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Federal Act
on Administrative Procedure
(Administrative Procedure Act, APA)1

of 20 December 1968 (Status as of 1 July 2022)

1 Abbreviation added by Annex No II 3 of the Law Enforcement Authorities Act of 19 March 2010, in force since 1 Jan. 2011 (AS 2010 3267; BBl 20088125).

The Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation,

on the basis of Article 103 of the Federal Constitution2,3
and having considered the Dispatch of the Federal Council dated
24 September 19654,

decrees:

2[BS 1 3]. This provision corresponds to Art. 177 para. 3 and 187 para. 1 let. d of the Federal Constitution of 18 April 1999 (SR 101).

3 Amended by Annex No 2 of the FA of 6 Oct. 2000 on the General Provisions of Social Insurance Law, in force since 1 Jan. 2003 (AS 2002 3371; BBl 1991 II 185910, 1994 V 921, 1999 4523).

4BBl 1965 II 1348

Section 1 Scope of Application and Definitions

Art. 1  

A. Scope of ap­plic­a­tion

I. Prin­ciple

 

1 This Act ap­plies to the pro­ced­ure in ad­min­is­trat­ive mat­ters that are to be dealt with by rul­ings of fed­er­al ad­min­is­trat­ive au­thor­it­ies of first in­stance or on ap­peal.

2 Au­thor­it­ies in terms of para­graph 1 are:

a.5
the Fed­er­al Coun­cil, its de­part­ments, the Fed­er­al Chan­cellery and the ser­vices sub­or­din­ate to it, and busi­nesses, in­sti­tu­tions and oth­er pub­lic of­fices of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­tra­tion;
b.6
or­gans of the Fed­er­al As­sembly and of the fed­er­al courts re­spons­ible for rul­ings in the first in­stance and ap­peal de­cisions in ac­cord­ance with the Pub­lic Of­fi­cials Act of 30 June 19277;
c.
autonom­ous fed­er­al in­sti­tu­tions or busi­nesses;
cbis.8 the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court;
d.
the fed­er­al com­mit­tees;
e.
oth­er au­thor­it­ies or or­gan­isa­tions out­side the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­tra­tion, provided they are is­su­ing an rul­ing in ful­fil­ment of the fed­er­al pub­lic law du­ties as­signed to them.

3 Only Art­icles 34−38 and 61 para­graphs 2 and 3 on the no­ti­fic­a­tion of rul­ings and Art­icle 55 para­graphs 2 and 4 on the with­draw­al of sus­pens­ive ef­fect ap­ply to the pro­ced­ure of the can­ton­al au­thor­it­ies of fi­nal in­stance that is­sue rul­ings based on fed­er­al pub­lic law that are not fi­nal rul­ings. Art­icle 97 of the Fed­er­al Act of 20 Decem­ber 19469 on the Old-Age and Sur­viv­or’s In­sur­ance re­lat­ing to the with­draw­al of the sus­pens­ive ef­fect of ap­peals against rul­ings is­sued by the com­pens­a­tion funds is re­served.10 11

5Amended by No II of the FA of 28 June 1972 on the Amend­ment of the Fed­er­al Con­sti­tu­tion re­lat­ing to the Terms of Em­ploy­ment of Fed­er­al Per­son­nel, in force since 1 Jan. 1973 (AS 1972 2435; BBl 1971 II 1914).

6Amended by An­nex No 4 of the FA of 8 Oct. 1999, in force since 1 Jan. 2000 (AS 2000 273; BBl 1999 48095979).

7 [BS 1 489; AS 1958 1413Art. 27 let. c; 1997 2465 An­nex No 4; 2000 411No II, 1853; 2001 894Art. 39 para. 1, 2197Art. 2, 3292Art. 2. AS 2008 3437No I 1]. See now the Fed­er­al Per­son­nel Act of 24 March 2000 (SR 172.220.1).

8 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

9 SR 831.10

10Word­ing of sen­tence ac­cord­ing to An­nex No 2 of the FA of 6 Oct. 2000 on the Gen­er­al Pro­vi­sions of So­cial In­sur­ance Law, in force since 1 Jan. 2003 (AS 2002 3371; BBl 1991 II 185910, 1994 V 921, 1999 4523).

11 Amended by No II 7 of the FA of 24 June 1977 (9 OASI Re­view), in force since 1 Jan. 1979 (AS 1978 391; BBl 1976 III 1).

Art. 2  

II. Ex­cep­tions

1. Par­tial ap­plic­a­tion

 

1 Art­icles 12–19 and 30–33 do not ap­ply to tax pro­ceed­ings.

2 Art­icles 4–6, 10, 34, 35, 37 and 38 ap­ply to the test­ing pro­ced­ure in pro­fes­sion­al edu­ca­tion and train­ing ex­am­in­a­tions.

3 Com­puls­ory pur­chase pro­ced­ures are gov­erned by this Act un­less the Fed­er­al Act of 20 June 193012 on Com­puls­ory Pur­chase provides oth­er­wise.13

4 The pro­ced­ure be­fore the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court is gov­erned by this Act, un­less the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 200514 provides oth­er­wise.15

12 SR 711

13 Amended by An­nex No 2 of the FA of 19 June 2020, in force since 1 Jan. 2021 (AS 2020 4085; BBl 2018 4713).

14 SR 173.32

15 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 3  

2. Non-ap­plic­ab­il­ity

 

This Act does not ap­ply to:

a.
the pro­ced­ures of au­thor­it­ies in terms of Art­icle 1 para­graph 2 let­ter e if a dir­ect ap­peal to a fed­er­al au­thor­ity against their rul­ings is in­ad­miss­ible;
b.
in re­la­tion to fed­er­al per­son­nel, the pro­ced­ure in the first in­stance re­lat­ing to the es­tab­lish­ment of an em­ploy­ment re­la­tion­ship, to the pro­mo­tion of fed­er­al per­son­nel, and to em­ploy­ment re­lated dir­ect­ives to fed­er­al per­son­nel16 and the pro­ced­ure for the au­thor­isa­tion of the pro­sec­u­tion of fed­er­al per­son­nel;
c.
ad­min­is­trat­ive crim­in­al pro­ceed­ings and re­lated crim­in­al in­vest­ig­a­tion pro­ceed­ings;
d.17
the pro­ced­ure for the ad­min­is­tra­tion of mil­it­ary justice in­clud­ing the ad­min­is­tra­tion of mil­it­ary dis­cip­line, the pro­ced­ure in mil­it­ary com­mand mat­ters in terms of Art­icle 37 as well as the pro­ced­ure in terms of Art­icles 38 and 39 of the Armed Forces Act of 3 Feb­ru­ary 199518,19 ...20;
dbis.21
the pro­ced­ure in so­cial in­sur­ance mat­ters, provided the Fed­er­al Act of 6 Oc­to­ber 200022 on the Gen­er­al Pro­vi­sions of So­cial In­sur­ance law is ap­plic­able;
e.23
the pro­ced­ure for cus­toms clear­ance;
ebis.24
...
f.
pro­ceed­ings in the first in­stance in oth­er ad­min­is­trat­ive mat­ters, if due to their nature they must be dealt with by an im­me­di­ately en­force­able rul­ing.

16Part of sen­tence ac­cord­ing to No 2 of the An­nex to the FA of 19 Dec. 1986, in force since 1 Ju­ly 1987 (AS 1987 932; BBl 1986 II 313).

17Amended by No 1 of the An­nex to the FA of 22 June 1990, in force since 1 Jan. 1991 (AS 1990 1882; BBl 1989 II 1194).

18SR 510.10

19Amended by An­nex No 1 of the Armed Forces Act of 3 Feb. 1995,in force since 1 Jan. 1996 (AS 1995 4093; BBl 1993 IV 1).

20 Third lemma re­pealed by An­nex No 1 of the FA of 4 Oct. 2002, with ef­fect from 1 Jan. 2004 (AS 20033957; BBl 2002 858).

21 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 2 of the FA of 6 Oct. 2000 on the Gen­er­al Pro­vi­sions of So­cial Se­cur­ity Law, in force since 1 Jan. 2003 (AS 2002 3371; BBl 1991 II 185910, 1994 V 921, 1999 4523).

22 SR 830.1

23 Amended by An­nex No 1 of the Cus­toms Act of 18 March 2005, in force since 1 May 2007 (AS 2007 1411; BBl 2004 567).

24In­ser­ted by Art. 26 of the FD of 7 Oct. 1983 on the In­de­pend­ent Com­plaints Au­thor­ity for Ra­dio and Tele­vi­sion (AS 1984 153; BBl 1981 III 105). Re­pealed by An­nex No II 1 of the FA of 24 March 2006 on Ra­dio and Tele­vi­sion, with ef­fect from 1 April 2007 (AS 2007 737; BBl 2003 1569).

Art. 4  

III. Ad­di­tion­al pro­vi­sions

 

Pro­vi­sions of fed­er­al law that reg­u­late a pro­ced­ure in more de­tail ap­ply provided that they are not con­tra­dict­ory to the pro­vi­sions of this Act.

Art. 5  

B. Defin­i­tions

I. Rul­ings

 

1 Rul­ings are de­cisions of the au­thor­it­ies in in­di­vidu­al cases that are based on the pub­lic law of the Con­fed­er­a­tion and have as their sub­ject mat­ter the fol­low­ing:

a.
the es­tab­lish­ment, amend­ment or with­draw­al of rights or ob­lig­a­tions;
a.
a find­ing of the ex­ist­ence, non-ex­ist­ence or ex­tent of rights or ob­lig­a­tions;
c.
the re­jec­tion of ap­plic­a­tions for the es­tab­lish­ment, amend­ment, with­draw­al or find­ing of rights or ob­lig­a­tions, or the dis­missal of such ap­plic­a­tions without en­ter­ing in­to the sub­stance of the case.

