Swiss Criminal Procedure Code
(Criminal Procedure Code, CrimPC)

of 5 October 2007 (Status as of 1 July 2022)

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Art. 251 Principle

1 An ex­am­in­a­tion of a per­son in­cludes an ex­am­in­a­tion of their phys­ic­al or men­tal con­di­tion.

2 The ac­cused may be ques­tioned in or­der to:

es­tab­lish the facts of the case;
es­tab­lish wheth­er the he or she had the men­tal ca­pa­city to be held crim­in­ally li­able, is fit to plead and to with­stand de­ten­tion.

3 In­ter­ven­tions in the phys­ic­al in­teg­rity of the ac­cused may be ordered provided they do not cause par­tic­u­lar pain or any risk to health.

4 Ex­am­in­a­tions and in­ter­ven­tions in the phys­ic­al in­teg­rity of per­sons oth­er than the ac­cused are only per­mit­ted without con­sent if they are es­sen­tial in or­der to prop­erly in­vest­ig­ate an of­fence un­der Art­icles 111–113, 122, 124, 140, 184, 185, 187, 189, 190 or 191 SCC73.74

73 SR 311.0

74 Amended by No III of the FA of 30 Sept. 2011, in force since 1 Ju­ly 2012 (AS 2012 2575; BBl 2010 56515677).

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