesetz über das Verwaltungsstrafrecht
VVAG Verordnung über die Pfändung und Verwertung von Anteilen an Gemeinschaftsvermögen
VVG Bundesgesetz über den Versicherungsvertrag
VZG Verordnung des Bundesgerichts über die Zwangsverwertung von Grundstücken
VegüV Verordnung gegen übermässige Vergütungen bei börsenkotierten Aktiengesellschaften
VeÜ-ZSSV Verordnung über die elektronische Übermittlung im Rahmen von Zivil- und Strafprozessen sowie von Schuldbetreibungs- und Konkursverfahren
VwVG Bundesgesetz über das Verwaltungsverfahren
VüKU Verordnung über die Kontrolle von Unternehmenszusammenschlüssen
VüS Verordnung über das Strafregister
W:
WG Bundesgesetz über Waffen, Waffenzubehör und Munition
Z:
ZG Zollgesetz
ZGB Schweizerisches Zivilgesetzbuch
ZPO Schweizerische Zivilprozessordnung
ZStV Zivilstandsverordnung
ZTG Zolltarifgesetz
Ü:
ÜbZ Übereinkunft betreffend Zivilprozessrecht
ÜüAVaS Übereinkommen über die Anerkennung und Vollstreckung ausländischer Schiedssprüche
ÜüRK Übereinkommen über die Rechte des Kindes
ÜüSKZGIA Übereinkommen über den Schutz von Kindern und die Zusammenarbeit auf dem Gebiet der Internationalen Adoption
ÜüiZR Übereinkommen über den internationalen Zugang zur Rechtspflege
ÜüzAiK Übereinkommen über die zivilrechtlichen Aspekte internationaler Kindesentführung
C:
CC Code civil suisse
CEDH Convention de sauvegarde des droits de l'homme et des libertés fondamentales
CL Convention concernant la compétence judiciaire, la reconnaissance et l'exécution des décisions en matière civile et commerciale
CLaH 2000 Convention sur la protection internationale des adultes
CLaH 96 Convention
CO Loi fédérale complétant le Code civil suisse
CP Code pénal suisse
CPC Code de procédure civile
CPM Code pénal militaire
CPP Code de procédure pénale suisse
Caclid Convention sur les aspects civils de l’enlèvement international d’enfants
Cpecmdi Convention sur la protection des enfants et la coopération en matière d’adoption internationale
Cprlsaé Convention pour la reconnaissance et l’exécution des sentences arbitrales étrangères
Crdl Convention relative aux droits de l'enfant
Crpc Convention relative à la procédure civile
Cst. Constitution fédérale de la Confédération suisse
Ctflij Convention tendant à faciliter l’accès international à la justice
D:
DPA Loi fédérale sur le droit pénal administratif
DPMin Loi fédérale régissant la condition pénale des mineurs
L:
LAA Loi fédérale sur l’assurance-accidents
LACI Loi fédérale sur l’assurance-chômage obligatoire et l’indemnité en cas d’insolvabilité
LAGH Loi fédérale sur l'analyse génétique humaine
LAMal Loi fédérale sur l’assurance-maladie
LAP Loi fédérale sur l'approvisionnement économique du pays
LAPG Loi fédérale sur les allocations pour perte de gain en cas de service et de maternité
LAVI Loi fédérale sur l'aide aux victimes d'infractions
LAVS Loi fédérale sur l’assurance-vieillesse et survivants
LArm Loi fédérale sur les armes, les accessoires d’armes et les munitions
LAsi Loi sur l’asile
LB Loi fédérale sur les banques et les caisses d’épargne
LBVM Loi fédérale sur les bourses et le commerce des valeurs mobilières
LCA Loi fédérale sur le contrat d'assurance
LCD Loi fédérale contre la concurrence déloyale
LCF Loi fédérale sur le Contrôle fédéral des finances
LCR Loi fédérale sur la circulation routière
LCart Loi fédérale sur les cartels et autres restrictions à la concurrence
LCdF Loi fédérale sur les chemins de fer
LD Loi sur les douanes
LDA Loi fédérale sur le droit d’auteur et les droits voisins
LDFR Loi fédérale sur le droit foncier rural
LDIP Loi fédérale sur le droit international privé
LDP Loi fédérale sur les droits politiques
LEH Loi fédérale sur les privilèges, les immunités et les facilités, ainsi que sur les aides financières accordés par la Suisse en tant qu'Etat hôte
LEI Loi fédérale sur les étrangers et l’intégration
LEg Loi fédérale sur l’égalité entre femmes et hommes
LF-CLaH Loi fédérale relative à la Convention de La Haye sur l'adoption et aux mesures de protection de l'enfant en cas d'adoption internationale
LF-EEA Loi fédérale sur l'enlèvement international d'enfants et les Conventions de La Haye sur la protection des enfants et des adultes
LFAIE Loi fédérale sur l'acquisition d'immeubles par des personnes à l'étranger
LFC Loi sur les finances de la Confédération
LFINMA Loi sur l’Autorité fédérale de surveillance des marchés financiers
LFLP Loi fédérale sur le libre passage dans la prévoyance professionnelle vieillesse, survivants et invalidité
LFPr Loi fédérale sur la formation professionnelle
LFus Loi fédérale sur la fusion, la scission, la transformation et le transfert de patrimoine
LHID Loi fédérale sur l’harmonisation des impôts directs des cantons et des communes
LIA Loi fédérale sur l’impôt anticipé (LIA)
LIFD Loi fédérale sur l’impôt fédéral direct
LIMF Loi fédérale sur les infrastructures des marchés financiers et le comportement sur le marché en matière de négociation de valeurs mobilières et de dérivés*
LLCA Loi fédérale sur la libre circulation des avocats
LLG Loi sur l'émission de lettres de gage
LMP Loi fédérale sur les marchés publics
LN Loi fédérale sur l'acquisition et la perte de la nationalité suisse
LOAP Loi fédérale sur l'organisation des autorités pénales de la Confédération
LP Loi fédérale sur la poursuite pour dettes et la faillite
LPCC Loi fédérale sur les placements collectifs de capitaux*
LPD Loi fédérale sur la protection des données
LPM Loi fédérale sur la protection des marques et des indications de provenance
LPMA Loi fédérale sur la procréation médicalement assistée*
LPP Loi fédérale sur la prévoyance professionnelle vieillesse, survivants et invalidité
LPPCi Loi fédérale sur la protection de la population et sur la protection civile
LParl Loisur l’Assemblée fédérale
LPart Loi fédérale sur le partenariat enregistré entre personnes du même sexe
LPers Loi sur le personnel de la Confédération
LRCF Loi fédérale sur la responsabilité de la Confédération, des membres de ses autorités et de ses fonctionnaires
LRFP Loi fédérale sur la responsabilité du fait des produits
LSA Loi fédérale sur la surveillance des entreprises d’assurance
LSPr Loi fédérale concernant la surveillance des prix
LSR Loi fédérale sur l’agrément et la surveillance des réviseurs
LStup Loi fédérale sur les stupéfiants et les substances psychotropes
LSu Loi fédérale sur les aides financières et les indemnités
LT Loi fédérale sur les droits de timbre
LTAF Loi sur le Tribunal administratif fédéral
LTF Loi sur le Tribunal fédéral
LTFB