Federal Act
on Second Homes
(Second Homes Act, SHA)

English is not an official language of the Swiss Confederation. This translation is provided for information purposes only and has no legal force.

of 20 March 2015 (Status as of 1 January 2016)


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Art. 2 Definitions

1 In this Act, «home» means a col­lec­tion of rooms that:

a.
is suit­able for res­id­en­tial use;
b.
forms a struc­tur­al unit;
c.
has an ac­cess either from out­side or from a com­mon area shared with oth­er homes with­in the build­ing;
d.
has cook­ing fa­cil­it­ies; and
e.
is not a move­able ob­ject.

2 In this Act, «prin­cip­al home» means a home that is oc­cu­pied by at least one per­son who is per­man­ently res­id­ent in the com­mune in which the home is loc­ated in ac­cord­ance with Art­icle 3 let­ter b of the Re­gister Har­mon­isa­tion Act of 23 June 20063.

3 The fol­low­ing homes are deemed equi­val­ent to prin­cip­al homes:

a.
homes that are per­man­ently oc­cu­pied for com­mer­cial or edu­ca­tion­al pur­poses;
b.
homes that are per­man­ently oc­cu­pied by a private house­hold that per­man­ently oc­cu­pies an­oth­er home in the same build­ing;
c.
homes that are per­man­ently oc­cu­pied by per­sons who are not re­quired to re­gister with the res­id­ents’ re­gister of­fice, such as dip­lo­mat­ic staff or asylum seekers;
d.
homes that have been un­oc­cu­pied for no more than two years, are hab­it­able, and are ad­vert­ised for long-term rent or for sale (empty homes);
e.
homes that are used for ag­ri­cul­tur­al pur­poses but which due to the alti­tude of their loc­a­tion are not ac­cess­ible all year round for ag­ri­cul­tur­al pur­poses;
f.
homes that are used by busi­nesses for the short-term ac­com­mod­a­tion of staff;
g.
homes that are used as ser­vice ac­com­mod­a­tion for per­sons such as those work­ing in the hotel and ca­ter­ing in­dustry, in hos­pit­als and in res­id­en­tial in­sti­tu­tions;
h.
homes that are law­fully be­ing used tem­por­ar­ily for non-res­id­en­tial pur­poses.

4 In this Act, «second home» means a home that is neither a prin­cip­al home nor equi­val­ent to a prin­cip­al home.

Court decisions

142 II 206 (1C_159/2015) from May 3, 2016
Regeste: Art. 75b BV; Art. 6, 7 Abs. 1 und Art. 14 ZWG; Art. 3 Abs. 1 ZWV; Art. 2 ZGB; Rechtsmissbrauch im Bereich Zweitwohnungen. Es besteht die Gefahr des Rechtsmissbrauchs, wenn die Bauherrschaft vorgibt, eine Erstwohnung zu erstellen, in Wahrheit jedoch beabsichtigt, das in Art. 75b BV und Art. 6 ZWG enthaltene Verbot zu umgehen (E. 2). Zusammenfassung der Rechtsprechung (E. 3). Aufgrund der Anzahl geplanter Wohnungen und jener der ganzjährigen Bewohner besteht Anlass, die Nachfrage nach Erstwohnungen im betroffenen Gebiet zu prüfen (E. 4).

144 II 49 (1C_102/2017) from Jan. 16, 2018
Regeste: Art. 5 Abs. 3 und 75b BV; Art. 6 und 14 ZWG; Bau von zwei Chalets als Erstwohnungen in Verbier. Rechtsprechung zum Rechtsmissbrauch im Zusammenhang mit Zweitwohnungen (E. 2.1-2.3). Angesichts des Bevölkerungsrückgangs in Verbier zwischen 2013 und 2016 und des Angebots von mehreren Dutzend Unterkünften erscheint die Nachfrage nach Erstwohnungen ungenügend; das Projekt dürfte deshalb nur bewilligt werden, wenn noch vor dem Bau ernsthafte und konkrete Zusicherungen für den Erwerb durch ganzjährige Bewohner vorliegen würden (E. 2.4).

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