2 Rul­ings are also en­force­ment meas­ures (Art. 41 para. 1 let. a and b), in­ter­im or­ders (Art. 45), de­cisions on ob­jec­tions (Art. 30 para. 2 let. b, 46 let. b, and 74 let. b), ap­peal de­cisions (Art. 61 and 70), de­cisions in a re­view (Art. 68) and on ex­plan­at­ory state­ments (Art. 69).25

3 De­clar­a­tions made by au­thor­it­ies on the re­jec­tion or rais­ing of claims that must be pur­sued by tak­ing leg­al pro­ceed­ings do not con­sti­tute rul­ings.

25 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 6  

II. Parties

 

Parties are per­sons whose rights or ob­lig­a­tions are in­ten­ded to be af­fected by the rul­ing and oth­er per­sons, or­gan­isa­tions or au­thor­it­ies who have a leg­al rem­edy against the rul­ing.

Section 2 General Procedural Principles

Art. 7  

A. Jur­is­dic­tion

I. As­sess­ment

 

1 The au­thor­ity shall as­sess its jur­is­dic­tion ex of­fi­cio.

2 The es­tab­lish­ment of jur­is­dic­tion by agree­ment between the au­thor­ity and the party is not per­mit­ted.

Art. 8  

II. Re­fer­ral and ex­change of views

 

1 An au­thor­ity that re­gards it­self as not hav­ing jur­is­dic­tion shall refer the mat­ter without delay to the com­pet­ent au­thor­ity.

2 If an au­thor­ity re­gards its jur­is­dic­tion as doubt­ful, it shall im­me­di­ately enter in­to an ex­change of views with the au­thor­ity which it con­siders to have jur­is­dic­tion.

Art. 9  

III. Dis­putes

 

1 An au­thor­ity that re­gards it­self as hav­ing jur­is­dic­tion shall con­firm this in a rul­ing if a party con­tests its jur­is­dic­tion.

2 An au­thor­ity that re­gards it­self as not hav­ing jur­is­dic­tion shall is­sue a rul­ing that the mat­ter is in­ad­miss­ible if a party claims that it has jur­is­dic­tion.

3 Jur­is­dic­tion­al con­flicts between au­thor­it­ies, with the ex­cep­tion of jur­is­dic­tion­al con­flicts with the Fed­er­al Su­preme Court, the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court or with can­ton­al au­thor­it­ies, shall be de­cided by the joint su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity, or in the ab­sence of such, the Fed­er­al Coun­cil.26

26 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 10  

B. Re­cus­al

 

1 Per­sons who are re­spons­ible for pre­par­ing or is­su­ing a rul­ing shall re­cuse them­selves from the case, if they:

a.
have a per­son­al in­terest in the mat­ter;
b.27
are re­lated to a party either by mar­riage or re­gistered part­ner­ship or by be­ing the co­hab­it­ee of that party;
bbis.28 are re­lated to a party by blood or by mar­riage in a dir­ect line or col­lat­er­ally to the third de­gree;
c.
are the rep­res­ent­at­ive of a party or if they have ac­ted for a party in the same mat­ter;
d.
could be re­garded for oth­er reas­ons as lack­ing im­par­ti­al­ity in the mat­ter.

2 In the event of any dis­pute over with­draw­al, the su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity shall de­cide, or if the dis­pute relates to the re­cus­al of a mem­ber of a col­legi­al au­thor­ity, then the board shall de­cide in the ab­sence of the mem­ber con­cerned.

27 Amended by An­nex No 5 of the Same-Sex Part­ner­ships Act of 18 June 2004, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS 2005 5685; BBl 2003 1288).

28 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 5 of the Same-Sex Part­ner­ships Act of 18 June 2004, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS 2005 5685; BBl 2003 1288).

Art. 11  

C. Rep­res­ent­a­tion and leg­al as­sist­ance.

I. In gen­er­al

 

1 At any stage in the pro­ced­ure, a party may, if he is not re­quired to act per­son­ally, be rep­res­en­ted, or, provided the ur­gency of an of­fi­cial in­vest­ig­a­tion does not pre­clude it, be as­sisted by leg­al coun­sel.30

2 The au­thor­ity may re­quire the rep­res­ent­at­ive to provide a writ­ten power of at­tor­ney.

3 As long as the party does not re­voke the power of at­tor­ney, the au­thor­ity shall ad­dress any com­mu­nic­a­tions to the rep­res­ent­at­ive.

30 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS 2006 21971069; BBl 2001 4202).

Art. 11a31  

II. Man­dat­ory rep­res­ent­a­tion

 

1 If more than 20 parties ap­pear in a case with joint or in­di­vidu­al sub­mis­sions in or­der to as­sert the same in­terests, the au­thor­ity may de­mand that they ap­point one or more rep­res­ent­at­ives to act on their be­half in the pro­ced­ure.

2 If this de­mand is not com­plied with with­in a reas­on­able peri­od, then the au­thor­ity shall it­self ap­point one or more rep­res­ent­at­ives.

3 The pro­vi­sions on the re­im­burse­ment of the rep­res­ent­a­tion costs in ap­peal pro­ceed­ings are ap­plic­able in an ana­log­ous man­ner to the costs of such rep­res­ent­a­tion. The party against whom the sub­mis­sions are dir­ec­ted must make a pay­ment to ac­count to­wards the costs of of­fi­cial rep­res­ent­a­tion if ordered to do so by the au­thor­ity.

31In­ser­ted by An­nex No 3 of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991, in force since 15 Feb. 1992 (AS 1992 288337Art. 2 para. 1 let. b; BBl 1991 II 465).

Art. 11b32  

III. Ad­dress for ser­vice

 

1 Parties who make an ap­plic­a­tion in pro­ceed­ings must in­dic­ate their place of res­id­ence or re­gistered of­fice to the au­thor­ity. If they live abroad, they must in­dic­ate an ad­dress for ser­vice in Switzer­land, un­less in­ter­na­tion­al law or the com­pet­ent for­eign body per­mits the au­thor­ity to serve doc­u­ments dir­ectly in the state con­cerned.33

2 The parties may also in­dic­ate an elec­tron­ic mail ad­dress and de­clare that they con­sent to ser­vice by elec­tron­ic mail. The Fed­er­al Coun­cil may provide that for elec­tron­ic mail ser­vice fur­ther de­tails of the parties are re­quired.

32 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

33 Second sen­tence amended by An­nex No 1 of the FD of 28 Sept. 2018 on the Ap­prov­al and Im­ple­ment­a­tion of European Con­ven­tion No 94 on the Ser­vice Abroad of Doc­u­ments re­lat­ing to Ad­min­is­trat­ive Mat­ters, in force since 1. April 2019 (AS 2019 975; BBl 2017 5947).

Art. 12  

D. Es­tab­lish­ing of the facts of the case

I. Prin­ciples

 

The au­thor­ity shall es­tab­lish the facts of the case ex of­fi­cio and ob­tain evid­ence by means of the fol­low­ing:

a.
of­fi­cial doc­u­ments;
b.
in­form­a­tion from the parties;
c.
in­form­a­tion or testi­mony from third parties;
d.
in­spec­tion;
e.
ex­pert opin­ions.
Art. 13  

II. Co­oper­a­tion by the parties

 

1 The parties are ob­liged to co­oper­ate in es­tab­lish­ing the facts of the case:

a.
in pro­ceed­ings that are ini­ti­ated on their own ap­plic­a­tion;
b.
in any oth­er pro­ceed­ings in which they make their own in­de­pend­ent ap­plic­a­tions;
c.
if they are sub­ject to a more ex­tens­ive duty to provide in­form­a­tion or duty of dis­clos­ure un­der an­oth­er fed­er­al act.

1bis The co­oper­a­tion ob­lig­a­tion does not ex­tend to the han­dover of items and doc­u­ments used in com­mu­nic­a­tions between a party and his or her law­yer provided the law­yer is en­titled to rep­res­ent cli­ents be­fore the Swiss courts in ac­cord­ance with the Law­yers Act of 23 June 200034.35

2 The au­thor­ity shall not be re­quired to con­sider an ap­plic­a­tion in terms of para­graph 1 let­ter a or b if the parties re­fuse to provide the re­quired and reas­on­able co­oper­a­tion.

34 SR 935.61

35 In­ser­ted by No I 2 of the FA of 28 Sept. 2012 on the Amend­ment of Pro­ced­ur­al Pro­vi­sions on Law­yers’ Pro­fes­sion­al Secrecy, in force since 1 May 2013 (AS 2013 847; BBl 2011 8181).

Art. 14  

III. Ex­am­in­a­tion of wit­nesses

1. Jur­is­dic­tion

 

1 If it is not pos­sible to es­tab­lish the facts of the case suf­fi­ciently in any oth­er way, the fol­low­ing au­thor­it­ies may or­der the ex­am­in­a­tion of wit­nesses:

a.
the Fed­er­al Coun­cil and its de­part­ments;
b.
the Fed­er­al Of­fice of Justice36 of the Fed­er­al De­part­ment of Justice and Po­lice;
c.37
the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court;
d.38
the com­pet­i­tion au­thor­it­ies in terms of the Car­tels Act of 6 Oc­to­ber 199539;
e.40
the Swiss Fin­an­cial Mar­ket Su­per­vis­ory Au­thor­ity;
f.41
the Fed­er­al Audit Over­sight Au­thor­ity;
g.42
the Fed­er­al Tax Ad­min­is­tra­tion,
h.43
the Fed­er­al Ar­bit­ra­tion Com­mis­sion for the Ex­ploit­a­tion of Copy­rights and Re­lated Rights.

2 The au­thor­it­ies men­tioned in para­graph 1 let­ters a, b, d–f and h shall in­struct a suit­ably qual­i­fied pub­lic of­fi­cial to ex­am­ine the wit­nesses.44

3 The au­thor­it­ies men­tioned in para­graph 1 let­ter a may au­thor­ise per­sons out­side an au­thor­ity that has been in­struc­ted to con­duct an of­fi­cial in­vest­ig­a­tion to ex­am­ine the wit­nesses.

36 Term ac­cord­ing to un­pub­lished Fed­er­al Coun­cil De­cree of 19 Dec. 1997.

37 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

38In­ser­ted by An­nex No 2 of the Car­tels Act of 6 Oct. 1995, in force since 1 Ju­ly 1996 (AS 1996 546; BBl 1995 I 468).

39SR 251

40 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 2 of the Fin­an­cial Mar­ket Su­per­vi­sion Act of 22 June 2007, in force since 1 Jan. 2009 (AS 2008 5207; BBl 2006 2829).

41 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 1 of the FA of 20 June 2014 (Con­sol­id­a­tion of Over­sight through Audit Com­pan­ies), in force since 1 Jan. 2015 (AS 2014 4073; BBl 2013 6857).

42 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 1 of the FA of 30 Sept. 2016, in force since 1 Jan. 2018 (AS 2017 3575; BBl 2015 2615).

43 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 1 of the FA of 27 Sept. 2019, in force since 1 April 2020 (AS 2020 1003; BBl 2018 591).

44 Amended by An­nex No 1 of the FA of 27 Sept. 2019, in force since 1 April 2020 (AS 2020 1003; BBl 2018 591).

Art. 15  

2. Duty to testi­fy

 

Every­one is ob­liged to testi­fy.

Art. 16  

3. Right to re­fuse to testi­fy

 

1 The right to re­fuse to testi­fy is gov­erned by Art­icle 42 para­graphs 1 and 3 of the Fed­er­al Act of 4 Decem­ber 194745 on Fed­er­al Civil Pro­ced­ure (FCP).

1bis The me­di­at­or is en­titled to re­fuse to testi­fy on mat­ters that have come to his at­ten­tion in the course of his activ­it­ies in terms of Art­icle 33b.46

2 A per­son who has know­ledge of a pro­fes­sion­al or trade secret in terms of Art­icle 42 para­graph 2 FCP may the re­fuse to testi­fy un­less he is re­quired to testi­fy by an­oth­er fed­er­al act.

3 ...47

45SR 273

46 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

47 Re­pealed by No I 1 of the FA of 23 June 2000 on the Amend­ment of Fed­er­al Le­gis­la­tion in or­der to guar­an­tee the Pro­tec­tion of Journ­al­ist­ic Sources, with ef­fect from 1 Feb. 2001 (AS 2001 118; BBl 1999 7966).

Art. 17  

4. Oth­er ob­lig­a­tions of wit­nesses

 

Any per­son who may be ex­amined as a wit­ness must also co­oper­ate in the gath­er­ing of oth­er evid­ence; in par­tic­u­lar he must hand over any doc­u­ments that are in his pos­ses­sion. Art­icle 51a FCP48 is re­served.49

48 SR 273

49 Second sen­tence in­ser­ted by No I 2 of the FA of 28 Sept. 2012 on the Amend­ment of Pro­ced­ur­al Pro­vi­sions on Law­yers’ Pro­fes­sion­al Secrecy, in force since 1 May (AS 2013 847; BBl 2011 8181).

Art. 18  

5. Rights of the parties

 

1 The parties have the right to at­tend the ex­am­in­a­tion of wit­nesses and to ask sup­ple­ment­ary ques­tions.

2 To safe­guard es­sen­tial pub­lic or private in­terests, the wit­nesses may be ex­amined in the ab­sence of the parties, who may also be re­fused the right to in­spect the tran­script of the ex­am­in­a­tion.

3 If they are re­fused the right to in­spect the tran­script of the ex­am­in­a­tion, Art­icle 28 ap­plies.

Art. 19  

IV. Sup­ple­ment­ary pro­vi­sions

 

Art­icles 37, 39–41 and 43–61 FCP50 also ap­ply by ana­logy to the pro­ced­ure for ob­tain­ing evid­ence; in place of the pen­al­ties that the FCP provides for de­fault­ing parties or third parties, the pen­al­ties in Art­icle 60 of this Act ap­ply.

Art. 20  

E. Peri­ods

I. Cal­cu­la­tion

 

1 If a peri­od is cal­cu­lated in days and if no­tice there­of must be giv­en to the parties, it be­gins to run from the day fol­low­ing that day on which no­tice is giv­en.

2 If no no­tice need be giv­en to the parties, the peri­od be­gins on the day fol­low­ing the day on which it is triggered.

2bis A no­tice that may only be served against the sig­na­ture of the ad­dress­ee or of an­oth­er au­thor­ised per­son is deemed to have been served at the latest on the sev­enth day fol­low­ing the first un­suc­cess­ful at­tempt at ser­vice.51

3 If the last day of the peri­od is a Sat­urday, a Sunday or a pub­lic hol­i­day re­cog­nised un­der fed­er­al or can­ton­al law, the peri­od ends on the next work­ing day. The law of the can­ton in which the party or its rep­res­ent­at­ive is res­id­ent or has its re­gistered of­fice is au­thor­it­at­ive.52

51 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

52 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 21  

1. In gen­er­al

 

II. Com­pli­ance

1 Writ­ten sub­mis­sions must be filed with the au­thor­ity or con­signed for de­liv­ery to swiss Post54 or a Swiss dip­lo­mat­ic or con­su­lar mis­sion at the latest on the last day of the peri­od.

1bis Writ­ten sub­mis­sions to the Fed­er­al In­sti­tute of In­tel­lec­tu­al Prop­erty55 may not be val­idly filed via a Swiss dip­lo­mat­ic or con­su­lar mis­sion.56

2 If the party files the sub­mis­sion in time but with an au­thor­ity that is not com­pet­ent, the peri­od is deemed to have been com­plied with.

3 The peri­od al­lowed for an ad­vance pay­ment to be made is com­plied with if the pay­ment in fa­vour of the au­thor­ity is made in time to Swiss Post or if a postal or bank ac­count in Switzer­land is deb­ited.57

54 Now: Swiss Post.

55 Term ac­cord­ing to un­pub­lished Fed­er­al Coun­cil De­cree of 19 Dec. 1997. This amend­ment has been taken in­to ac­count throughout this Act.

56In­ser­ted by No II of the FA of 17. Dec. 1976 on the Amend­ment of the FA on Pat­ents for In­ven­tions, in force since 1 Jan. 1978 (AS 1977 1997; BBl 1976 II 1).

57 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 21a58  

2. Elec­tron­ic mail ser­vice

 

1 Sub­mis­sions may be sent to the au­thor­ity elec­tron­ic­ally.

2 The sub­mis­sion must be fur­nished with a qual­i­fied elec­tron­ic sig­na­ture of the party or its rep­res­ent­at­ive in ac­cord­ance with the Fed­er­al Act of 18 March 201659 on Elec­tron­ic Sig­na­tures.

3 For com­pli­ance with a dead­line, the de­cis­ive time is that when the re­ceipt was is­sued con­firm­ing that all pro­ced­ur­al steps re­quired of the party or its rep­res­ent­at­ive for trans­mis­sion have been com­pleted.

4 The Fed­er­al Coun­cil shall reg­u­late:

a.
the format of the sub­mis­sion and its ac­com­pa­ny­ing doc­u­ments;
b.
the form and meth­od of trans­mis­sion;
c.
the re­quire­ments by which doc­u­ments may be re-sub­mit­ted on pa­per in the event of tech­nic­al prob­lems.

58 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005 (AS 2006 2197; BBl 2001 4202). Amended by An­nex No II 1 of the FA of 18 March 2016 on Elec­tron­ic Sig­na­tures, in force since 1 Jan. 2017 (AS 2016 4651; BBl 2014 1001).

59 SR 943.03

Art. 22  

III. Ex­ten­sion

 

1 A stat­utory peri­od may not be ex­ten­ded.

2 A peri­od fixed by an au­thor­ity may be ex­ten­ded where there are reas­on­able grounds provided the party re­quests the ex­ten­sion be­fore ex­piry of the peri­od.

Art. 22a60  

IIIaLeg­al hol­i­days

 

1 Stat­utory or of­fi­cial peri­ods that are stip­u­lated in days do not run:

a.
from the sev­enth day be­fore East­er up to and in­clud­ing the sev­enth day after East­er;
b.
from 15 Ju­ly up to and in­clud­ing 15 Au­gust;
c.61
from 18 Decem­ber up to and in­clud­ing 2 Janu­ary.

2 Para­graph 1 does not ap­ply in pro­ceed­ings re­lat­ing to:

a.
the grant­ing of sus­pens­ive ef­fect and oth­er pre­cau­tion­ary meas­ures;
b.
pub­lic pro­cure­ment.62

60In­ser­ted by An­nex No 3 of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991, in force since 15 Feb. 1992 (AS 1992 288337Art. 2 para. 1 let. b; BBl 1991 II 465).

61 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

62 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, (AS 2006 21971069; BBl 2001 4202). Amended by An­nex 7 No II of the FA of 21 June 2019 on Pub­lic Pro­cure­ment, in force since 1 Jan. 2021 (AS 2020 641; BBl 2017 1851).

Art. 23  

IV. Con­sequences of non-com­pli­ance

 

The au­thor­ity that fixes a peri­od shall at the same time in­dic­ate the con­sequences of the fail­ure to com­ply with that peri­od; in the event of non-com­pli­ance, only the con­sequences in­dic­ated shall ap­ply.

Art. 24  

V. Re­in­state­ment

 

1 If the ap­plic­ant or his rep­res­ent­at­ive is pre­ven­ted through no fault of his own from act­ing be­fore the ex­piry of the peri­od, the peri­od shall be re­in­stated provided he re­quests the same stat­ing the reas­ons there­for with­in 30 days of the dis­con­tinu­ation of the im­ped­i­ment and car­ries out the leg­al act re­quired; Art­icle 32 para­graph 2 is re­served.63

2 Para­graph 1 does not ap­ply to peri­ods that must be com­plied with in pat­ent cases be­fore the Fed­er­al In­sti­tute of In­tel­lec­tu­al Prop­erty.64

63 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

64In­ser­ted by No II of the FA of 17 Dec. 1976 on the Amend­ment of the FA on Pat­ents for In­ven­tions, in force since 1 Jan. 1978 (AS 1977 1997; BBl 1976 II 1).

Art. 25  

F. De­clar­at­ory pro­ced­ure

 

1 The au­thor­ity com­pet­ent in the mat­ter may, ex of­fi­cio or on ap­plic­a­tion, is­sue a de­clar­at­ory rul­ing on the ex­ist­ence, the non-ex­ist­ence or the ex­tent of pub­lic law rights or ob­lig­a­tions.

2 The ap­plic­a­tion for a de­clar­at­ory rul­ing must be gran­ted if the ap­plic­ant demon­strates an in­terest that is worthy of pro­tec­tion.

3 No party may be pre­ju­diced by act­ing in jus­ti­fied re­li­ance on a de­clar­at­ory rul­ing.

Art. 25a65  

Fbis. Rul­ing on real acts

 

1 Any per­son who has an in­terest that is worthy of pro­tec­tion may re­quest from the au­thor­ity that is re­spons­ible for acts that are based on fed­er­al pub­lic law and which af­fect rights or ob­lig­a­tions that it:

a.
re­frains from, dis­con­tin­ues or re­vokes un­law­ful acts;
b.
rec­ti­fies the con­sequences of un­law­ful acts;
c.
con­firms the il­leg­al­ity of such acts.

2 The au­thor­ity shall de­cide by way of a rul­ing.

65 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 26  

G. In­spec­tion of files

I. Prin­ciples

 

1 The party or his rep­res­ent­at­ive has the right to in­spect the fol­low­ing files re­lat­ing to his case at the of­fices of the au­thor­ity is­su­ing the rul­ing or of a can­ton­al au­thor­ity that it des­ig­nates:

a.
sub­mis­sions from parties and the com­ments made there­on by the au­thor­it­ies;
b.
any doc­u­ments serving as evid­ence;
c.
cop­ies of rul­ings already is­sued.

1bis The au­thor­ity may make the doc­u­ments avail­able for in­spec­tion elec­tron­ic­ally provided the party or his rep­res­ent­at­ive is in agree­ment.66

2 The au­thor­ity is­su­ing the rul­ing may charge a fee for the in­spec­tion of the files of a case that has been con­cluded; the Fed­er­al Coun­cil shall reg­u­late the as­sess­ment of the fee.

66 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 27  

II. Ex­cep­tions

 

1 The au­thor­ity may re­fuse to al­low the in­spec­tion of the files only if:

a.
es­sen­tial pub­lic in­terests of the Con­fed­er­a­tion or the can­tons, and in par­tic­u­lar the in­tern­al or ex­tern­al se­cur­ity of the Con­fed­er­a­tion, re­quire that secrecy be pre­served;
b.
es­sen­tial private in­terests, and in par­tic­u­lar those of re­spond­ents, re­quire that secrecy be pre­served;
c.
the in­terests of an of­fi­cial in­vest­ig­a­tion that has not yet been con­cluded so re­quires.

2 Any re­fus­al to al­low in­spec­tion may only ex­tend to the doc­u­ments that must re­main con­fid­en­tial.

3 At no time may a party be re­fused the right to in­spect his own sub­mis­sions, the of­fi­cial doc­u­ments he has sub­mit­ted in evid­ence or rul­ings is­sued to him; he may be re­fused the right to in­spect the tran­scripts of his own state­ments only if the in­vest­ig­a­tion has not yet been con­cluded

Art. 28  

III. Rel­ev­ance of secret doc­u­ments

 

If a party is re­fused the right to in­spect a doc­u­ment, this doc­u­ment may be re­lied on to the pre­ju­dice of that party only if the party has been no­ti­fied by the au­thor­ity either verbally or in writ­ing of the con­tent of the doc­u­ment that is rel­ev­ant to the case and the party has been giv­en the op­por­tun­ity to state his po­s­i­tion on the doc­u­ment and to provide counter evid­ence.

Art. 29  

H. Right to be heard

I. Prin­ciple

 

The parties shall have the right to be heard.

Art. 30  

II. Pre­lim­in­ary hear­ing

1. Gen­er­al

 

1 The au­thor­ity shall hear the parties be­fore is­su­ing a rul­ing.

2 It is not re­quired to hear the parties be­fore is­su­ing:

a.
in­ter­im or­ders that can­not be con­tested sep­ar­ately by ap­peal;
b.
rul­ings that are con­test­able by ob­jec­tion;
c.
rul­ings in which the au­thor­ity grants the ap­plic­a­tion of the parties in full;
d.
en­force­ment meas­ures;
e.
oth­er rul­ings in pro­ceed­ings of first in­stance if there is a risk in any delay, the parties have the right to ap­peal against the rul­ing and no oth­er pro­vi­sion of fed­er­al law guar­an­tees the right to pre­lim­in­ary hear­ing.
Art. 30a68  

2. Spe­cial op­pos­i­tion pro­ced­ure

 

1 If it is prob­able that a rul­ing will af­fect nu­mer­ous per­sons or if it is not pos­sible to identi­fy all the parties without in­cur­ring un­reas­on­able ex­pense, the au­thor­ity, be­fore is­su­ing its rul­ing, may pub­lish the ap­plic­a­tion or the in­ten­ded rul­ing without stat­ing the grounds in an of­fi­cial gaz­ette while at the same time mak­ing the ap­plic­a­tion or the in­ten­ded rul­ing with the grounds there­for avail­able for pub­lic in­spec­tion, giv­ing no­tice of where it may be in­spec­ted.

2 It shall hear the parties, by al­low­ing them an ap­pro­pri­ate peri­od to file their op­pos­i­tion.

3 The au­thor­ity shall give no­tice in its pub­lic­a­tion of the ob­lig­a­tion of the parties to ap­point an agent where ne­ces­sary and to pay pro­ced­ur­al costs and leg­al costs.

68In­ser­ted by An­nex No 3 of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991, in force since 15 Feb. 1992 (AS 1992 288337Art. 2 para. 1 let. b; BBl 1991 II 465).

Art. 31  

III. Hear­ing for the re­spond­ent

 

In a case where sev­er­al parties have con­flict­ing in­terests, the au­thor­ity shall hear each party on the ar­gu­ments of a re­spond­ent that ap­pear to be rel­ev­ant and that do not ex­clus­ively fa­vour the oth­er parties.

Art. 32  

IV. Ex­am­in­a­tion of the ar­gu­ments of the parties

 

1 The au­thor­ity shall as­sess be­fore it is­sues a rul­ing all ar­gu­ments of the parties that are rel­ev­ant and filed in time.

2 Ar­gu­ments filed late by the parties that ap­pear to be cru­cial may be con­sidered des­pite the delay.

Art. 33  

V. Evid­ence

 

1 The au­thor­ity shall ad­mit the evid­ence offered if it ap­pears re­li­able for de­term­in­ing the facts of the case.

2 If tak­ing the evid­ence en­tails com­par­at­ively high costs, and if the party will be li­able for costs if the rul­ing is not in his fa­vour, the au­thor­ity may make the tak­ing of evid­ence de­pend­ent on the party mak­ing an ad­vance pay­ment, with­in a spe­cif­ic peri­od, of the costs that may reas­on­ably be in­curred; a party without fin­an­cial means shall be ex­emp­ted from the ob­lig­a­tion to make ad­vance pay­ment.

Art. 33a69  

Hbis. Lan­guage of the pro­ceed­ings

 

1 The pro­ceed­ings shall be con­duc­ted in one of the four of­fi­cial lan­guages, and nor­mally in the lan­guage in which the parties have filed or would file their ap­plic­a­tions.

2 In ap­peal pro­ceed­ings, the lan­guage of the con­tested de­cision is de­cis­ive. If the parties use a dif­fer­ent of­fi­cial lan­guage, the pro­ceed­ings may be con­duc­ted in this lan­guage.

3 If a party files of­fi­cial doc­u­ments that are not in an of­fi­cial lan­guage, the au­thor­ity may with the con­sent of the oth­er parties waive the re­quire­ment of a trans­la­tion.

4 If ne­ces­sary, the au­thor­ity shall or­der a trans­la­tion to be ob­tained.

69 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 33b70  

Hter. Am­ic­able agree­ment and me­di­ation

 

1 The au­thor­ity may sus­pend the pro­ceed­ings with the con­sent of the parties in or­der that the parties may agree on the con­tent of the rul­ing. The agree­ment should state that the parties waive their right of ap­peal and how the parties in­tend to al­loc­ate the costs.

2 In or­der to en­cour­age an agree­ment, the au­thor­ity may ap­point a neut­ral and suit­ably qual­i­fied nat­ur­al per­son to be a me­di­at­or.

3 The me­di­at­or shall be bound only by the law and his man­date from the au­thor­ity. He may take evid­ence; for in­spec­tions, re­ports from ex­perts and the ex­am­in­a­tion of wit­nesses, he shall re­quire pri­or au­thor­isa­tion from the au­thor­ity.

4 The au­thor­ity shall make the agree­ment the con­tent of its rul­ing, un­less the agree­ment is de­fect­ive in terms of Art­icle 49.

5 If an agree­ment is reached, the au­thor­ity shall not charge any pro­ced­ur­al fees. If no agree­ment is reached, the au­thor­ity may dis­pense with im­pos­ing the costs of me­di­ation on the parties, provided the in­terests in­volved jus­ti­fy this.

6 A party may at any time re­quest that the sus­pen­sion of the pro­ceed­ings be re­voked.

70 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 34  

J. No­ti­fic­a­tion

I. Re­quire­ment of writ­ing

1. Prin­ciple

 

1 The au­thor­ity shall no­ti­fy the parties of its rul­ings in writ­ing.

1bis With the con­sent of the party, no­ti­fic­a­tion of a rul­ing may be giv­en by elec­tron­ic means. The rul­ing must carry an elec­tron­ic sig­na­ture in ac­cord­ance with the Fed­er­al Act of 18 March 201671 on Elec­tron­ic Sig­na­tures. The Fed­er­al Coun­cil shall reg­u­late:

a.
the form of sig­na­ture to be used;
b.
the format of the rul­ing and its ac­com­pa­ny­ing doc­u­ments;
c.
the form and meth­od of trans­mis­sion;
d.
the time at which no­ti­fic­a­tion is deemed to have been giv­en.72

2 The au­thor­ity may verbally no­ti­fy the parties present of in­ter­im or­ders, but it must con­firm the rul­ing to them in writ­ing if any party re­quests this at the time; the peri­od al­lowed for ap­ply­ing for leg­al rem­ed­ies in this case be­gins from the time of writ­ten con­firm­a­tion.73

71 SR 943.03

72 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, (AS 2006 2197; BBl 2001 4202). Amended by An­nex No II 1 of the FA of 18 March 2016 on Elec­tron­ic Sig­na­tures, in force since 1 Jan. 2017 (AS 2016 4651; BBl 2014 1001).

73 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 35  

2. State­ment of grounds and in­struc­tions on leg­al rem­ed­ies

 

1 Writ­ten rul­ings must, even if the au­thor­ity is­sues them in the form of a let­ter, be des­ig­nated as such, must state the grounds on which they are based and con­tain in­struc­tions on leg­al rem­ed­ies.

2 The in­struc­tions on leg­al rem­ed­ies must in­dic­ate the or­din­ary rem­ed­ies, the com­pet­ent au­thor­ity and the peri­od for ap­ply­ing for leg­al rem­ed­ies.

3 The au­thor­ity may dis­pense with stat­ing the grounds for the rul­ing and provid­ing in­struc­tions on leg­al rem­ed­ies if it grants the ap­plic­a­tions of the parties in full and no party re­quests that the grounds be stated.

Art. 36  

II. Of­fi­cial pub­lic­a­tion

 

The au­thor­ity may no­ti­fy its rul­ings by pub­lic­a­tion in an of­fi­cial gaz­ette:74

a.
to any party whose place of res­id­ence is un­known and who has no con­tact­able rep­res­ent­at­ive;
b.75
to any party who resides abroad and has no con­tact­able rep­res­ent­at­ive provided ser­vice at their place of res­id­ence is im­possible or if the party, in con­tra­ven­tion of Art­icle 11b para­graph 1, has failed to in­dic­ate a dom­i­cile for ser­vice in Switzer­land;
c.76
in any case with nu­mer­ous parties;
d.77
in any case which the iden­ti­fic­a­tion of all the parties would en­tail un­reas­on­able ex­pense.

74Amended by An­nex No 3 of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991, in force since 15 Feb. 1992 (AS 1992 288337Art. 2 para. 1 let. b; BBl 1991 II 465).

75 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

76Amended by An­nex No 3 of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991, in force since 15 Feb. 1992 (AS 1992 288337Art. 2 para. 1 let. b; BBl 1991 II 465).

77In­ser­ted by An­nex No 3 of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991, in force since 15 Feb. 1992 (AS 1992 288337Art. 2 para. 1 let. b; BBl 1991 II 465).

Art. 3778  

III. ...

 

78 Re­pealed by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, with ef­fect from 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 38  

IV. De­fect­ive no­ti­fic­a­tion

 

No party may be pre­ju­diced by a de­fect in the no­ti­fic­a­tion pro­ced­ure.

Art. 39  

K. En­force­ment

I. Re­quire­ments

 

The au­thor­ity may en­force its rul­ings provided:

a.
the rul­ing may no longer be con­tested through leg­al rem­ed­ies;
b.
the rul­ing may still be con­tested, but the per­mit­ted leg­al rem­edy does not have a sus­pens­ive ef­fect;
c.
the sus­pens­ive ef­fect of the leg­al rem­edy has been re­voked.
Art. 4079  

II. En­force­ment meas­ures

1. Debt col­lec­tion pro­ced­ures

 

Rul­ings on the pay­ment of money or the pro­vi­sion of se­cur­ity must be en­forced by means of debt col­lec­tion pro­ceed­ings in ac­cord­ance with the Fed­er­al Act of 11 April 188980 on Debt Col­lec­tion and Bank­ruptcy.

79Amended by An­nex No 1 of the FA of 16. Dec. 1994, in force since 1 Jan. 1997 (AS 1995 1227; BBl 1991 III 1).

80SR 281.1

Art. 41  

2. Oth­er en­force­ment meas­ures

 

1 In or­der to en­force oth­er rul­ings, the au­thor­ity shall take the fol­low­ing meas­ures:

a.
sub­sti­tute per­form­ance by the au­thor­ity is­su­ing the rul­ing it­self or by a third party in­struc­ted at the ex­pense of the party li­able; the costs must be de­term­ined by spe­cial rul­ing;
b.
dir­ect en­force­ment against the party li­able in per­son or against his prop­erty;
c.
pro­sec­u­tion in the event that an­oth­er fed­er­al act provides for a pen­alty;
d.
pro­sec­u­tion for con­tempt un­der Art­icle 292 of the Crim­in­al Code81 if no oth­er crim­in­al law pro­vi­sion ap­plies.

2 Be­fore the au­thor­ity takes any en­force­ment meas­ure, it shall give no­tice there­of to the party li­able and al­low him a suit­able peri­od in which to com­ply, in­dic­at­ing the stat­utory pen­al­ties in the cases re­ferred to in para­graph 1 let­ters c and d.

3 In the cases re­ferred to in para­graph 1 let­ters a and b, it may dis­pense with giv­ing no­tice of the en­force­ment meas­ure and al­low­ing a peri­od for com­pli­ance if there is a risk in any delay.

Art. 42  

3. Pro­por­tio­nal­ity

 

The au­thor­ity must not use a more rig­or­ous en­force­ment meas­ure than the cir­cum­stances re­quire.

Art. 43  

III. Mu­tu­al as­sist­ance

 

The can­tons shall provide the fed­er­al au­thor­it­ies with mu­tu­al as­sist­ance in en­for­cing rul­ings.

Section 3 Appeal Procedure in General

Art. 44  

A. Prin­ciple

 

Any rul­ing shall be sub­ject to an ap­peal.

Art. 4583  

B. Ap­peal against in­ter­im or­ders

I. In­ter­im or­ders on jur­is­dic­tion and re­cus­al

 

1 An ap­peal is per­mit­ted against sep­ar­ately no­ti­fied in­ter­im or­ders on jur­is­dic­tion and on re­quests for re­cus­al.

2 These rul­ings may not be con­tested at a later date.

83 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 4684  

II. Oth­er in­ter­im or­ders

 

1 An ap­peal is per­mit­ted against oth­er sep­ar­ately no­ti­fied in­ter­im or­ders:

a.
if they may cause a non-re­dress­able pre­ju­dice; or
b.
if grant­ing the ap­peal would im­me­di­ately bring about a fi­nal de­cision and thus would ob­vi­ate sig­ni­fic­ant ex­pendit­ure in time or money in pro­longed evid­en­tiary pro­ceed­ings.

2 If an ap­peal un­der para­graph 1 is not per­mit­ted or if such right of ap­peal has not been ex­er­cised, the in­ter­im or­ders con­cerned shall be con­test­able by ap­peal against the fi­nal rul­ing, provided they have an ef­fect on the con­tent of the fi­nal rul­ing.

84 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 46a85  

Bbis. Deni­al of justice and un­jus­ti­fied delay

 

An ap­peal may be filed against the un­law­ful re­fus­al of or delay in is­su­ing a con­test­able rul­ing.

85 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 47  

C. Ap­pel­late au­thor­it­ies

 

1 The ap­pel­late au­thor­it­ies are:

a.
the Fed­er­al Coun­cil un­der Art­icles 72 ff.;
b.86
the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court un­der Art­icles 31–34 of the Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 200587;
c.88
oth­er au­thor­it­ies that are des­ig­nated as ap­pel­late au­thor­it­ies by a fed­er­al act;
d.89
the su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity if an ap­peal to the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court is in­com­pet­ent and fed­er­al law does not des­ig­nate any oth­er ap­pel­late au­thor­ity.

2 If an ap­pel­late au­thor­ity not re­spons­ible for the fi­nal de­cision has is­sued an in­struc­tion in an in­di­vidu­al case that a lower in­stance should de­cide or has is­sued that in­stance with in­struc­tions on the con­tent of that de­cision, the rul­ing must be re­ferred dir­ectly to the next highest ap­pel­late au­thor­ity; at­ten­tion must be drawn to the fore­go­ing in the in­struc­tions on leg­al rem­ed­ies.90

3 ...91

4 In­struc­tions that an ap­pel­late au­thor­ity is­sues if it de­cides in the case and refers the same back to the lower in­stance are not re­garded as in­struc­tions with­in the mean­ing of para­graph 2.

86 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

87 SR 173.32

88 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

89 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

90Amended by Art. 67 of the Ad­min­is­tra­tion Or­gan­isa­tion Act of 19 Sept. 1978, in force since 1 June 1979 (AS 1979 114; BBl 1975 I 1453).

91 Re­pealed by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, with ef­fect from 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 47a92  
 

92In­ser­ted by An­nex No 1 of the Gov­ern­ment and Ad­min­is­tra­tion Or­gan­isa­tion Act of 21 March 1997 (AS 1997 2022; BBl 1996 V 1). Re­pealed by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, with ef­fect from 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 4893  

D. Locus standi

 

1 A right of ap­peal shall be ac­cor­ded to any­one who:

a.
has par­ti­cip­ated or has been re­fused the op­por­tun­ity to par­ti­cip­ate in pro­ceed­ings be­fore the lower in­stance;
b.
has been spe­cific­ally af­fected by the con­tested rul­ing; and
c.
has a in­terest that is worthy of pro­tec­tion in the re­voc­a­tion or amend­ment of the rul­ing.

2 Per­sons, or­gan­isa­tions and au­thor­it­ies who are gran­ted a right of ap­peal by an­oth­er fed­er­al act shall also be en­titled to ap­peal.

93 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 49  

E. Grounds of ap­peal

 

In the ap­peal, the ap­pel­lant may con­tend that:

a.
there has been a vi­ol­a­tion of fed­er­al law in­clud­ing the ex­ceed­ing or ab­use of dis­cre­tion­ary powers;
b.
there has been an in­cor­rect or in­com­plete de­term­in­a­tion of the leg­ally rel­ev­ant facts of the case;
c.
the rul­ing is in­ad­equate; a plea of in­ad­equacy is in­ad­miss­ible if a can­ton­al au­thor­ity has ruled as the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity.
Art. 5094  

F. Peri­od for fil­ing an ap­peal

 

1 The ap­peal must be filed with­in 30 days of no­ti­fic­a­tion of the rul­ing.

2 An ap­peal may be filed at any time against the un­law­ful re­fus­al of or delay in is­su­ing a rul­ing.

94 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 5195  

G. Ap­peal pe­ti­tion

I. ...

 

95 Re­pealed by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, with ef­fect from 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 52  

II. Con­tent and form

 

1 The ap­peal pe­ti­tion must con­tain the ap­plic­a­tion, the grounds of ap­peal with de­tails of the evid­ence and the sig­na­ture of the ap­pel­lant or his agent; the of­fi­cial copy of the con­tested rul­ing and doc­u­ments cited as evid­ence must be at­tached, provided they are in the ap­pel­lant’s pos­ses­sion.

2 If the ap­peal fails to sat­is­fy these re­quire­ments, or if the ap­plic­a­tion made by the ap­pel­lant or the grounds there­for lack the re­quired clar­ity but the ap­peal is not clearly in­ad­miss­ible, the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity shall grant the ap­pel­lant a short ad­di­tion­al peri­od to re­vise the ap­peal pe­ti­tion.

3 It shall at the same time no­ti­fy the ap­pel­lant that if there is not re­sponse with­in the ad­di­tion­al peri­od, it shall de­cide on the basis of the case files or in the ab­sence of an ap­plic­a­tion, grounds or a sig­na­ture, to de­clare the ap­peal in­ad­miss­ible.

Art. 53  

III. Sup­ple­ment­ary ap­peal pe­ti­tion

 

If the un­usu­al com­plex­ity or spe­cial dif­fi­culty of an ap­peal case so re­quires, the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity shall grant an ap­pel­lant who so re­quests in his oth­er­wise prop­erly filed ap­peal a suit­able ad­di­tion­al peri­od with­in which to sup­ple­ment his grounds of ap­peal; in such cases, Art­icle 32 para­graph 2 does not ap­ply.

Art. 54  

H. Oth­er pro­ced­ur­al rules pri­or to the ap­peal de­cision

I. Prin­ciple

 

The right to deal with the case that is the sub­ject of the rul­ing be­ing con­tested on ap­peal is as­signed to the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity when the ap­peal is filed.

Art. 55  

II. Pre­cau­tion­ary meas­ures

1. Sus­pens­ive ef­fect

 

1 An ap­peal shall have a sus­pens­ive ef­fect.

2 If the rul­ing does not re­late to the pay­ment of money, the lower in­stance may re­voke the sus­pens­ive ef­fect of any ap­peal in its rul­ing; once the ap­peal has been filed, the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity, its pres­id­ent or the in­struct­ing judge has the same power.96

3 The ap­pel­late au­thor­ity, its pres­id­ent or the in­struct­ing judge may re­in­state the sus­pens­ive ef­fect re­voked by the lower in­stance; an ap­plic­a­tion for the re­in­state­ment of the sus­pens­ive ef­fect must be de­cided im­me­di­ately.97

4 If the sus­pens­ive ef­fect is re­voked ar­bit­rar­ily or an ap­plic­a­tion for the re­in­state­ment of the sus­pens­ive ef­fect is ar­bit­rar­ily not gran­ted or gran­ted late, the pub­lic cor­por­a­tion or autonom­ous in­sti­tu­tion on whose be­half the au­thor­ity has is­sued the rul­ing shall be li­able for any loss or dam­age in­curred thereby.

5 The pro­vi­sions of oth­er fed­er­al acts un­der which an ap­peal does not have a sus­pens­ive ef­fect are re­served.98

96 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

97 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

98In­ser­ted by No 5 of the An­nex to the In­sur­ance Su­per­vi­sion Act of 23 June 1978, in force since 1 Jan. 1979 (AS 19781836; BBl 1976II 873).

Art. 5699  

2. Oth­er meas­ures

 

Once the ap­peal has been filed, the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity, its pres­id­ent or the in­struct­ing judge may take oth­er pre­cau­tion­ary meas­ures ex of­fi­cio or in re­sponse to an ap­plic­a­tion by a party, in rul­ing to pre­serve the cur­rent situ­ation or to tem­por­ar­ily safe­guard in­terests that are at risk.

99 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 57  

III. Ex­change of writ­ten sub­mis­sions

 

1 The ap­pel­late au­thor­ity shall im­me­di­ately no­ti­fy the lower in­stance and any re­spond­ents or oth­er parties in­volved of any ap­peal that is not fun­da­ment­ally in­ad­miss­ible or ground­less, al­low them a peri­od with­in which to re­spond and at the same time re­quest the lower in­stance to pro­duce its case files.100

2 It may in­vite the parties to ex­change writ­ten sub­mis­sions at any stage of the pro­ceed­ings or ar­range an or­al de­bate with them.

100 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 58  

IV. New rul­ing

 

1 The lower in­stance may re­con­sider its con­tested rul­ing at any time pri­or to mak­ing a form­al re­sponse to the ap­peal.

2 It shall no­ti­fy the parties im­me­di­ately of any new rul­ing and in­form the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity of the same.

3 The ap­pel­late au­thor­ity shall pro­ceed with the ap­peal un­less it is rendered ground­less by the new rul­ing of the lower in­stance; Art­icle 57 ap­plies if the new rul­ing is based on facts that are sub­stan­tially dif­fer­ent or cre­ates a leg­al po­s­i­tion that is sub­stan­tially dif­fer­ent.

Art. 59  

V. Re­cus­al

 

The ap­pel­late au­thor­ity may not ap­point per­sons to hear the ap­peal who serve the lower in­stance or who par­ti­cip­ated in the draft­ing of the con­tested rul­ing; if the con­tested rul­ing is based on an in­struc­tion from the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity, Art­icle 47 para­graphs 2–4 also ap­ply.

Art. 60101  

VI. Pro­ced­ur­al pen­al­ties

 

1 The ap­pel­late au­thor­ity may is­sue a rep­rim­and to or im­pose a dis­cip­lin­ary fine of up to 500 francs on parties or their rep­res­ent­at­ives who of­fend against the pro­pri­ety or dis­rupt the con­duct of the pro­ceed­ings.

2 In cases of vex­a­tious or ir­re­spons­ible lit­ig­a­tion, the party and his rep­res­ent­at­ive may be is­sued with dis­cip­lin­ary fine of up to 1000 francs or of up to 3000 francs in the event of re­offend­ing.

3 The per­son presid­ing over a hear­ing may have per­sons who re­fuse to com­ply with his in­struc­tions re­moved from the room and may im­pose a dis­cip­lin­ary fine of up to 500 francs.

101 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 61  

J. Ap­peal de­cision

I. Con­tent and form

 

1 The ap­pel­late au­thor­ity shall it­self make the de­cision in the case or in ex­cep­tion­al cases shall refer the case back to the lower in­stance and is­sue bind­ing in­struc­tions.

2 The ap­peal de­cision shall con­tain a sum­mary of the rel­ev­ant facts of the case, a state­ment of the grounds for the de­cision and the op­er­at­ive part of the de­cision.

3 No­ti­fic­a­tion of the de­cision must be giv­en to the parties and the lower in­stance.

Art. 62  

II. Amend­ment of the con­tested rul­ing

 

1 The ap­pel­late au­thor­ity may amend the con­tested rul­ing in fa­vour of a party.

2 It may amend the con­tested rul­ing to the pre­ju­dice of a party, provided the rul­ing vi­ol­ates fed­er­al law or is based on an in­cor­rect or in­com­plete de­term­in­a­tion of the facts of the case; the con­tested rul­ing may not be amended to the pre­ju­dice of a party on the grounds that it is in­ad­equate, oth­er than in the case of an amend­ment in fa­vour of a re­spond­ent.

3 If the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity in­tends to amend the con­tested rul­ing to the pre­ju­dice of a party, it shall no­ti­fy the party of this in­ten­tion and al­low him the op­por­tun­ity to re­spond.

4 In no event do the grounds for the ap­plic­a­tion bind the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity.

Art. 63  

III. Pro­ced­ur­al costs

 

1 In its judg­ment, the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity shall nor­mally im­pose the pro­ced­ur­al costs, con­sist­ing of the au­thor­ity's own fees, the re­gis­trar’s fees and cash out­lays on the un­suc­cess­ful party. If the party is only partly un­suc­cess­ful, the pro­ced­ur­al costs shall be re­duced. In ex­cep­tion­al cases, they may be re­mit­ted.

2 No pro­ced­ur­al costs shall be im­posed on lower in­stances or ap­pel­lant fed­er­al au­thor­it­ies that are un­suc­cess­ful; per­sons oth­er than fed­er­al au­thor­it­ies that file an ap­peal and are un­suc­cess­ful shall be re­quired to pay pro­ced­ur­al costs provided the dis­pute relates to the pe­cu­ni­ary in­terests of pub­lic cor­por­a­tions or autonom­ous in­sti­tu­tions.

3 Pro­ced­ur­al costs may only be im­posed on a suc­cess­ful party if the costs were in­curred through a vi­ol­a­tion of pro­ced­ur­al du­ties.

4 The ap­pel­late au­thor­ity, its pres­id­ent or the in­struct­ing judge shall ob­tain from the ap­pel­lant an ad­vance pay­ment to cov­er costs equi­val­ent to the ex­pec­ted level of the costs. The ap­pel­lant must be al­lowed a suit­able peri­od with­in which to make pay­ment, sub­ject to the case be­ing dis­missed without en­ter­ing in­to its sub­stance in the event of non-pay­ment. If there are spe­cial reas­ons, the ad­vance pay­ment to cov­er costs may be waived in full or in part.102

4bis The au­thor­ity's own fees are gov­erned by the ex­tent and dif­fi­culty of the mat­ter in dis­pute, the form of the pro­ceed­ings and the fin­an­cial cir­cum­stances of the parties. They shall amount to:

a.
100–5000 francs in non-pe­cu­ni­ary dis­putes;
b.
100–50 000 francs in oth­er dis­putes.103

5 The Fed­er­al Coun­cil shall reg­u­late the de­tails of the cal­cu­la­tion of the fees.104 Art­icle 16 para­graph 1 let­ter a of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005105 and Art­icle 73 of the Law En­force­ment Au­thor­it­ies Act of 19 March 2010106 are re­served.107

102 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

103 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

104 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

105 SR 173.32

106 SR 173.71

107 Second sen­tence amended by An­nex No II 3 of the Law En­force­ment Au­thor­it­ies Act of 19 March 2010, in force since 1 Jan. 2011 (AS 2010 3267; BBl 20088125).

Art. 64  

IV. Re­im­burse­ment of rep­res­ent­a­tion costs

 

1 The ap­pel­late au­thor­ity may award the suc­cess­ful party ex of­fi­cio or on ap­plic­a­tion a pay­ment in re­spect of all or part of the costs that he has in­curred that were reas­on­able and ne­ces­sary.

2 The award shall be quan­ti­fied in the de­cision and im­posed on the pub­lic cor­por­a­tion or autonom­ous in­sti­tute in whose name the lower in­stance is­sued its rul­ing, un­less it may be im­posed on an un­suc­cess­ful re­spond­ent.

3 It may be im­posed on an un­suc­cess­ful re­spond­ent, de­pend­ing on his abil­ity to pay, provided the party par­ti­cip­ated in the pro­ceed­ings by fil­ing an in­de­pend­ent ap­plic­a­tion.

4 The pub­lic cor­por­a­tion or autonom­ous in­sti­tu­tion in whose name the lower in­stance is­sued its rul­ing shall be li­able for the pay­ment of an award im­posed on an un­suc­cess­ful re­spond­ent in the event that it is found to be un­re­cov­er­able.

5 The Fed­er­al Coun­cil shall reg­u­late the cal­cu­la­tion of the award.108 Art­icle 16 para­graph 1 let­ter a of the Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005109 and Art­icle 73 of the Law En­force­ment Au­thor­it­ies Act of 19 March 2010110 are re­served.111

108 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS 2006 21971069; BBl 2001 4202).

109 SR 173.32

110 SR 173.71

111 Second sen­tence amended by An­nex No II 3 of the Law En­force­ment Au­thor­it­ies Act of 19 March 2010, in force since 1 Jan. 2011 (AS 2010 3267; BBl 20088125).

Art. 65  

V. Leg­al aid

 

1 After the ap­peal has been filed, the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity, its pres­id­ent or the in­struct­ing judge shall on re­quest re­lieve a party who does not have the re­quired fin­an­cial means of the re­quire­ment to pay pro­ced­ur­al costs, un­less his ap­plic­a­tion ap­pears to have no pro­spect of suc­cess.112

2 If it is ne­ces­sary in or­der to safe­guard his rights, the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity, its pres­id­ent or the in­struct­ing judge shall ap­point a law­yer to rep­res­ent the party.113

3 The li­ab­il­ity for the law­yer's costs and fees is de­term­ined in ac­cord­ance with Art­icle 64 para­graphs 2–4.

4 If the party later ac­quires suf­fi­cient fin­an­cial means, he shall be re­quired to re­im­burse the pub­lic cor­por­a­tion or autonom­ous in­sti­tu­tion that has paid the law­yer's fees and costs.

5 The Fed­er­al Coun­cil shall reg­u­late the as­sess­ment of fees and costs.114 Art­icle 16 para­graph 1 let­ter a of the Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005115 and Art­icle 73 of the Law En­force­ment Au­thor­it­ies Act of 19 March 2010116 are re­served.117

112 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

113 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

114 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS 2006 21971069; BBl 2001 4202).

115 SR 173.32

116 SR 173.71

117 Second sen­tence amended by An­nex No II 3 of the Law En­force­ment Au­thor­it­ies Act of 19 March 2010, in force since 1 Jan. 2011 (AS 2010 3267; BBl 20088125).

Art. 66118  

K. Re­view

I. Grounds

 

1 The ap­pel­late au­thor­ity shall re­view their de­cision ex of­fi­cio or on the ap­plic­a­tion of a party if the de­cision has been in­flu­enced by a felony or mis­de­mean­our.

2 It shall also re­view its de­cision on the ap­plic­a­tion of a party if:

a.
the party in­tro­duces rel­ev­ant new facts or evid­ence;
b.
the party demon­strates that the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity over­looked rel­ev­ant facts that were on re­cord or spe­cif­ic ap­plic­a­tions;
c.
the party demon­strates that the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity vi­ol­ated the pro­vi­sions of Art­icles 10, 59 or 76 on re­cus­al, Art­icles 26–28 on the in­spec­tion of files or the Art­icles 29–33 on the right to be heard; or
d.119
the European Court of Hu­man Rights has held in a fi­nal judg­ment that there has been a vi­ol­a­tion of the Con­ven­tion of 4 Novem­ber 1950120 for the Pro­tec­tion of Hu­man Rights and Fun­da­ment­al Freedoms (ECHR) or of the pro­to­cols thereto, or if the case has been con­cluded by means of a friendly set­tle­ment (Art. 39 ECHR), provided an award of dam­ages is not suf­fi­cient to rem­edy the con­sequences of the vi­ol­a­tion and the re­view is ne­ces­sary in rul­ing to re­dress the vi­ol­a­tion.

3 The grounds re­ferred to in para­graph 2 let­ters a–c are not re­garded as grounds for a re­view if the party had the op­por­tun­ity to in­voke them in the course of pro­ceed­ings pri­or to the ap­peal de­cision, or by means of an ap­peal that he was en­titled to bring against the ap­peal de­cision.

118 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

119 Amended by An­nex No 1 of the FA of 1 Oct. 2021, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2022 (AS 2022 289; BBl 2021300, 889).

120 SR 0.101

Art. 67  

II. Ap­plic­a­tion

 

1 The ap­plic­a­tion for a re­view must be filed with the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity with­in 90 days of be­com­ing aware of the grounds for a re­view, but at the latest with­in 10 years of re­ceipt of writ­ten no­ti­fic­a­tion of the ap­peal de­cision.121

1bis In the case re­ferred to in Art­icle 66 para­graph 2 let­ter d, the ap­plic­a­tion for a re­view must be filed with­in 90 days of the rel­ev­ant judg­ment of the European Court of Hu­man Rights un­der Art­icle 44 the European Con­ven­tion on Hu­man Rights of 4 Novem­ber 1950122 tak­ing full leg­al ef­fect.123

2 If 10 years have elapsed since no­ti­fic­a­tion of the ap­peal de­cision, an ap­plic­a­tion for a re­view is only ad­miss­ible on the grounds cited in Art­icle 66 para­graph 1.

3 The con­tent, form, cor­rec­tion and amend­ment of the ap­plic­a­tion for a re­view are gov­erned by Art­icles 52 and 53; the state­ment of grounds must in par­tic­u­lar in­dic­ate the grounds for the re­view and con­firm­a­tion that the ap­plic­a­tion for a re­view has been filed in time. This must also con­tain the ap­plic­a­tion in the event that a new ap­peal de­cision is made.

121 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

122 SR 0.101

123 In­ser­ted by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 68  

III. De­cision

 

1 If the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity de­cides to ad­mit the ap­plic­a­tion for a re­view and if it re­gards the same as jus­ti­fied, it shall re­voke the ap­peal de­cision and make a new de­cision.

2 Art­icles 56, 57 and 59–65 also ap­ply to the con­sid­er­a­tion of the ap­plic­a­tion for a re­view.

Art. 69  

L. Ex­plan­at­ory state­ment

 

1 The ap­pel­late au­thor­ity shall at the re­quest of any party ex­plain the ap­peal de­cision if there are any in­con­sist­en­cies or con­tra­dic­tions in the op­er­at­ive part of the de­cision or between the op­er­at­ive part and the state­ment of grounds.

2 A new peri­od for fil­ing an ap­peal be­gins from the date of the ex­plan­at­ory state­ment.

3 Ty­po­graph­ic­al or arith­met­ic­al er­rors or ad­min­is­trat­ive omis­sions that have no in­flu­ence on the de­cision or on the es­sen­tial con­tent of the grounds may be cor­rec­ted by the ap­pel­late au­thor­ity at any time.

Art. 70124  

M. Spe­cial forms of ap­peal

I. ...

 

124 Re­pealed by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, with ef­fect from 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 71  

II. Com­plaint to a su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity

 

1 Any­one may at any time re­port mat­ters to the su­per­vis­ory au­thor­ity that re­quire ac­tion to be taken ex of­fi­cio in the pub­lic in­terest against an au­thor­ity.

2 The per­son mak­ing the re­port does not have the rights of a party.

Section 4 Special Authorities 125

125Amended by Annex No 3 of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991, in force since 1 Jan. 1994 (AS 1992288, 1993 877Art. 2 para. 1; BBl 1991 II 465).

Art. 71a–71d126  

A. ...

 

126In­ser­ted by An­nex No 3 of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991 (AS 1992288, 1993 877Art. 2 para. 1; BBl 1991 II 465). Re­pealed by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, with ef­fect from 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 72127  

B. Fed­er­al Coun­cil

I. As ap­pel­late au­thor­ity

1. Ad­miss­ib­il­ity of the ap­peal

a. Sub­ject mat­ter

 

An ap­peal to the Fed­er­al Coun­cil is ad­miss­ible against:

a.
rul­ings re­lat­ing to the in­tern­al and ex­tern­al se­cur­ity of the coun­try, neut­ral­ity, dip­lo­mat­ic pro­tec­tion and the oth­er mat­ters re­lat­ing to ex­tern­al re­la­tions, un­less in­ter­na­tion­al law con­fers the right to have the mat­ter judged by a court;
b.
first in­stance rul­ings on the per­form­ance-re­lated ele­ment of the salar­ies of fed­er­al per­son­nel.

127 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 73128  

b. Lower in­stances

 

An ap­peal to the Fed­er­al Coun­cil is ad­miss­ible against rul­ings:

a.
is­sued by the de­part­ments and the Fed­er­al Chan­cellery;
b.
is­sued by au­thor­it­ies of fi­nal in­stance of autonom­ous in­sti­tu­tions and of busi­nesses of the Con­fed­er­a­tion;
c.
is­sued by can­ton­al au­thor­it­ies of fi­nal in­stance.

128 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 74129  

c. Sub­si­di­ar­ity

 

An ap­peal to the Fed­er­al Coun­cil is in­ad­miss­ible against rul­ings that may be con­tested by ap­peal to an­oth­er fed­er­al au­thor­ity or by ob­jec­tion.

129 Amended by An­nex No 10 of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­trat­ive Court Act of 17 June 2005, in force since 1 Jan. 2007 (AS200621971069; BBl20014202).

Art. 75  

2. Ap­peal brief­ing pro­ced­ure

 

1 The Fed­er­al De­part­ment of Justice and Po­lice shall con­duct the ap­peal brief­ing pro­ced­ure.

2 The Fed­er­al Coun­cil shall del­eg­ate the ap­peal brief­ing pro­ced­ure in ap­peals against rul­ings of the Fed­er­al De­part­ment of Justice and Po­lice to an­oth­er de­part­ment.

3 The brief­ing de­part­ment shall sub­mit its pro­pos­als to the Fed­er­al Coun­cil and shall ex­er­cise the powers held by the Fed­er­al Coun­cil as ap­pel­late au­thor­ity un­til the de­cision is made.

Art. 76132  

3. Re­cus­al

 

1 The mem­ber of the Fed­er­al Coun­cil against whose de­part­ment the ap­peal is filed shall not par­ti­cip­ate in the de­cision of the Fed­er­al Coun­cil.

2 His de­part­ment may par­ti­cip­ate in the pro­ceed­ings be­fore the Fed­er­al Coun­cil as if it were an ap­pel­lant and also with­in the frame­work of the joint re­port­ing pro­ced­ure un­der Art­icle 54 of the Ad­min­is­tra­tion Or­gan­isa­tion Act of 19 Septem­ber 1978133.

3 If the joint re­port­ing pro­ced­ure leads to new fac­tu­al or leg­al sub­mis­sions be­ing made, the ap­pel­lant, any re­spond­ents or oth­er parties in­volved must be heard on these sub­mis­sions.

132Amended by An­nex No 3 of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991, in force since 15 Feb. 1992 (AS 1992 288337Art. 2 para. 1 let. b; BBl 1991 II 465).

133[AS 1979 114; 1983 170, 931Art. 59 No 2; 1985 699; 1987 226No II 2, 808; 1989 2116; 1990 3Art. 1, 1530No II 1, 1587Art. 1; 1991 362No I; 1992 2 Art. 1 288 An­nex No 2, 510, 581An­nex No 2; 1993 1770; 1995 978, 4093An­nex No 2, 4362Art. 1,5050An­nex No 1; 1996 546An­nex No 1, 1486, 1498An­nex No 1. AS 1997 2022Art. 63]. See now the Gov­ern­ment and Ad­min­is­tra­tion Or­gan­isa­tion Act of 21 March 1997 (SR 172.010).

Art. 77  

4. Sup­ple­ment­ary pro­ced­ur­al pro­vi­sions

 

Art­icles 45–70 also ap­ply.

Art. 78  

II. As sole or first in­stance

 

1 If the Fed­er­al Coun­cil is­sues a rul­ing as the sole or first in­stance, the de­part­ment that is com­pet­ent in the mat­ter shall provide it with a pro­pos­al on the rul­ing.

2 The de­part­ment shall ex­er­cise the powers held by the Fed­er­al Coun­cil un­til the rul­ing has been is­sued.

3 Art­icles 7–43 also ap­ply.

Art. 79  

C. Fed­er­al As­sembly

 

1 An ap­peal to the Fed­er­al As­sembly is ad­miss­ible against ap­peal de­cisions and rul­ings if a fed­er­al act so provides.137

2 The ap­peal must be filed with the Fed­er­al As­sembly with­in 30 days of no­ti­fic­a­tion of the ap­peal de­cision or the rul­ing.

3 The ap­peal shall have no sus­pens­ive ef­fect un­less a re­lated pro­vi­sion­al rul­ing has been is­sued by the Fed­er­al Coun­cil.

137 Amended by No I 1 of the FA of 8. Oct. 1999 on Pro­ced­ur­al Amend­ments to the new Fed­er­al Con­sti­tu­tion, in force since 1. March 2000 (AS 2000 416; BBl 1999 7922).

Section 5 Final and Transitional Provisions

Art. 80  

A. Re­peal and amend­ment of le­gis­la­tion

 

On com­mence­ment of this Act, the fol­low­ing are re­pealed:

a.
Art­icle 23bis of the Fed­er­al Act of 26 March 1914138 on the Or­gan­isa­tion of the Fed­er­al Ad­min­is­tra­tion;
b.
Art­icles 124–134, 158 and 164 of the Fed­er­al Justice Act139;
c.
con­tra­dict­ory pro­vi­sions of the fed­er­al law; sup­ple­ment­ary pro­vi­sions un­der Art­icle 4 are re­served.

138[BS 1 261. AS 1979 114Art. 72 let. a]

139[BS 3 531; AS 1948 485Art. 86; 1955 871Art. 118; 1959 902; 1969 767; 1977 237No II 3 862 Art. 52 No 2, 1323No III; 1978 688 Art. 88 No 3, 1450; 1979 42; 1980 31No IV 1718 Art. 52 No 2, 1819Art. 12 para. 1; 1982 1676An­nex No 13; 1983 1886Art. 36 No 1; 1986 926Art. 59 No 1; 1987 226No II 1, 1665No II; 1988 1776 An­nex No II 1; 1989 504Art. 33 let. a; 1990 938 No III para. 5; 1992 288; 1993 274Art. 75 No 1, 1945An­nex No 1; 1995 1227An­nex No 3, 4093An­nex No 4; 1996 508Art. 36, 750Art. 17, 1445An­nex No 2, 1498An­nex No 2; 1997 1155An­nex No 6, 2465An­nex No 5; 1998 2847An­nex No 3, 3033An­nex No 2; 1999 1118An­nex No 1, 3071No I 2, 2000 273An­nex No 6, 416No I 2, 505No I 1, 2355An­nex No 1, 2719; 2001 114No I 4, 894Art. 40 No 3, 1029Art. 11 para. 2; 2002863Art. 35, 1904Art. 36 No 1, 2767No II, 3988 An­nex No 1; 20032133An­nex No 7, 3543An­nex No II 4 let. a, 4557 An­nex No II 1; 20041985An­nex No II 1, 4719An­nex No II 1; 2005 5685An­nex No 7. AS 2006 1205Art. 131 para. 1]

Art. 81  

B. Trans­ition­al pro­vi­sion

 

This Act does not ap­ply to dis­putes be­fore au­thor­it­ies of ad­min­is­trat­ive justice at the time of its com­mence­ment and to ap­peals or ob­jec­tions against rul­ings is­sued be­fore its com­mence­ment; in such cases, the pre­vi­ous pro­vi­sions on pro­ced­ure and pro­vi­sions ap­ply.

Art. 82  

C. Com­mence­ment

 

The Fed­er­al Coun­cil shall de­term­ine the date on which this Act comes in­to force.

Com­mence­ment date: 1 Oc­to­ber 1969140

140FCD of 10 Sept. 1969.

Final Provision of the Amendment of 18 March 1994 141

The new law applies to all appeals that are filed with an appellate authority following the commencement of the Amendment of 18 March 1994.

Final Provision to the Amendment of 17 June 2005 142

The Federal Council may for ten years following the commencement of the Amendment of 17 June 2005 limit the possibility of filing submissions electronically with authorities to proceedings before specific authorities.

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